atkarība

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A calque of German Abhängigkeit ‎(dependence), coined at the end of the 19th century from atkār(t) ‎(to hang down) +‎ -ība (with atkārt from at- +‎ kārt ‎(to hang)), together with the related term atkarīgs.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

atkarība f (4th declension)

  1. dependence (the state of that which is dependent, which is in the power, under the influence of someone, something, some country)
    koloniālā atkarība‎ ― colonial dependence
    materiālā atkarība‎ ― material dependence
    Kalnbirze apzinājās savu nevarību un pilnīgo atkarību no šīs sievietes‎ ― Kalnbirze was aware of his helplessness, of his full dependence of these women
  2. dependence (a logical causal relation)
    savstarpēja atkarība‎ ― mutual dependence, interdependence
    formas atkarība no satura‎ ― the dependence of form on content
    augu valsts atkarība no ģeogrāfiskajiem apstākļiem‎ ― the dependence of vegetation on geographic circumstances
    temperatūras atkarība no dažādiem faktoriem‎ ― the dependence of temperature on several factors
  3. (in the locative, used adverbially) depending on, according to
    rīkoties atkarībā no asptākļiem‎ ― to act according to circumstances
    Ilga saka jā, Ilga saka nē, Ilga vienkārši paloka vai pakrata galvu... atkarībā no jautājuma, atkarībā no iespējas atbildēt‎ ― Ilga says yes, Ilga says no, Ilga nods or shakes her head... depending on the question, depending on the possibility of answering

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “atkarība” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
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