See also: ilis

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Indo-European *-eli-, from *-lós.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-ilis (neuter -ile, comparative -ilior, superlative -illimus or -ilissimus); third-declension two-termination suffix

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective noun of relation, frequently passive, to the verb or root.
Usage notesEdit
Examples:
agilis (that may be acted), from agō (to act)
fragilis (that may be broken), from frangō (to break)
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -ilis -ile -ilēs -ilia
Genitive -ilis -ilium
Dative -ilī -ilibus
Accusative -ilem -ile -ilēs
-ilīs
-ilia
Ablative -ilī -ilibus
Vocative -ilis -ile -ilēs -ilia
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit


DescendantsEdit
  • Aromanian: -ilji
  • Catalan: -il
  • English: -ile
  • French: -ile

Etymology 2Edit

Originally from the above -ilis added to i stems, later used freely.

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

-īlis (neuter -īle); third-declension two-termination suffix

  1. -ile; used to form an adjective noun, usually from a noun, indicating a relationship or a pertaining to.
Usage notesEdit
Examples:
hostīlis (of the enemy, unfriendly, hostile), from hostis (enemy)
puerīlis (of boys, boyish, immature), from puer (boy)
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia
Genitive -īlis -īlium
Dative -īlī -īlibus
Accusative -īlem -īle -īlēs
-īlīs
-īlia
Ablative -īlī -īlibus
Vocative -īlis -īle -īlēs -īlia

See alsoEdit