urna (plural urnas)
- (Buddhism) A spiral or circular dot placed on the forehead of Buddhist images as an auspicious mark.
1901, A. Dolk, The Hindu Ruins in the Plain of Parambanan, translation of original by Isaac Groneman:
- The urna is not worn by all, nor the monastic dress of the magnificent image of the Buddhistic prince on the right side of the great Buddha in the chanḍi Mĕndut.
1916, “Notes on Chinese statuary”, in The Museum Journal, volume 7, University of Pennsylvania University Museum, page 156:
- The ûrna or mark upon the forehead and the long pierced ear lobes so generally characteristic of Buddhist images are not present in this instance.
2009, David Reed, The Rough Guide to Nepal, page 107:
- Between the eyes is a curl of hair (urna), one of the identifying features of a Buddha, and the thing that looks like a nose is a miraculous light emanating from the urna (it can also be interpreted as the Nepali figure “one”, conveying the unity of all things).
- (historical) In ancient Rome, a liquid measurement of half an amphora, or a vessel of this size.
1810, A description of the collection of ancient terracottas of the British Museum, British Museum, No. XXXIX, page 22:
- A wine vessel, probably the Roman urna, which contained half the quantity of the amphora.
1847, Francis Adams, The seven books of Paulus Ægeineta, volume 3, The Sydenham Society, page 623:
- The congius was the 8th part of the amphora, and the 4th of the urna: it contained 6 sextarii.
1903, Sir Charles Warren, The Ancient Cubit and Our Weights and Measures, page 89:
- It follows that the seah must equal the urna, and the hin equal 2 Attic choes.
From ūrō (“burn, singe”).
- urn, water jar; a vessel for drawing water
- a voting urn, in which ballots were collected
- a funerary urn; a receptacle for the ashes of the dead
- a money jar
- a liquid measure equal to half an amphora
- urna in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- urna in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
- Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v. “urna”.
- urna in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
declension of urna
urna f (plural urnas)
- ballot box (a sealed box into which a voter puts his voting slip)
- urn (vessel for ashes of a deceased person)
- (by extension) coffin (box in which a dead person is buried)
- (archaic) a vase for water