See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 尸金田日 (SCWA), four-corner 77266, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 303, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7798
  • Dae Jaweon: page 601, character 34
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 981, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5C64

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
層-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zɯːŋ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *ʔsɯːŋ, *zɯːŋ)

PronunciationEdit

Note: This character is used as a substitute for Min Nan chàn, which may be etymologically unrelated.


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (15)
Final: (129)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: céng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zʱəŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
céng ‹ dzong › /*N-s-tˤəŋ/ in two storeys, double
céng ‹ dzong › /*m-s-tˤəŋ/ additional floor, field

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16626 0 /*zɯːŋ/

NounEdit

  1. story, layer, floor, stratum

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. layer, level

ReadingsEdit

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cheung) (hangeul , revised cheung, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŭng)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tằng, tầng, tàng, từng)

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