Translingual edit

Symbol edit

bis

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Bislama.

English edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /baɪz/
  • (file)

Noun edit

bis

  1. plural of bi

Etymology 2 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin bis (twice).

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

bis (not comparable)

  1. Twice; showing that something is, or is to be, repeated, such as a passage of music, or an item in accounts.
Derived terms edit

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Albanian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin bis (twice; again!).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bis

  1. encore (brief extra performance after the main performance is complete)

Interjection edit

bis

  1. used to request an encore

Catalan edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From older bis (dark grey), of unknown origin.

Noun edit

bis m (plural bisos)

  1. either of two closely-related species of mackerel, the Atlantic chub mackerel (Scomber colias) or the Pacific chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus)
    Synonyms: bísol, cavalla, gallimó

Etymology 2 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin bis (twice).

Adverb edit

bis

  1. again

Interjection edit

bis

  1. encore

Noun edit

bis m (plural bisos)

  1. encore

Further reading edit

Cimbrian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German wise, from Old High German wisa, further etymology unknown. Cognate with German Wiese.

Noun edit

bis f (diminutive bisan) (Luserna)

  1. grass, lawn
  2. meadow

References edit

Danish edit

Noun edit

bis c

  1. genitive singular indefinite of bi

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Borrowed from German Bis.

Noun edit

bis f (uncountable)

  1. (music) B sharp

Etymology 2 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin bis. Doublet of twee and duo.

Interjection edit

bis

  1. Used to request an encore.

Esperanto edit

Etymology edit

From Latin bis.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

bis

  1. encore!

Fiji Hindi edit

Etymology edit

From Hindi बीस (bīs).

Numeral edit

bis

  1. twenty

French edit

Etymology 1 edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bis m pl or f pl

  1. plural of bi

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin bysseus (cotton-coloured); cf. Italian bigio.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

bis (feminine bise, masculine plural bis, feminine plural bises)

  1. beige (colour)
  2. brown (of bread that contains bran)

Etymology 3 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin bis (twice).

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

bis

  1. again (a second time); encore
  2. (in street numbering or law) A; designating a second thing with the same number
    12 bis, rue des Carmelites12A, rue des Carmelites
Descendants edit
  • Vietnamese: bis

Adjective edit

bis (invariable)

  1. alternative, secondary

Noun edit

bis m (plural bis)

  1. encore

Interjection edit

bis

  1. used to request an encore

Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

From bise.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bis m (plural bis)

  1. (Quebec) kiss

Further reading edit

German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German biz, bit, bitze, from (by) + ze (to). Equivalent to modern bei/be- and zu. Compare German Low German bit (until), Saterland Frisian bit (until).

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

bis

  1. (subordinating, temporal) until
    Wir warten hier, bis das Gewitter vorbei ist.
    We'll wait here until the thunderstorm is over.
  2. (coordinating) to
    Ich arbeite 40 bis 50 Stunden in der Woche.
    I work 40 to 50 hours a week.
    Ihre Haare sind braun bis dunkelbraun.
    Her hair is brown to dark brown.

Preposition edit

bis

  1. (temporal) until, to, (US) through
    Meine Tochter ist bis zwei Uhr in der Schule.
    My daughter is at school until two o'clock.
    Ich war von Montag bis Freitag krank.
    I was sick from Monday to Friday.
  2. (temporal) by
    Die Aufgabe muss bis Donnerstag fertig sein.
    The task must be complete by Thursday.
  3. (local) to; all the way to
    Der Zug fährt bis Köln.
    The train goes to Cologne.

