- (transitive) To cause (someone) pain, suffering or distress.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, Exodus 1:11–12:
- Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.
- 1611, The Holy Bible, […] (King James Version), London: […] Robert Barker, […], OCLC 964384981, Leviticus 23:27:
- Also on the tenth day of this seventh month there shall be a day of atonement: it shall be an holy convocation unto you; and ye shall afflict your souls, and offer an offering made by fire unto the Lord.
- 1930, Norman Lindsay, Redheap, Sydney: Ure Smith, published 1965, page 41:
- [T]he wench was afflicted with religion and unapproachably austere.
- (obsolete) To strike or cast down; to overthrow.
- (obsolete) To make low or humble.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Edmund Spenser to this entry?)
- 1650, Jeremy Taylor, The Rule and Exercises of Holy Living
- Men are apt to prefer a prosperous error before an afflicted truth.
To cause pain to
- to afflict
- Eagle, Andy, ed. (2016) The Online Scots Dictionary, Scots Online.