See also: Trump

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Possibly from French triomphe (triumph) or Old French triumphe. If so, it is a doublet of triumph and thriambus.

NounEdit

trump (plural trumps)

  1. (card games) The suit, in a game of cards, that outranks all others.
    Diamonds were declared trump(s).
    • 1730, Jonathan Swift, "Death And Daphne," in Some Verse Pieces:
      And now her Heart with Pleasure jumps,
      She scarce remembers what is Trumps.
  2. (card games) A playing card of that suit.
    He played an even higher trump.
  3. (figuratively) Something that gives one an advantage, especially one held in reserve.
  4. (colloquial, now rare) An excellent person; a fine fellow, a good egg.
  5. An old card game, almost identical to whist; the game of ruff.
    • c. 1529, Hugh Latimer, Sermons on the Card
      There be many one that breaketh this carde, [] and playeth there with oftentimes at the blinde trompe, wherby they be no winners but great losers
    • 1598, John Florio, “Trump”, in A Worlde of Words, or Most Copious, and Exact Dictionarie in Italian and English, [], London: [] Arnold Hatfield for Edw[ard] Blount, OCLC 222555892:
      Trionfo, [] also a trump at cards, or the play called trump or ruff.
  6. A card of the major arcana of the tarot.
Usage notesEdit

For the top-ranking suit as a whole, American usage favors the singular trump and British usage the plural trumps.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

trump (third-person singular simple present trumps, present participle trumping, simple past and past participle trumped)

  1. (transitive, card games) To play on (a card of another suit) with a trump.
    He knew the hand was lost when his ace was trumped.
  2. (intransitive, card games) To play a trump, or to take a trick with a trump.
  3. (transitive) To get the better of, or finesse, a competitor.
    • 1629 (first performance), B[en] Jonson, The Nevv Inne. Or, The Light Heart. [], London: [] Thomas Harper, for Thomas Alchorne, [], published 1631, OCLC 913380815, (please specify the page, or act number in uppercase Roman numerals), (please specify the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
      , Act 1, Scene 3
      to trick or trump mankind
  4. (transitive, dated) To impose unfairly; to palm off.
    • 1699, Charles Leslie, A Short and Easy Method with the Deists
      Authors have been trumped upon us.
  5. (transitive) To supersede.
    In this election, it would seem issues of national security trumped economic issues.
  6. (transitive) To outweigh; be stronger, greater, bigger than or in other way superior to.
SynonymsEdit
  • (to play a trump card on another suit): ruff
  • (to get the better of a competitor): outsmart
Coordinate termsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English trumpe, trompe (trumpet) from Old French trompe (horn, trump, trumpet), from Frankish *trumpa, *trumba (trumpet), from a common Germanic word of imitative origin.

Akin to Old High German trumpa, trumba (horn, trumpet), Middle Dutch tromme (drum), Middle Low German trumme (drum). More at trumpet, drum.

NounEdit

trump (plural trumps)

  1. (archaic) A trumpet.
    • 1611, King James Bible, 1 Corinthians 15:52:
      In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible
    • 1798, Joseph Hopkinson, “Hail, Columbia”:
      Sound, sound the trump of fame,
  2. (slang, UK, childish, vulgar) Flatulence.
  3. The noise made by an elephant through its trunk.
Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

trump (third-person singular simple present trumps, present participle trumping, simple past and past participle trumped)

  1. To blow a trumpet.
  2. (intransitive, slang, UK, childish, vulgar) To flatulate.
    And without warning me, as he lay there, he suddenly trumped next to me in bed.

Etymology 3Edit

Shortening of Jew's-trump, which may be from French jeu-trump, jeu tromp, jeu trompe (a trump, or toy, to play with).

NounEdit

trump (plural trumps)

  1. (dated, music) Synonym of Jew's harp.

Further readingEdit