See also: Such and súch

English edit

 
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Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English such, swuch, swich, swilch, swulch, from Old English swelċ, from Proto-West Germanic *swalīk, from Proto-Germanic *swalīkaz (so formed, so like), equivalent to so +‎ like. Cognate with Scots swilk, sic, sik (such), Saterland Frisian suk (such), West Frisian suk, sok (such), Dutch zulk (such), Low German sölk, sulk, sülk, suk (such), German solch (such), Danish slig (like that, such), Swedish slik (such), Icelandic slíkur (such). More at so, like.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /sʌt͡ʃ/
  • (dialectal, archaic) IPA(key): /sɪt͡ʃ/, /sɛt͡ʃ/ (see sich, sech)[1]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ʌtʃ

Determiner edit

such

  1. (demonstrative) Like this, that, these, those; used to make a comparison with something implied by context.
    I’ve never seen such clouds in the sky before.  Such is life
    • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter II, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
      I had occasion […] to make a somewhat long business trip to Chicago, and on my return […] I found Farrar awaiting me in the railway station. He smiled his wonted fraction by way of greeting, […], and finally leading me to his buggy, turned and drove out of town. I was completely mystified at such an unusual proceeding.
    • 1918, W[illiam] B[abington] Maxwell, chapter II, in The Mirror and the Lamp, Indianapolis, Ind.: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, →OCLC:
      She was a fat, round little woman, richly apparelled in velvet and lace, [] ; and the way she laughed, cackling like a hen, the way she talked to the waiters and the maid, []—all these unexpected phenomena impelled one to hysterical mirth, and made one class her with such immortally ludicrous types as Ally Sloper, the Widow Twankey, or Miss Moucher.
    • 2013 June 1, “A better waterworks”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8838, page 5 (Technology Quarterly):
      An artificial kidney these days still means a refrigerator-sized dialysis machine. Such devices mimic the way real kidneys cleanse blood and eject impurities and surplus water as urine.
  2. (particularly used in formal documents) Any.
    the above address or at such other address as may be provided
  3. (degree) Used as an intensifier roughly equivalent to very much (of), quite or rather.
    The party was such a bore. "Bottomless" is such a lie.
    • 1879, R[ichard] J[efferies], chapter 1, in The Amateur Poacher, London: Smith, Elder, & Co., [], →OCLC:
      They burned the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect. And why else was he put away up there out of sight?—and so magnificent a brush as he had too. [].
    • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter IV, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
      Mr. Cooke at once began a tirade against the residents of Asquith for permitting a sandy and generally disgraceful condition of the roads. So roundly did he vituperate the inn management in particular, and with such a loud flow of words, that I trembled lest he should be heard on the veranda.
    • 1959, Georgette Heyer, chapter 1, in The Unknown Ajax:
      Charles had not been employed above six months at Darracott Place, but he was not such a whopstraw as to make the least noise in the performance of his duties when his lordship was out of humour.
    1. (exclamative) Used with gradable noun phrases to form exclamations.
      Synonym: what
      Such hypocrisy!
      Such bouncy children you have.
      Why, I was absolutely spellbound. She sings with such passion!
  4. (obsolete) A certain; representing the object as already particularized in terms which are not mentioned.

Usage notes edit

See notes for exclamative what.

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Pronoun edit

such

  1. A person, a thing, people, or things like the one or ones already mentioned.
    • 1804, Joseph Addison, Richard Steele, The Tatler, C. Whittingham, John Sharpe, page 315:
      These oraculous proficients are day and night employed in deep searches for the direction of such as run astray after their lost goods : but at present they are more particularly serviceable to their country in foretelling the fate of such as have chances in the public lottery.
    • 1913, Joseph C[rosby] Lincoln, chapter I, in Mr. Pratt’s Patients, New York, N.Y., London: D[aniel] Appleton and Company, →OCLC:
      'Twas early June, the new grass was flourishing everywheres, the posies in the yard—peonies and such—in full bloom, the sun was shining, and the water of the bay was blue, with light green streaks where the shoal showed.
    • 2000, Terry Goodkind, Faith of the Fallen, →ISBN, page 238:
      Some are just no-good locals—drunks and such—who’d just as soon beg or steal as work.

Translations edit

Noun edit

such (plural suches)

  1. (philosophy) Something being indicated that is similar to something else.
    • 1991, Frank A. Lewis, Substance and Predication in Aristotle[2]:
      But granted that Plato does not accept the this-such distinction, why saddle him with the view that all things are thises, rather than all suches or perhaps even neither?

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Stanley, Oma (1937), “I. Vowel Sounds in Stressed Syllables”, in The Speech of East Texas (American Speech: Reprints and Monographs; 2), New York: Columbia University Press, →DOI, →ISBN, § 12, page 27.

Anagrams edit

Czech edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

such n

  1. genitive plural of sucho

German edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

such

  1. singular imperative of suchen

Middle English edit

Determiner edit

such

  1. Alternative form of swich
    • 1470–1483 (date produced), Thom̃s Malleorre [i.e., Thomas Malory], “[Morte Arthur]”, in Le Morte Darthur (British Library Additional Manuscript 59678), [England: s.n.], folio 449, verso, lines 15–18:
      Than ſpake ẜ Gawayne And ſeyde brothir · ẜ Aggravayne I pray you and charge you meve no ſuch · maters no more a fore me fro wyte you well I woll nat be of youre counceyle //
      Then spoke Sir Gawain, and said, “Brother, Sir Agrivain, I pray you and charge you move not such matters any more before me, for be ye assured I will not be of your counsel.”