addiction

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From addict +‎ -ion; compare (Latin) addictio (an adjudging, an award).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /əˈdɪkʃən/
  • (file)

NounEdit

 
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addiction (countable and uncountable, plural addictions)

  1. (medicine) A state that is characterized by compulsive drug use or compulsive engagement in rewarding behavior, despite negative consequences.[1][2]
    • 2019, Thy Art is Murder, Chemical Christ
      Do your lethal addictions to self-prescriptions numb the ache of the darkest days?
  2. The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination.
  3. A habit or practice that damages, jeopardizes or shortens one's life but when ceased causes trauma.
  4. A pathological relationship to mood altering experience that has life damaging consequences.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Angres DH, Bettinardi-Angres K (October 2008). "The disease of addiction: origins, treatment, and recovery". Dis Mon 54 (10): 696–721. doi:10.1016/j.disamonth.2008.07.002. pmid:18790142.
  2. ^ Malenka RC, Nestler EJ, Hyman SE (2009). "Chapter 15: Reinforcement and Addictive Disorders". In Sydor A, Brown RY. Molecular Neuropharmacology: A Foundation for Clinical Neuroscience (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Medical. pp. 364–365, 375. →ISBN. "The defining feature of addiction is compulsive, out-of-control drug use, despite negative consequences. ...compulsive eating, shopping, gambling, and sex–so-called “natural addictions”– Indeed, addiction to both drugs and behavioral rewards may arise from similar dysregulation of the mesolimbic dopamine system."

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Latin addictio, addictionem; probably through English addiction.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

addiction f (plural addictions)

  1. addiction

Related termsEdit


NormanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English addiction.

NounEdit

addiction f (plural addictions)

  1. (Jersey, medicine) addiction