From cīvis (“citizen”) + -itās.
(Classical) IPA(key): /ˈki.wi.tas/, [ˈkɪ.wɪ.tas]
cīvitās f (genitive cīvitātis); third declension
- citizenship: the status of belonging to and enjoying the rights of a city or larger state, especially (classical) Roman citizenship
- the rights of citizenship themselves, including freedom of the city
- the citizenry: a community, (by extension) the body politic, the state, particularly:
- (classical) the Celtic tribes or subkingdoms under Roman rule in Gaul and Britain
- the area of the citizens: a city with its associated hinterland or territory (thus distinguished from urbs), particularly:
- "The City", either (classical) Rome or (Medieval) Jerusalem
- (classical) the capital or center of Roman administration in each Celtic civitas (see above)
- (Medieval) a borough: a walled settlement, sometimes particularly former Roman towns
- (late Medieval) a city: a Biblical, major, or specially incorporated town, particularly cathedral cities
- (Medieval, Christianity) the community of believers: either the Church or Heaven
- “civitas” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.