From Proto-Italic *kandēō, from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kand- (to shine, glow).

See also Ancient Greek κάνδαρος (kándaros, charcoal), Albanian hënë (moon), Sanskrit चन्द्र (candrá, shining) and Old Armenian խանդ (xand).



candeō (present infinitive candēre, perfect active canduī); second conjugation, no passive, no supine stem

  1. I am brilliant, glittering or illuminated; I shine, glitter, glisten; gleam white.
  2. I glow (with heat), I am glowing hot, I am hot.


   Conjugation of candeō (second conjugation, no supine stem, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present candeō candēs candet candēmus candētis candent
imperfect candēbam candēbās candēbat candēbāmus candēbātis candēbant
future candēbō candēbis candēbit candēbimus candēbitis candēbunt
perfect canduī canduistī canduit canduimus canduistis canduērunt, canduēre
pluperfect candueram canduerās canduerat canduerāmus canduerātis canduerant
future perfect canduerō candueris canduerit canduerimus candueritis canduerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present candeam candeās candeat candeāmus candeātis candeant
imperfect candērem candērēs candēret candērēmus candērētis candērent
perfect canduerim canduerīs canduerit canduerīmus canduerītis canduerint
pluperfect canduissem canduissēs canduisset canduissēmus canduissētis canduissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present candē candēte
future candētō candētō candētōte candentō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives candēre canduisse
participles candēns
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
candendī candendō candendum candendō

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Italian: candire, candeggiare


  • candeo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • candeo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • candeo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette