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LatvianEdit

 
Tanka bruņas (3)
 
Bruņuvilciens (4)
 
Bruņurupuča bruņas (2)
 
Bruņas (1)

EtymologyEdit

Together with its Old Prussian cognate brunyos, a borrowing either from Gothic 𐌱𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌾𐍉 (brunjo, breastplate) or from Old High German brunja (breastplate) (compare German Brünne (coat of mail, mail shirt)), either directly, or via a Slavic language (compare Old Church Slavonic брънѩ (brŭnję), Russian броня́ (bronjá, armor, breastplate)).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bruņas f (4th declension) (plural only)

  1. (historical) armor (metal suit or cover that protects the body or a part of it during fights)
    tērauda, dzelzs bruņassteel, iron armor
    galvas, krūšu, roku bruņashead, chest, arm armor
    kaldināt bruņasto forge an armor
    uzvilkt bruņasto put on an armor
    bruņās tērpts jātnieksa knight dressed in armor
  2. (zoology) protective layer or shell on animals, often made of bone or horn
    kaula bruņasbone protective layer
    bruņurupuča bruņasturtle shell
  3. (military) armor (protective layer of metal which covers warships, military equipment, etc.)
    kreisera, tanka bruņascruiser, tank armor
  4. (usually in genitive) armored, provided with a protective metal layer
    bruņu vilciens, bruņuvilciens — armored train
    bruņu cepure, bruņucepurehelmet, hard hat (lit. armored hat)
    bruņu krekls, tērpsarmored shirt, vest

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “bruņas”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7