From Middle English influence, from Old French influence (“emanation from the stars affecting one's fate”), from Medieval Latin īnfluentia, from Latin īnfluēns (“flowing in”), present active participle of īnfluō (“flow into”), from in- (“in-”) + fluō (“flow”). Doublet of influenza.
- IPA(key): /ˈɪn.flu.əns/
- Hyphenation: in‧flu‧ence
influence (countable and uncountable, plural influences)
- The power to affect, control or manipulate something or someone; the ability to change the development of fluctuating things such as conduct, thoughts or decisions.
2013 July 26, Leo Hickman, “How algorithms rule the world”, in The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 7, page 26:
The use of algorithms in policing is one example of their increasing influence on our lives. And, as their ubiquity spreads, so too does the debate around whether we should allow ourselves to become so reliant on them – and who, if anyone, is policing their use.
I have absolutely no influence over him.
- An action exerted by a person or thing with such power on another to cause change.
I'm not able to exercise influence over him.
- A person or thing exerting such power or action.
- The animals were thoroughly frightened. It seemed to them as though Snowball were some kind of invisible influence, pervading the air about them and menacing them with all kinds of dangers.
He has been a great influence on the voters during the elections.
- (astrology) An element believed to determine someone's character or individual tendencies, caused by the position of the stars and planets at the time of one's birth.
- (obsolete) The action of flowing in; influx.
- 1594, Richard Hooker, Of the Lawes of Ecclesiastical Politie
- God hath his influence into the very essence of all things.
- (electricity) Electrostatic induction.
- Adjectives often applied to "influence": cultural, political, social, economic, military, personal, moral, intellectual, mental, good, bad, positive, negative, beneficial, harmful, huge, big, heavy, significant, important, potential, actual, primary.
power to affect, control or manipulate
action exerted by a person or thing with power to cause change
person or thing exerting such power or action
(astrology) element determining someone's character or individual tendencies
action of flowing in; influx — see influx
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
influence (third-person singular simple present influences, present participle influencing, simple past and past participle influenced)
- (transitive) To have an effect on by using gentle or subtle action; to exert an influence upon; to modify, bias, or sway; to persuade or induce.
- The politician wants to influence the public.
- I must admit that this book influenced my outlook on life.
- (intransitive) To exert, make use of one's influence.
- (transitive, obsolete) To cause to flow in or into; infuse; instill.
transitive: to exert an influence upon
- Kalmyk: үлмәлх (ülmälx)
- Korean: 영향을 미치다 (yeonghyang'eul michida)
- Macedonian: влијае impf (vlijae)
- Latin: afficio (la)
- Maori: kawe, kawekawe, whakaawe, whakaaweawe
- Occitan: influir
- Old English: wyrcan, onbryrdan
- Polish: wpływać (pl) impf, wpłynąć (pl) pf
- Portuguese: influenciar (pt), influir (pt)
- Romanian: influența (ro), înrâuri (ro)
- Russian: влия́ть (ru) impf (vlijátʹ)
- Cyrillic: у̀тицати impf (Bosnian, Serbian), у̀тјецати impf (Croatian)
- Roman: ùticati (sh) impf (Bosnian, Serbian), ùtjecati (sh) impf (Croatian)
- Slovak: ovplyvňovať impf, ovplyvniť pf
- Slovene: vplivati impf
- Spanish: influir (es), influenciar (es)
- Swedish: påverka (sv), influera (sv)
- Ukrainian: вплива́ти impf (vplyváty)
- Vietnamese: ảnh hưởng (vi)
- Volapük: flunön (vo)
- Yiddish: באַאײַנפֿלוסן (baaynflusn)
intransitive: to exert influence