See also: Vice, více, vice-, and vicĕ

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PIE word
*dwóh₁

From Middle English vice, from Old French vice, from Latin vitium (fault or blemish). Displaced native Old English unþēaw.

NounEdit

vice (plural vices)

  1. A bad habit.
    Gluttony is a vice, not a virtue.
    Smoking was a vice Sally picked up in high school.
  2. (law) Any of various crimes related (depending on jurisdiction) to weapons, prostitution, pornography, gambling, alcohol, tobacco, or drugs.
  3. A defect in the temper or behaviour of a horse, such as to make the animal dangerous, to injure its health, or to diminish its usefulness.
    • 1839, From the case of Scholefield v. Robb Gilligan, Brenda (2002) Practical Horse Law[1], →ISBN: “So a horse with say, navicular disease, making him suitable only for light hacking, would probably be unsound, whereas rearing would be a vice, being a "defect in the temper... making it dangerous". A vice can however render a horse unsound - possibly a crib biter will damage its wind.”
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See vise.

NounEdit

vice (plural vices)

  1. (Britain) Alternative spelling of vise (mechanical screw apparatus used for clamping)
  2. A tool for drawing lead into cames, or flat grooved rods, for casements.
  3. (architecture) A winding or spiral staircase.
  4. (obsolete) A grip or grasp.
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

vice (third-person singular simple present vices, present participle vicing, simple past and past participle viced)

  1. Alternative spelling of vise (to hold or squeeze with a vice)
    • c. 1610–1611, William Shakespeare, “The VVinters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene ii], line 416, page 281:
      Camillo. As he had ſeen’t, or beene an Instrument / To vice you to't, that you haue toucht his Queene / Forbiddenly.
    • 1849, Thomas De Quincey, “The Vision of Sudden Death”, in Blackwood's Magazine:
      The coachman's hand was viced between his upper and lower thigh.

Etymology 3Edit

From Latin vice (in place of), ablative form of vicis. Compare French fois (time) and Spanish vez (time, turn).

AdjectiveEdit

vice (not comparable)

  1. in place of; subordinate to; designating a person below another in rank
Derived termsEdit

PrepositionEdit

vice

  1. (dated) instead of, in place of, versus (sense 2)
Usage notesEdit
  • While rare in modern standard English, this usage still appears among members of the United States military. This usage is common in informal rail transport contexts in the United Kingdom.
  • Statements such as "vice Jones, who had resigned" may be abbreviated "vice Jones, resigned"

NounEdit

vice (plural vices)

  1. One who acts in place of a superior.
    • c. 1850s-1870s, Edward Minister and Son, The Gazette of Fashion and Cutting-Room Companion
      The health of the Vice was proposed in appropriate language; in replying, Mr. Marriott thanked the company []

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


EsperantoEdit

AdverbEdit

vice

  1. in rows

Related termsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French vice, from Old French vice, borrowed from Latin vitium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vice m (plural vices)

  1. vice (clarification of this definition is needed)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English vice-French vice-German vize-Italian vice-Russian ви́це- (více-)Spanish vice-.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

vice

  1. instead, instead of

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Progreso III (in Ido), 1910–1911, page 102
  • Progreso IV (in Ido), 1911–1912, pages 211, 408, 409
  • Progreso V (in Ido), 1912–1913, page 723
  • Progreso VII (in Ido), 1914, page 130



ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vicem.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vice m or f (invariable)

  1. deputy, substitute, vice

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vice

  1. ablative singular of vicis

PrepositionEdit

vice

  1. in place of, subordinate to

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: vice-
  • French: vice
  • German: vize-
  • Ido: vice
  • Italian: vice
  • Piedmontese: vice
  • Swedish: vice

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

vīce

  1. vocative singular of vīcus

ReferencesEdit

  • vice in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • vice in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • vice in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Middle EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Old French vice, visse, from Latin vitium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

vice (plural vices)

  1. A fault or imperfection; a negative quality or attribute of something:
    1. A bad habit or tendency that one has; a negative human behaviour.
    2. A mistake; a fault due to deficience in knowledge or reasoning.
    3. (rare) An imperfection or blemish in one's visage or look.
  2. Vice, iniquity, sinful behaviour; absence of virtue or morality:
    1. A vice; a general tendency or action that is morally bad.
    2. A specific example of immoral or sinful behaviour.
  3. A sickness, disease or malady; a deleterious process effecting something.

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French vice, borrowed from Latin vitium.

NounEdit

vice m (plural vices)

  1. vice (bad habit)

DescendantsEdit


PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

vice m, f (plural vices)

  1. used as an abbreviation of any word containing the prefix vice-

SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ʋìːt͡sɛ/, /ʋíːt͡sɛ/

NounEdit

vīce f pl

  1. purgatory

InflectionEdit

Feminine, a-stem
nominative více
genitive víc
plural
nominative více
accusative více
genitive víc
dative vícam
locative vícah
instrumental vícami

SpanishEdit

NounEdit

vice m or f (plural vice)

  1. vice (second in command)

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vice (not comparable)

  1. vice, second in rank, deputy, stand-in, acting

Related termsEdit


YolaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English voys.

NounEdit

vice

  1. voice

ReferencesEdit

  • Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith