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See also: Spleen

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EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Old French esplen, from Latin splēn, from Ancient Greek σπλήν (splḗn, the spleen). Partially displaced the native English term milt.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spleen (countable and uncountable, plural spleens)

  1. (anatomy, immunology) In vertebrates, including humans, a ductless vascular gland, located in the left upper abdomen near the stomach, which destroys old red blood cells, removes debris from the bloodstream, acts as a reservoir of blood, and produces lymphocytes.
  2. (archaic, except in the set phrase "to vent one's spleen") A bad mood; spitefulness.
    • Alexander Pope
      In noble minds some dregs remain, / Not yet purged off, of spleen and sour disdain.
  3. (obsolete, rare) A sudden motion or action; a fit; a freak; a whim.
    • Shakespeare
      A thousand spleens bear her a thousand ways.
  4. (obsolete) Melancholy; hypochondriacal affections.
    • Alexander Pope
      Bodies changed to various forms by spleen.
    • Wordsworth
      There is a luxury in self-dispraise: / And inward self-disparagement affords / To meditative spleen a grateful feast.
  5. A fit of immoderate laughter or merriment.
    • Shakespeare
      Thy silly thought enforces my spleen.

SynonymsEdit

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Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

spleen (third-person singular simple present spleens, present participle spleening, simple past and past participle spleened)

  1. (obsolete, transitive) To dislike.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bishop Hacket to this entry?)

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English spleen.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

spleen m (plural spleens)

  1. bad mood, melancholy
    J'ai le spleen.

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit