Hokkien edit

For pronunciation and definitions of chân – see (“Classifier for things arranged in layers, storeys or levels., Classifier for events.”).
(This term is the pe̍h-ōe-jī form of ).

Muong edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Vietic *ɟiːŋ (leg, foot), from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɟuŋ ~ *ɟuəŋ ~ *ɟəŋ (leg, foot). Cognate with Vietnamese chân, Pacoh adyưng, Bahnar jơ̆ng, Khmer ជើង (cəəng), Mon ဇိုၚ်, Jah Hut jong, Jehai can.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

chân

  1. foot
  2. leg

Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Nguyễn Văn Khang; Bùi Chỉ; Hoàng Văn Hành (2002) Từ điển Mường - Việt (Muong - Vietnamese dictionary), Nhà xuất bản Văn hoá Dân tộc Hà Nội

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Vietic *ɟiːŋ (leg, foot), from Proto-Mon-Khmer *ɟuŋ ~ *ɟuəŋ ~ *ɟəŋ (leg, foot). Cognate with Muong chân, Pacoh adyưng, Bahnar jơ̆ng, Khmer ជើង (cəəng), Mon ဇိုၚ်, Jah Hut jong, Jehai can.

Final velar *-ŋ was palatalized to *-ɲ after front vowel; this new form with *-ɲ (reconstructed as Proto-Viet-Muong *ciɲ by Ferlus) then gave rise to the modern form with ‹n›. See also lên, đến, cù lần for other instances of palatalization of *-ŋ after front vowels.

Alternative forms edit

  • (Central Vietnam, Southern Vietnam) chơn
  • (Central Vietnam, Southern Vietnam) chưn

Noun edit

chân (, 𧽍, 𨈃)

  1. (anatomy) a foot
  2. a leg
    Synonyms: giò, cẳng
    chân dàilong legs
    chân dài tới nách(of a woman) having long, thin and sexy legs (literally, “legs extended all the way to the armpits”)
    chân ghếthe legs of a chair
  3. (of a mountain or hill) a foot
    chân núi/đồithe foot of a mountain/hill
See also edit
Derived terms

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from .

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

chân

  1. (rare, chiefly philosophy or art) truth
    chân, thiện, mĩTruth, Goodness, Beauty
See also edit
Derived terms

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

chân

  1. Aspirate mutation of cân.

Verb edit

chân

  1. Aspirate mutation of cân.

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cân gân nghân chân
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.