See also: VAST and väst

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French vaste, from Latin vastus (void, immense). Related to waste and German Wüste.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vast (comparative vaster or more vast, superlative vastest or most vast)

  1. Very large or wide (literally or figuratively).
    The Sahara desert is vast.
    There is a vast difference between them.
  2. Very great in size, amount, degree, intensity, or especially extent.
    • 1658, Thomas Browne, “The Garden of Cyrus. []. Chapter III.”, in Hydriotaphia, Urne-buriall, [] Together with The Garden of Cyrus, [], London: [] Hen[ry] Brome [], OCLC 48702491; reprinted as Hydriotaphia (The English Replicas), New York, N.Y.: Payson & Clarke Ltd., 1927, OCLC 78413388, page 136:
      The exiguity and ſmallneſſe of ſome ſeeds extending to large productions is one of the magnalities of nature, ſomewhat illuſtrating the work of the Creation, and vaſt production from nothing.
    • 2012 March-April, Anna Lena Phillips, “Sneaky Silk Moths”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 172:
      Last spring, the periodical cicadas emerged across eastern North America. Their vast numbers and short above-ground life spans inspired awe and irritation in humans—and made for good meals for birds and small mammals.
  3. (obsolete) Waste; desert; desolate; lonely.

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

vast (plural vasts)

  1. (poetic) A vast space.

Derived termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin vāstus.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

vast (feminine vasta, masculine plural vasts or vastos, feminine plural vastes)

  1. vast, wide

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch vast, from Old Dutch fast, from Proto-West Germanic *fastī, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz.

AdjectiveEdit

vast (comparative vaster, superlative meest vast or vastst)

  1. firm, fast, tight
  2. fixed, not moving or changing
    Kunnen we de vaste lasten dragen?
    Can we sustain the fixed costs?
  3. stuck, unable to get out
    Haar hand zat vast in het gat.
    Her hand was stuck in the hole.
  4. (chemistry) in the solid state
    Bij kamertemperatuur is het een vaste stof.
    It is a solid substance at room temperature.
  5. (botany) perennial
    Hij heeft een aantal vaste planten gepoot.
    He has planted a few perennial plants.
  6. (of a telephone) using a landline
    Is er een vaste verbinding?
    Is there a landline connection?
InflectionEdit
Inflection of vast
uninflected vast
inflected vaste
comparative vaster
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial vast vaster het vastst
het vastste
indefinite m./f. sing. vaste vastere vastste
n. sing. vast vaster vastste
plural vaste vastere vastste
definite vaste vastere vastste
partitive vasts vasters
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Afrikaans: vas
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: vasi
  • Negerhollands: vast, vas
  • ? Sranan Tongo: fasi, fasti

AdverbEdit

vast

  1. (obsolete) almost; about; close to
  2. surely, certainly
    Synonym: zeker
  3. (informal, sarcastically) sure, yeah, right
    Mijn hond at mijn huiswerk.Ja, vast!
    My dog ate my homework. — Yeah, right!

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

vast

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of vasten
  2. imperative of vasten

EstonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Of Finno-Mordvinic or Finno-Volgaic origin. Cognate to Finnish vasta, Votic vassa, Northern Sami vuostá, Erzya вастомс (vastoms, to meet; to receive), Moksha васта (vasta, place; distance) and possibly Western Mari ваштареш (βaštareš, against; across).[1]

AdverbEdit

vast

  1. maybe, possibly
  2. recently, just, now

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ vast in Metsmägi, Iris; Sedrik, Meeli; Soosaar, Sven-Erik (2012), Eesti etümoloogiasõnaraamat, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Instituut, →ISBN

LivonianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Akin to Finnish vasten

PrepositionEdit

vast

  1. against

LudianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably borrowed from Old East Slavic хвостъ (xvostŭ); see vasta.

NounEdit

vast

  1. bundle (of switches for the sauna)

Old NorseEdit

VerbEdit

vast

  1. second-person singular past active indicative of vera

RomaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Sanskrit हस्त (hasta). Compare Punjabi ਹੱਥ (hatth), Hindi हाथ (hāth), Bengali হাত (hat); compare also Persian دست(dast).

NounEdit

vast m (nominative plural vasta)

  1. (anatomy) hand

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “vast”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 297
  • Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o vast, -es- m. -a, -en-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 373

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French vaste, from Latin vastus.

AdjectiveEdit

vast m or n (feminine singular vastă, masculine plural vaști, feminine and neuter plural vaste)

  1. vast

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


VepsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably borrowed from Old East Slavic хвостъ (xvostŭ); see vasta.

NounEdit

vast

  1. bundle (of switches for the sauna)