Last modified on 24 April 2015, at 16:56

atkarība

See also: atkarībā

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A calque of German Abhängigkeit (dependence), coined at the end of the 19th century from atkār(t) (to hang down) +‎ -ība (with atkārt from at- +‎ kārt (to hang)), together with the related term atkarīgs.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

atkarība f (4th declension)

  1. dependence (the state of that which is dependent, which is in the power, under the influence of someone, something, some country)
    koloniālā atkarība ― colonial dependence
    materiālā atkarība ― material dependence
    Kalnbirze apzinājās savu nevarību un pilnīgo atkarību no šīs sievietes ― Kalnbirze was aware of his helplessness, of his full dependence of these women
  2. dependence (a logical causal relation)
    savstarpēja atkarība ― mutual dependence, interdependence
    formas atkarība no satura ― the dependence of form on content
    augu valsts atkarība no ģeogrāfiskajiem apstākļiem ― the dependence of vegetation on geographic circumstances
    temperatūras atkarība no dažādiem faktoriem ― the dependence of temperature on several factors
  3. (in the locative, used adverbially) depending on, according to
    rīkoties atkarībā no asptākļiem ― to act according to circumstances
    Ilga saka jā, Ilga saka nē, Ilga vienkārši paloka vai pakrata galvu... atkarībā no jautājuma, atkarībā no iespējas atbildēt ― Ilga says yes, Ilga says no, Ilga nods or shakes her head... depending on the question, depending on the possibility of answering

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “atkarība” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7