See also: Trump

English

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

Possibly from French triomphe (triumph) or Old French triumphe.

Noun

trump (plural trumps)

  1. (card games) The suit, in a game of cards, that outranks all others.
    Diamonds were declared trump(s).
  2. (card games) A playing card of that suit.
    He played an even higher trump.
  3. (figurative) Something that gives one an advantage, especially one held in reserve.
  4. (colloquial, now rare) An excellent person; a fine fellow, a good egg.
  5. An old card game, almost identical to whist; the game of ruff.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Decker to this entry?)
  6. A card of the major arcana of the tarot.
Usage notes

For the top-ranking suit as a whole, American usage favors the singular trump and British usage the plural trumps.

Translations

Verb

trump (third-person singular simple present trumps, present participle trumping, simple past and past participle trumped)

  1. (transitive, card games) To play on (a card of another suit) with a trump.
    He knew the hand was lost when his ace was trumped.
  2. (intransitive, card games) To play a trump, or to take a trick with a trump.
  3. (transitive) To get the better of, or finesse, a competitor.
  4. (transitive, dated) To impose unfairly; to palm off.
    • 1699, Charles Leslie, A Short and Easy Method with the Deists
      Authors have been trumped upon us.
  5. (transitive) To supersede.
    In this election, it would seem issues of national security trumped economic issues.
  6. (transitive) To outweigh; be stronger, greater, bigger than or in other way superior to.
Synonyms
  • (to play a trump card on another suit): ruff
  • (to get the better of a competitor): outsmart
Coordinate terms
Derived terms
Translations

Etymology 2

From Middle English trumpe, trompe (trumpet) from Old French trompe (horn, trump, trumpet), from Frankish *trumpa, *trumba (trumpet), from a common Germanic word of imitative origin.

Akin to Old High German trumpa, trumba (horn, trumpet), Middle Dutch tromme (drum), Middle Low German trumme (drum). More at trumpet, drum.

Noun

trump (plural trumps)

  1. (archaic) A trumpet.
    • 1611, King James Bible, 1 Corinthians 15:52:
      In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible
    • 1798, Joseph Hopkinson, “Hail, Columbia”:
      Sound, sound the trump of fame,
  2. (slang, Britain, childish, vulgar) Flatulence.
  3. The noise made by an elephant through its trunk.
Derived terms

Verb

trump (third-person singular simple present trumps, present participle trumping, simple past and past participle trumped)

  1. To blow a trumpet.
  2. (intransitive, slang, Britain, childish, vulgar) To flatulate.
    And without warning me, as he lay there, he suddenly trumped next to me in bed.

Etymology 3

Shortening of Jew's-trump, which may be from French jeu-trump, jeu tromp, jeu trompe (a trump, or toy, to play with).

Noun

trump (plural trumps)

  1. (dated, music) Synonym of Jew's harp.

Further reading