armentum

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

A reanalysis of the older feminine singular armenta as a neuter plural, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mn̥-teh₂, from *h₂er- (to join) + *-mn̥ + *-teh₂. Semantic development was "grouping, joining" > "herd". Related to arma.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

armentum n (genitive armentī); second declension

  1. (zoology) A draft animal, a large domestic animal suitable for drawing a plow: an ox, a horse.
    • 1st century, L. Iunius Moderatus Columella, De Res Rustica, Book VI, Preface, Sect. 3:
      Unde etiam iūmenta et armenta nōmina ā rē trāxēre quod nostrum labōrem vel onera subvectandō vel arandō iuvārent.
      And so it is that iumenta and armenta draw their names from the fact that they aid our work either by bringing up burdens or by plowing.
  2. (zoology) Synonym of armenta: such animals taken collectively.
    • Maurus Servius Honoratus, In Vergilii Bucolica commentarii :
      Aliī nōn Diānae, sed Apollinī Nomiō cōnsecrātum carmen hoc volunt, quō tempore Admētī rēgis pāvit armenta.
      Others want this poem consecrated not to Diana, but to Apollo the Pasturer, when he tended to the draft animals of king Admetus.

Usage notesEdit

In Latin, armenta are distinguished both from the iumenta used to draw carts and from weaker domestic animals (pecora) unable to pull heavy loads such as milk cows and horses used only as mounts.

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative armentum armenta
Genitive armentī armentōrum
Dative armentō armentīs
Accusative armentum armenta
Ablative armentō armentīs
Vocative armentum armenta

HyponymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: armentíu
  • Galician: armentío
  • Italian: armento
  • Portuguese: armento

ReferencesEdit

CitationsEdit

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 54

BibliographyEdit