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See also: ilis

Contents

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-eli-, from *-los.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ilis m, f (neuter -ile); third declension

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective noun of relation, frequently passive, to the verb or root.
Usage notesEdit
Examples:
agilis (that may be acted), from agō (to act)
habilis (that may be had), from habeō (to have)
fragilis (that may be broken), from frangō (to break)
InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -ilis -ile -ilēs -ilia
genitive -ilis -ilium
dative -ilī -ilibus
accusative -ilem -ile -ilēs -ilia
ablative -ilī -ilibus
vocative -ilis -ile -ilēs -ilia
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Originally from the above -ilis added to i stems, later used freely.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-īlis m, f (neuter -īle); third declension

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective noun, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.
Usage notesEdit
Examples:
hostīlis (of the enemy, unfriendly, hostile), from hostis (enemy)
puerīlis (of boys, boyish, immature), from puer (boy)
InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia
genitive -īlis -īlium
dative -īlī -īlibus
accusative -īlem -īle -īlēs -īlia
ablative -īlī -īlibus
vocative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia

See alsoEdit