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LatinEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of *h₂erǵ- ‎(white). Cognates include Faliscan arcentelu ‎(silver), Old Irish argat ‎(silver), Welsh arian ‎(silver), Ancient Greek ἀργός ‎(argós, shining white, bright, glistening), ἄργυρος ‎(árguros, silver) and Sanskrit अर्जुन ‎(árjuna, white, clear) and रजत ‎(rajatá, silver), Avestan 𐬀𐬙𐬀𐬰𐬆𐬭𐬆 ‎(ərəzata, silver), Old Persian 𐎠𐎼𐎭𐎫 ‎(ardata, silver), and possibly Old Armenian արծաթ ‎(arcatʿ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

argentum n ‎(genitive argentī); second declension

  1. silver (metal)
    • Tacitus Germania, chapter 5 (translation M. Hutton).
      Argentum et aurum propitiine an irati di negaverint dubito.
      The gods have denied them gold and silver, whether in mercy or wrath I find it hard to say.
  2. (by extension) a silvern thing

InflectionEdit

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative argentum argenta
genitive argentī argentōrum
dative argentō argentīs
accusative argentum argenta
ablative argentō argentīs
vocative argentum argenta

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • argentum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • argentum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ARGENTUM in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • argentum in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • coined money; bullion: aes (argentum) signatum
    • silver plate: argentum (factum) (Verr. 5. 25. 63)
  • argentum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • argentum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

MalayEdit

Chemical element
Ag Previous: paladium (Pd)
Next: kadmium (Cd)

EtymologyEdit

From Latin argentum, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵn̥t-, n-stem form of Proto-Indo-European *h₂erǵ-.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [a(r)ɡɛntom], [a(r)ɡɛntəm], [a(r)d͡ʒɛntəm]
  • Rhymes: -tom, -om

NounEdit

argentum ‎(Jawi spelling ارݢينتوم)

  1. silver (metal)

Usage notesEdit

  • Usually used in scientific contexts compared to perak.

SynonymsEdit

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