Usage notes edit

  • The temporal preposition bis can be followed by temporal adverbs of all kind: bis nachmittags (until afternoon), bis jetzt (until now). Moreover it can be followed by times, dates, holidays, days of the week, months, or years. The words Woche (week), Monat (month), and Jahr (year), as well as the names of days and months may also be preceded by letzter, voriger, dieser, kommender, or nächster. Bis takes the accusative. For example: bis letzte Woche (until last week); bis nächsten Freitag (by next Friday).
  • The local preposition bis can be followed by local adverbs of all kind (e.g. bis hier (over here)) and by place names (see above).
  • In other cases, bis must be followed by another preposition, most commonly zu (to): bis zum Sommer (until summer); bis zum ersten Freitag im neuen Jahr (by the first Friday of the new year); bis zum Hauptbahnhof (to the main station). This means that bis is never directly followed by a definite or indefinite article. Sometimes other prepositions may also be used after bis: Er ging bis ans Ufer. (He went close to the shore).

Derived terms edit

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbɪs]
  • Hyphenation: bis

Etymology 1 edit

From Dutch bus (container, box) Compare to Dutch brievenbus (letterbox, mailbox, post box).

Noun edit

bis (first-person possessive bisku, second-person possessive bismu, third-person possessive bisnya)

  1. letterbox, mailbox, post box.
    Synonym: kotak surat
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Dutch bus (bus, omnibus), shortening of omnibus, from Latin omnibus (for everything/all); dative plural of omnis (all).

Noun edit

bis (first-person possessive bisku, second-person possessive bismu, third-person possessive bisnya)

  1. Nonstandard form of bus (bus).

Etymology 3 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin bis (twice).

Adverb edit

bis

  1. (colloquial) twice.

Etymology 4 edit

From Dutch bies (piping), from Middle Dutch biese, from Old Dutch *biesa, from Proto-West Germanic *beusu.

Noun edit

bis (first-person possessive bisku, second-person possessive bismu, third-person possessive bisnya)

  1. pipe, piping
    1. a hollow conduit or something resembling a tube.
    2. decorative edging stitched to the hems or seams of an object made of fabric.
      Synonym: pelisir
  2. vessel, tube, duct
    Synonym: pembuluh

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from Latin bis (twice).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbis/
  • Rhymes: -is
  • Hyphenation: bìs

Noun edit

bis m (invariable)

  1. encore
  2. repetition
  3. duo (two varieties as a unit)
    Un bis di baccalà
    Two varieties of salt cod

Adjective edit

bis (invariable)

  1. additional

Further reading edit

  • bis in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Latin edit

Latin numbers (edit)
20[a], [b], [c]
 ←  1 II
2
3  → 
    Cardinal: duo
    Ordinal: secundus, alter
    Adverbial: bis
    Multiplier: duplex, duplus
    Distributive: bīnus
    Collective: bīniō
    Fractional: dīmidius, sēmis

Etymology edit

From duis (Old Latin mentioned by Cicero), from Proto-Indo-European *dwís (in two, twice, doubly), adverb derived from *dwóh₁ (two); compare Ancient Greek δίς (dís), Sanskrit द्विस् (dvís). Doublet of dis-.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

bis (not comparable)

  1. twice, two times, on two occasions, in two ways
    • 23 BCE – 13 BCE, Horace, Odes 3.9:
      Me torret face mutua / Thurini Calais filius Ornyti, / pro quo bis patiar mori, / si parcent puero fata superstiti.
      I love my own fond lover, / Young Calais, son of Thurian Ornytus: / For him I'd die twice over, / Would Fate but spare the sweet survivor thus.
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 2.217-219:
      “[...] et iam / bis medium amplexī, bis collō squāmea circum / terga datī [...].”
      “[...] and soon, twice [the serpents] had encircled [Laocoön’s] body, twice around [his] neck with [their] scaly backs [...].” – Aeneas
    falli bis
    to be deceived twice
    • (post-Classical)
      Familia mea bis in hebdomade ad ecclesiam it.
      My family goes to the church twice a week.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Albanian: bis (learned)
  • Catalan: bis (learned)
  • Dutch: bis (learned)
  • English: bis (learned)
  • French: bis (learned)
    • Vietnamese: bis (learned)
  • Italian: bis (learned)
  • Polish: bis (learned)
  • Portuguese: bis (learned)
  • Spanish: bis (learned)

Further reading edit

  • bis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be absolutely ignorant of arithmetic: bis bina quot sint non didicisse
    • twice consul: bis consul
  • bis”, in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Luxembourgish edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German biz, bit, bitze, from (by) + ze (to). See German bis.

