See also: Civilis

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From cīvis (citizen) +‎ -īlis.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

cīvīlis (neuter cīvīle, comparative cīvīlior, superlative cīvīlissimus, adverb cīvīliter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. civic, civil (of or pertaining to citizens)
  2. public, political (of or pertaining to public or political life)
  3. (figuratively) courteous, polite, civil, affable, urbane

Declension edit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative cīvīlis cīvīle cīvīlēs cīvīlia
Genitive cīvīlis cīvīlium
Dative cīvīlī cīvīlibus
Accusative cīvīlem cīvīle cīvīlēs
Ablative cīvīlī cīvīlibus
Vocative cīvīlis cīvīle cīvīlēs cīvīlia

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Catalan: civil
  • Danish: civil
  • English: civil
  • French: civil
  • Friulian: civîl
  • Italian: civile
  • ? Ladin: zevil
  • Piedmontese: civil
  • Portuguese: cível, civil
  • Romanian: civil
  • Spanish: civil

References edit

  • civilis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • civilis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • civilis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • civilis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to teach some one letters: erudire aliquem artibus, litteris (but erudire aliquem in iure civili, in re militari)
    • statesmen: viri rerum civilium, rei publicae gerendae periti or viri in re publica prudentes
    • statesmanship; political wisdom: prudentia (civilis) (De Or. 1. 19. 85)
    • political questions: res civiles
    • to enter the whirlpool of political strife: se civilibus fluctibus committere
  • civilis”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers