See also: Spleen

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English splene, splen, borrowed from Anglo-Norman espleen and Old French esplein, esplen, from Latin splēn (milt), from Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn, the spleen). Doublet of lien. Partially displaced the native English term milt.

PronunciationEdit

  • enPR: splēn, IPA(key): /spliːn/
  • Rhymes: -iːn
  • (file)

NounEdit

spleen (countable and uncountable, plural spleens)

  1. (anatomy, immunology) In vertebrates, including humans, a ductless vascular gland, located in the left upper abdomen near the stomach, which destroys old red blood cells, removes debris from the bloodstream, acts as a reservoir of blood, and produces lymphocytes.
  2. (archaic, except in the set phrase "to vent one's spleen") A bad mood; spitefulness.
    • 1709, [Alexander Pope], An Essay on Criticism, London: Printed for W. Lewis [], published 1711, OCLC 15810849:
      In noble minds some dregs remain, / Not yet purged off, of spleen and sour disdain.
    • 1843, “A Voice from Trinidad”, in Colonial Magazine and Commercial-maritime Journal, page 465:
      Too many, however, who might take an honourable stand, fear the petty spleen of the plantocracy; preferring the most disgusting adulation, to the blessing of him ready to perish.
  3. (obsolete, rare) A sudden motion or action; a fit; a freak; a whim.
  4. (obsolete) Melancholy; hypochondriacal affections.
  5. A fit of immoderate laughter or merriment.

SynonymsEdit

  • milt (now chiefly of animals); lien (uncommon)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • French: spleen
  • German: Spleen

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

spleen (third-person singular simple present spleens, present participle spleening, simple past and past participle spleened)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To dislike.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bishop Hacket to this entry?)

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English spleen in the 19th century.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spleen m (plural spleens)

  1. bad mood, melancholy
    J'ai le spleen.
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

SynonymsEdit

Further readingEdit