Pronunciation edit

Conjunction edit

bis

  1. until (something becomes true)
    Mir waarde mam Iessen, bis datt eis Gäscht all ukomm sinn.
    We are waiting with the food until all our guests have arrived.
  2. between ... and
    Zeideg Quidde moosse 7 bis 12 Zentimeter laang.
    Mature quinces measure between 7 and 12 centimetres long.

Preposition edit

bis

  1. until (a certain time)
    D'Metzlerei ass bis fënnef Auer nomëttes op.
    The butcher's is open until five in the afternoon.
  2. up to, to
    Hire Jong ka scho bis zéng zielen.
    Their son can already count up to ten.

Maltese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Italian bis.

Pronunciation edit

Interjection edit

bis

  1. Used to request an encore

Related terms edit

Middle English edit

Etymology edit

A version of bith with the third-person singular ending replaced with -es as in other verbs (in some dialects).

Verb edit

bis

  1. Alternative form of bith

Navajo edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

bis

  1. adobe, clay, clod, cake of dirt

Polish edit

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin bis (twice).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /bis/
  • Rhymes: -is
  • Syllabification: bis

Noun edit

bis m inan

  1. encore (brief extra performance, done after the main performance is complete)
    podwójny bisdouble encore
    potrójny bistriple encore
    domagać się bisuto demanda encore
    wykonywać/wykonać bisto perform an encore
    zagrać bisto play an encore
    zakończyć się bisemto end with an encore
    prosić/poprosić o bisto ask for an encore

Declension edit

Interjection edit

bis

  1. encore!

Adjective edit

bis (not comparable, no derived adverb)

  1. (colloquial) repeat, extra
    Synonyms: bisowy, powtórzony, dodatkowy
    Unia Europejska bisrepeat European Union
    PRL bisrepeat Polish People's Republic

Derived terms edit

adjective
verb

Further reading edit

  • bis in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • bis in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

 

  • Rhymes: (Brazil) -is, (Portugal, Rio de Janeiro) -iʃ
  • Hyphenation: bis

Etymology 1 edit

Learned borrowing from Latin bis (twice).

Adverb edit

bis (not comparable)

  1. bis (shows that something is to be repeated)

Noun edit

bis m (invariable)

  1. encore (brief extra performance)
  2. (by extension, informal) a second serving of something
Derived terms edit

Interjection edit

bis!

  1. encore! (used by an audience to request a second performance)

Etymology 2 edit

Noun edit

bis m or f

  1. plural of bi

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French bis.

Noun edit

bis n (plural bisuri)

  1. bis, encore, repeat

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

From Latin bis (two times).

Noun edit

bis m (plural bises)

  1. encore

Related terms edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Noun edit

bis

  1. indefinite genitive singular of bi

Vietnamese edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French bis, from Latin bis (twice).

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

bis

  1. (in street numbering) a; designating a second thing with the same number.

See also edit

References edit

  • Đỗ Phi Hùng (2012-02-13), “Vẫn loay hoay trong "mê hồn trận" số nhà”, in Tuổi Trẻ[2] (in Vietnamese), Ho Chi Minh City, retrieved 2022-03-12

Yucatec Maya edit

Pronunciation edit

IPA(key): /ɓis/

Verb edit

bis (transitive)

  1. to take, to carry

Conjugation edit

References edit

  • Gómez Navarrete, Javier A. (2009) Diccionario Introductorio Español-Maya, Maya-Español[3] (in Spanish), Chetumal: Universidad de Quintana Roo, archived from the original on 2010-10-11, page 119: “BIS