congius

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin congius.

NounEdit

 
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congius (plural congii)

  1. (historical units of measure) An ancient Roman unit of volume in liquid measure consisting of six sextarii or one-eighth amphora (about 118 fluid ounces). (clarification of this definition is needed)
  2. (historical units of measure) An ancient Roman unit of weight under Vespasian equal to the weight of a congius of water. (clarification of this definition is needed)

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κογχίον (konkhíon), diminutive of κόγχη (kónkhē), κόγχος (kónkhos, mussel-shell).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

congius m (genitive congiī or congī); second declension

  1. (historical units of measure) congius, a unit of volume and weight, roughly equal to a gallon. (clarification of this definition is needed)

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative congius congiī
Genitive congiī
congī1
congiōrum
Dative congiō congiīs
Accusative congium congiōs
Ablative congiō congiīs
Vocative congie congiī

1Found in older Latin (until the Augustan Age).

DescendantsEdit

  • English: congius
  • French: conge
  • Ancient Greek: κόγγιον (kóngion)
  • Italian: cogno, congio
  • Portuguese: côngio
  • Spanish: congio

ReferencesEdit

  • congius in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • congius in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • congius in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • congius in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • congius in Harry Thurston Peck, editor, Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1898
  • congius in William Smith et al., editor, A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin, 1890
  • Ernout, Alfred; Meillet, Antoine, “congius”, in Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue latine: histoire des mots (in French), with additions and corrections of André J., 4th edition, Paris: Klincksieck, 2001, page 137b