English

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Mid 16th century, via Middle French, from Latin bīlis (bile).

Noun

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bile (usually uncountable, plural biles)

  1. A bitter brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow secretion produced by the liver, stored in the gall bladder, and discharged into the duodenum where it aids the process of digestion.
  2. Bitterness of temper; ill humour; irascibility.
  3. Two of the four humours, black bile or yellow bile, in ancient and medieval physiology.
    • 1890, Walter Scott, The Journal of Sir Walter Scott[1]:
      I shall tire of my Journal if it is to contain nothing but biles and plasters and unguents.
    • 1616, Alexander Roberts, A Treatise of Witchcraft[2]:
      He spake out of the Pythonesse, Act. 16. 17. brought downe fire from heauen, and consumed Iobs sheepe 7000. and his seruants, raised a storme, strooke the house wherein his sonnes and daughters feasted with their elder brother, smote the foure corners of it, with the ruine whereof they all were destroyed, and perished: and ouerspread the body of that holy Saint their father with botches[t] and biles from the sole of his foot to the crowne of his head.
Synonyms
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Derived terms
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Translations
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Etymology 2

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Obsolete form of boil. Akin to Dutch buil and German Beule, all from Proto-Germanic *būlǭ.

Noun

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bile (plural biles)

  1. (obsolete) A boil (kind of swelling).[1]

Verb

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bile (third-person singular simple present biles, present participle biling or bileing, simple past and past participle biled)

  1. Pronunciation spelling of boil.
    • 1912, Stella George Stern Perry, Melindy, page 130:
      We pretty near biled ourselves and Miss Euly done got her bes' pink apron stained, an' I dropped Sis Suky's big kitchen spoon in de hogshead of sand []

References

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Anagrams

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Albanian

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Etymology 1

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Either related to bolle pl (testicles), or a singularized plural of *bilë, from Proto-Albanian *beila, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeyH- (to strike, beat), in which case close to Proto-Germanic *bilją (spike, peg, nail, axe, sword, blade). Compare English bill, German Bille (axe).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bile f (plural bile, definite bilja, definite plural bilet)

  1. (childish) weenie (penis)
Declension
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Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Particle

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bile

  1. (colloquial) Reinforces what has already been said; even, in fact, furthermore
    Synonym: madje
    bile bileas a matter of fact

References

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  • bile”, in FGJSH: Fjalor i gjuhës shqipe [Dictionary of the Albanian language] (in Albanian), 2006

French

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Etymology

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From Latin bilis.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bile f (uncountable)

  1. bile

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Irish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Irish bile, from Proto-Celtic *belyom (tree), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰolh₃yom (leaf).

Noun

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bile m (genitive singular bile, nominative plural bilí)

  1. tree, especially a large, ancient, sacred one
  2. scion; distinguished person
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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See béal (lip)

Noun

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bile m (genitive singular bile, nominative plural bilí)

  1. rim (of vessel)

Declension

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Mutation

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Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bile bhile mbile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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Italian

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Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin bīlis.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈbi.le/
  • Rhymes: -ile
  • Hyphenation: bì‧le

Noun

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bile f (plural bili)

  1. (physiology) bile
  2. anger

Derived terms

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See also

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Anagrams

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Latin

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Noun

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bīle

  1. ablative singular of bīlis

Norwegian Bokmål

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Pronunciation

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IPA(key): /²biːl.ə/

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Middle Low German bīle (axe).

Noun

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bile f or m (definite singular bila or bilen, indefinite plural biler, definite plural bilene)

  1. An axe, espescially a broadaxe

Etymology 2

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From bil.

Verb

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bile (present tense biler, past tense bilte, past participle bilt)

  1. To ride a car

References

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“bile” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk

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Pronunciation

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IPA(key): /²biːl.ə/

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Middle Low German bīle (axe).

Noun

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bile f (definite singular bila, indefinite plural biler, definite plural bilene)

  1. An axe, espescially a broadaxe

Etymology 2

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From bil.

Verb

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bile (present tense bilar or biler, past tense bila or bilte, past participle bila or bilt)

  1. To ride a car

References

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“bile” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Old Irish

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Etymology

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From Proto-Celtic *belyos (tree), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰolyo- (leaf). Cognate with Latin folium, Ancient Greek φύλλον (phúllon), and Old Armenian բողբոջ (bołboǰ).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bile m (genitive bili, nominative plural bili)

  1. tree, especially a large, ancient, sacred one

Declension

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Masculine io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bile bileL biliL
Vocative bili bileL biliu
Accusative bileN bileL biliuH
Genitive biliL bileL bileN
Dative biliuL bilib bilib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Irish: bile
  • Manx: billey

Mutation

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Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bile bile
pronounced with /β(ʲ)-/
mbile
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References

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Portuguese

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Latin bilis.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: bi‧le

Noun

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bile f (uncountable)

  1. gall; bile
    Synonyms: fel, bílis

Romanian

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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bile f

  1. inflection of bilă:
    1. indefinite plural
    2. indefinite genitive/dative singular

Scottish Gaelic

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Etymology 1

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From Old Irish bél (lip).[1] Related to beul.

Noun

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bile f (genitive singular bile, plural bilean)

  1. lip (of mouth)
  2. rim (of container)
  3. brim (of hat)

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from English bill.

Noun

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bile m (genitive singular bile, plural bilean)

  1. bill (for law)

References

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  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 419

Serbo-Croatian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish بیله (bile) (Turkish bile).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /bǐle/
  • Hyphenation: bi‧le

Adverb

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bìle (Cyrillic spelling бѝле)

  1. (regional) moreover, even
    bile je i on došao čak i on
    even he came

Participle

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bile (Cyrillic spelling биле)

  1. feminine plural active past participle of biti

Turkish

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Etymology

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From Ottoman Turkish بیله (bile), from Proto-Turkic *bile (with, together, also). Cognate with Turkish ile.

Conjunction

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bile

  1. neither, even

West Frisian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle Dutch bile or Middle Low German bîle, bîl (axe), both ultimately from Proto-Germanic *bilją.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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bile c (plural bilen, diminutive byltsje)

  1. axe

Further reading

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  • bile”, in Wurdboek fan de Fryske taal (in Dutch), 2011

Yola

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Etymology

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From Middle English boillen, from Old French boillir. This is a vulgar pronunciation in Ireland.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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bile (simple past bilethe or bilo't)

  1. to boil

Derived terms

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References

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  • Jacob Poole (d. 1827) (before 1828) William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, published 1867, page 26