See also: Bos, , bõs, boš, boș, boş, bo's, Bos., and Boś

Translingual edit

Symbol edit

bos

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Bosnian.

English edit

Noun edit

bos

  1. plural of bo

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch bos, from Middle Dutch bosch, busch, from Old Dutch *busc, from Proto-West Germanic *busk, from Proto-Germanic *buskaz.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /bɔs/
  • (file)

Noun edit

bos (plural bosse, diminutive bossie)

  1. wood, forest
  2. bush, shrub
  3. bunch, bundle, sheaf, bouquet
    Hy het vir my 'n bossie blomme gegee.
    He gave me a bunch/bouquet of flowers.

Derived terms edit

Aragonese edit

Etymology edit

From Latin vos. Cognate to Spanish os and French vous.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbos/
  • Rhymes: -os
  • Syllabification: bos

Pronoun edit

bos

  1. you (second-person plural direct pronoun)
  2. (to) you (second-person plural indirect pronoun)

Synonyms edit

Cornish edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (RMC) IPA(key): /ˈbɔːz/
  • (RLC) IPA(key): (verbal noun) /ˈboːz/, (long forms, e.g. ero'ma, ere'vy) /ˈɛrɐ/, (preterite) /ˈbiː/

Verb edit

bos

  1. to be
  2. (Revived Late Cornish, future, preterite or conditional tenses) to have; to get
    My a veu own.
    I was frightened.
    (literally, “I had fright.”)
    Nei via pris da rag an hern.
    We would get a good price for the pilchards.
    Termyn aral hwei vedh moy.
    Another time you will have more.

Conjugation edit

Mutation edit

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

bos

  1. (literary) short masculine singular of bosý
    Synonym: bosky

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • bos in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • bos in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian edit

Etymology 1 edit

Possibly from Latin buxus (box tree).

Noun edit

bos m

  1. oak tree

Etymology 2 edit

Unknown.

Noun edit

bos m

  1. thigh, hind quarters

Danish edit

Noun edit

bos n

  1. indefinite genitive singular of bo

Dutch edit

 
een bos (n, a forest)

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch bosch, busch, from Old Dutch *busc, from Proto-West Germanic *busk, from Proto-Germanic *buskaz.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bos n (plural bossen, diminutive bosje n)

  1. wood, forest
    Zij ging wandelen in de bossen.
    She went walking in the woods.
  2. (Suriname) jungle, tropical rainforest

Noun edit

bos m (plural bossen, diminutive bosje n)

  1. bouquet, cluster, bunch
    Hij bracht een bosje bloemen mee.
    He brought me a bouquet of flowers.

Derived terms edit

-in Dutch toponyms:

Descendants edit

  • Afrikaans: bos
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: bosi
  • Negerhollands: boesch, bosch
  • Aukan: bosu
  • Caribbean Javanese: bos (bunch, bundle)
  • English: bush
  • ? Guyanese Creole English: bush
  • Indonesian: bos
  • Papiamentu: bòshi, bosji (from the diminutive)
  • Sranan Tongo: bosu (bunch, bundle)
  • Sranan Tongo: busi (forest)
    • Caribbean Javanese: busi
    • Kwinti: busi
    • Ndyuka-Trio Pidgin: busi

Friulian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin buxus, from Ancient Greek πύξος (púxos).

Noun edit

bos m (plural bos)

  1. box (tree)
  2. boxwood

Galician edit

Adjective edit

bos

  1. masculine plural of bo

Guinea-Bissau Creole edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese vos. Cognate with Kabuverdianu bo.

Pronoun edit

bos

  1. you (plural second person)

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɔs]
  • Hyphenation: bos

Etymology 1 edit

From Dutch bos (cluster, bunch), from Middle Dutch bosch, busch, from Old Dutch *busc, from Proto-Germanic *buskaz.

Noun edit

bos (first-person possessive bosku, second-person possessive bosmu, third-person possessive bosnya)

  1. cluster, bunch.

Etymology 2 edit

From English boss, from Dutch baas, from Middle Dutch baes (master of a household, friend), from Old Dutch *baso (uncle, kinsman), from Proto-Germanic *baswô, masculine form of Proto-Germanic *baswǭ (father's sister, aunt, cousin). Cognate with Middle Low German bās (supervisor, foreman), Old Frisian bas (master) > Saterland Frisian Boas (boss), Old High German basa (father's sister, cousin) > German Base (aunt, cousin). Doublet of bas.

Noun edit

bos (plural bos-bos, first-person possessive bosku, second-person possessive bosmu, third-person possessive bosnya)

  1. boss, leader, head
    Synonyms: bas, mandor, pemborong, pembesar, kepala

Further reading edit

Irish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Old Irish bas, bos (palm), from Proto-Celtic *bostā (palm, fist) (compare Breton boz (hollow of the hand)), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷosto-, *gʷosdʰo- (branch).

Noun edit

bos f (genitive singular boise, nominative plural bosa)

  1. (anatomy) palm of the hand
    Synonym: dearna
  2. (hurling) the flattened, curved end of a hurley

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bos bhos mbos
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

Kristang edit

Etymology edit

From Portuguese vós (ye), from Old Galician-Portuguese vos, from Latin vōs (ye).

Pronoun edit

bos

  1. you; thou (second-person singular personal pronoun)[1]

See also edit

Kristang personal pronouns (edit)
Person Singular Plural
First yo nus
Second bos bolotu
Third eli olotu

References edit

  1. ^ 2010, Ladislav Prištic, Kristang - Crioulo de Base Portuguesa, Masaryk University, page 26.

