Latin edit

Etymology edit

From aveō (wish, desire, long for, crave) +‎ -idus.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

avidus (feminine avida, neuter avidum, comparative avidior, superlative avidissimus, adverb avidē or aviditer); first/second-declension adjective

  1. greedy, avaricious, covetous
    • 8 CE – 12 CE, Ovid, Sorrows 1.2.75-76:
      nōn ego dīvitiās avidus sine fīne parandī
      lātum mūtandīs mercibus aequor arō
      Nor [do] I, greedy of procuring wealth without end,
      plow the wide sea to trade [my] wares.
  2. eager, enthusiastic, desiring, desirous; lustful, passionate
  3. (for food) eager, hungry, voracious, gluttonous; insatiable
  4. (of space) vast, wide, large

Usage notes edit

In general, it is used with the following constructions: the genitive, in + accusative, or the dative.

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative avidus avida avidum avidī avidae avida
Genitive avidī avidae avidī avidōrum avidārum avidōrum
Dative avidō avidō avidīs
Accusative avidum avidam avidum avidōs avidās avida
Ablative avidō avidā avidō avidīs
Vocative avide avida avidum avidī avidae avida

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Catalan: àvid
  • English: avid
  • Esperanto: avido
  • French: avide
  • Galician: ávido
  • Italian: avido
  • Occitan: avid
  • Portuguese: ávido
  • Romanian: avid
  • Spanish: ávido

References edit

  • avidus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • avidus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • avidus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.