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Alternative formsEdit


From con- +‎ mūnus. Cognate with Old English ġemǣne (common). More at mean.



commūnis (neuter commūne); third declension

  1. common, ordinary, commonplace, universal
  2. of or for the community, public
  3. democratic; representing the common sentiment
  4. (of manners) familiar, accessible, courteous
  5. (grammar) having both qualities of a subdivided category, such as a verb with both an active and a passive meaning, or a syllable being either long or short.


Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative commūnis commūne commūnēs commūnia
genitive commūnis commūnium
dative commūnī commūnibus
accusative commūnem commūne commūnēs commūnia
ablative commūnī commūnibus
vocative commūnis commūne commūnēs commūnia


Derived termsEdit



  • communis in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • communis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “communis”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • communis” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to considerably (in no way) further the common good: multum (nihil) ad communem utilitatem afferre
    • to accommodate something to the standard of the popular intelligence: ad intellegentiam communem or popularem accommodare aliquid
    • to express oneself in popular language: ad vulgarem sensum or ad communem opinionem orationem accommodare (Off. 2. 10. 35)
    • (ambiguous) we know from experience: usu rerum (vitae, vitae communis) edocti sumus
    • (ambiguous) unanimously: uno, communi, summo or omnium consensu (Tusc. 1. 15. 35)
    • (ambiguous) the ordinary usage of language, everyday speech: communis sermonis consuetudo
    • (ambiguous) to be always considering what people think: multum communi hominum opinioni tribuere