alabaster

See also: Alabaster

EnglishEdit

 
A lamp whose shade has been crafted from alabaster.

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English alabastre, from Old French alabastre, from Latin alabaster (box for perfume made of alabaster), from Ancient Greek ἀλάβαστρος (alábastros), from earlier ἀλάβαστος (alábastos, vase made of alabaster). This may further derive from Egyptian ꜥj-r-bꜣstjt (vessel of the Egyptian goddess Bast). The Latin suffix -aster is unrelated, but may have influenced the spelling of the borrowing from Ancient Greek (whence a direct loan could have been rendered as *alabastrus).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

alabaster (usually uncountable, plural alabasters)

  1. A fine-grained white or lightly-tinted variety of gypsum, used ornamentally.
    • c. 1596–1598 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Merchant of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i], lines 89–90, page 163:
      Why ſhould a man whoſe bloud is warme within,
      Sit like his Grandſire, cut in Alabaſter?
    • 1867, Dante Alghieri, “Paradiso”, in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, transl., The Divine Comedy[3], Canto XV, lines 22–23:
      Nor was the flame dissevered from its ribbon
      But like a radiant fillet ran along
      So that fire seemed it behind alabaster.
    • 1915 May 15, “Egyptian Antiquities for Metropolitan”, in The New York Times[4] (PDF), archived from the original on 2015-09-14:
      One of the striking relics found at the tomb, was a Canopic portrait head of Queen Tii, made entirely of alabaster except the eyes and eyebrows, which were inlaid lapis lazuli and osidian.
  2. (historical) A variety of calcite, translucent and sometimes banded.
  3. (color) An off-white colour, like that of alabaster.
    alabaster:  

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

alabaster (not comparable)

  1. Made of alabaster.
    The crown is stored in an alabaster box with an onyx handle and a gold lock.
    • 1611, The Holy Bible, [] (King James Version), London: [] Robert Barker, [], OCLC 964384981, Mark 14:3:
      And being in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at meat, there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment of spikenard very precious; and she brake the box, and poured it on his head.
    • 1980, Colin Thubron, Seafarers: The Venetians, page 41:
      An enameled miniature of Christ is set in the center of a jeweled alabaster paten, the plate that holds the bread during Communion services.
  2. Resembling alabaster: white, pale, translucent.
    An ominous alabaster fog settled in the valley.

TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek ἀλάβαστρος (alábastros), from earlier ἀλάβαστος (alábastos, vase made of alabaster).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

alabaster m (genitive alabastrī); second declension

  1. a box, tapering to a point at the top, for perfumes or unguents

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -er).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative alabaster alabastrī
Genitive alabastrī alabastrōrum
Dative alabastrō alabastrīs
Accusative alabastrum alabastrōs
Ablative alabastrō alabastrīs
Vocative alabaster alabastrī

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • alabaster”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • alabaster in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • alabaster”, in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[5]

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

alabaster

  1. Alternative form of alabastre

Old PolishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Latin alabaster, from Ancient Greek ἀλάβαστρος (alábastros).[1] [First attested in 1419.]

NounEdit

alabaster m

  1. alabaster

Derived termsEdit

adjective

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Andrzej Bańkowski (2000) Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego[1] (in Polish)

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Old Polish alabaster, from Latin alabaster, from Ancient Greek ἀλάβαστρος (alábastros).[1] [First attested in 1419.][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /a.laˈbas.tɛr/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -astɛr
  • Syllabification: a‧la‧bas‧ter

NounEdit

alabaster m inan

  1. (mineralogy) alabaster (fine-grained white or lightly-tinted variety of gypsum)
    kopalnia alabastruan alabaster mine
    (zrobiony, wykonany) z alabastru(made) of/from/out of alabaster
  2. alabaster object

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

noun

Derived termsEdit

adjective
adverb
nouns

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Andrzej Bańkowski (2000) Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego[2] (in Polish)
  2. ^ K. Nitsch, editor (1953), “(Alabaster) Alabastyr”, in Słownik staropolski (in Old Polish), volume 1, Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences, page 22
  • Pęzik, Piotr; Przepiórkowski, A.; Bańko, M.; Górski, R.; Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, B (2012) Wyszukiwarka PELCRA dla danych NKJP. Narodowy Korpus Języka Polskiego [National Polish Language Corpus, PELCRA search engine]‎[6], Wydawnictwo PWN

Further readingEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin alabaster.

NounEdit

alabaster m (Cyrillic spelling алабастер)

  1. alabaster
    Synonyms: alabastar, ubjel