Ladino edit

Noun edit

bos f (Latin spelling, plural bozes)

  1. Alternative form of boz

Latin edit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la
 
bōs (a bull)

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Irregular, for the expected **vōs/**ūs, accusative **vom, oblique stem **vov-, from Proto-Italic *gʷōs, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷṓws, which also gave Ancient Greek βοῦς (boûs), Sanskrit गो (go) (nominative singular gaúḥ), and English cow.

Most likely a borrowing from Sabellic (Oscan-Umbrian), attested as Umbrian bum (acc.sg.), bue (abl.sg.), buo (gen.pl.), buf (acc.pl.) all spelling /bō-/. This was likely motivated by the fact that the expected form would have produced an undesirable homonymic clash: with vōs (you) in the nominative and with ovis (sheep) in the oblique. It's unclear whether the borrowing included the entire paradigm, or just the initial consonant.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bōs m or f (irregular, genitive bovis); third declension

  1. head of cattle (cow, bull, steer, or ox)
    • c. 98 CE, Tacitus, Germania 18:
      Hoc iuncti boves, hoc paratus equus, hoc data arma denuntiant.
      The yoked oxen, the harnessed steed, the gift of arms, proclaim this fact.

Declension edit

Third-declension noun (irregular).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bōs bovēs
Genitive bovis boum
bovum
boverum
Dative bovī bōbus
būbus
bovibus
Accusative bovem bovēs
Ablative bove
bovīd
bōbus
būbus
bovibus
Vocative bōs bovēs
  • The medial /w/ is often found spelled B, normally not spelled in the form boum, and is sometimes lost in the forms bo(v)e and bo(v)ēs.
  • The ablative singular is once the archaizing bovīd in an inscription.

Synonyms edit

Hypernyms edit

Hyponyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

Further reading edit

  • bos”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bos”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bos in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • bos in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • On Latin bōs”, in laohutiger.wordpress.com, 2012 January 2, retrieved 2021-06-16

Norwegian Nynorsk edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bos n (definite singular boset, uncountable)

  1. garbage, rubbish, waste
  2. straw for or from a strawbed

Further reading edit

Old Frisian edit

 
Ēn bōs.

Etymology edit

From Proto-Germanic *bansaz (stall), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to bind). Cognates include Old English *bōs, Old Saxon *bōs and Old Norse báss.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bōs m

  1. stall, byre

Descendants edit

  • Saterland Frisian: Buus
  • West Frisian: bús

References edit

  • Bremmer, Rolf H. (2009) An Introduction to Old Frisian: History, Grammar, Reader, Glossary, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company, →ISBN

Romanian edit

Noun edit

bos m (plural boși)

  1. Alternative form of boss

Declension edit

Sardinian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin vōs, from Proto-Italic *wōs, from the oblique case forms of Proto-Indo-European *yū́ (you).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

bos (possessive bostru)

  1. you (plural), ye
    Synonyms: bois, bosateros

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bosъ.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

bȏs (Cyrillic spelling бо̑с, definite bȏsī)

  1. barefoot

Declension edit

Slovene edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Slavic *bosъ.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

bȍs or bòs (not comparable)

  1. barefoot

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. bós bósa bóso
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative bós ind
bósi def
bósa bóso
genitive bósega bóse bósega
dative bósemu bósi bósemu
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
bóso bóso
locative bósem bósi bósem
instrumental bósim bóso bósim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative bósa bósi bósi
genitive bósih bósih bósih
dative bósima bósima bósima
accusative bósa bósi bósi
locative bósih bósih bósih
instrumental bósima bósima bósima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative bósi bóse bósa
genitive bósih bósih bósih
dative bósim bósim bósim
accusative bóse bóse bósa
locative bósih bósih bósih
instrumental bósimi bósimi bósimi
 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Hard
masculine feminine neuter
nom. sing. bòs bôsa bôso
singular
masculine feminine neuter
nominative bòs ind
bôsi def
bôsa bôso
genitive bôsega bôse bôsega
dative bôsemu bôsi bôsemu
accusative nominativeinan or
genitive
anim
bôso bôso
locative bôsem bôsi bôsem
instrumental bôsim bôso bôsim
dual
masculine feminine neuter
nominative bôsa bôsi bôsi
genitive bôsih bôsih bôsih
dative bôsima bôsima bôsima
accusative bôsa bôsi bôsi
locative bôsih bôsih bôsih
instrumental bôsima bôsima bôsima
plural
masculine feminine neuter
nominative bôsi bôse bôsa
genitive bôsih bôsih bôsih
dative bôsim bôsim bôsim
accusative bôse bôse bôsa
locative bôsih bôsih bôsih
instrumental bôsimi bôsimi bôsimi

Further reading edit

  • bos”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Swedish edit

Noun edit

bos

  1. indefinite genitive singular of bo

Verb edit

bos

  1. passive infinitive of bo
  2. present passive of bo

Synonyms edit

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English boss.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bos (Baybayin spelling ᜊᜓᜐ᜔) (colloquial)

  1. boss, chief, head
    Synonyms: hepe, puno
  2. a male term of address

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • boss”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Tok Pisin edit

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Etymology edit

From English boss.

Noun edit

bos

  1. boss, overseer, master
    • 1989, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin, Port Moresby: Bible Society of Papua New Guinea, Jenesis 1:26:
      Bihain God i tok olsem, “Nau yumi wokim ol manmeri bai ol i kamap olsem yumi yet. Bai yumi putim ol i stap bos bilong ol pis na ol pisin na bilong olgeta kain animal na bilong olgeta samting bilong graun.”
      →New International Version translation

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

Volapük edit

Pronoun edit

bos

  1. something

Declension edit