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GalicianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese cravo (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin clāvus (nail) (maybe a semi-learned word, since it experienced an irregular phonetic evolution; compare also Spanish clavo), itself from Proto-Italic *klāwos, from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂u-. Cognate with Portuguese cravo and Spanish clavo.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cravo m (plural cravos)

  1. nail
    • 1409, J. L. Pensado Tomé (ed.), Tratado de Albeitaria. Santiago de Compostela: Centro Ramón Piñeiro, page 151:
      talen aa huña de fora ataa a danadura do crauo que lixo nen podreen nenhũa non posa ficar na chaga por nenhũa gisa
      they shall cut the hoof until the nail injury, so that no dirt or rottenness remain in the wound under no circumstance
    • 1418, Ángel Rodríguez González (ed.), Libro do Concello de Santiago:
      destes por duas palmelas et dous golfoos et cravos para o gindastes dose moravedis
      you gave for two hinges and for nails for the windlass 12 coins
    Synonyms: prego, punta
  2. (cooking) unexpanded buds of the clove tree, used as spice

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cravo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • crauo” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • cravo” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • cravo” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • cravo” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • cravo” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Portuguese cravo, from Latin clāvus (nail) (with an irregular phonetic evolution; compare Spanish clavo), itself from Proto-Italic *klāwos, from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂u-.

NounEdit

cravo m (plural cravos)

  1. horseshoe nail
  2. a type of nail used to crucify people
  3. (botany) carnation (a flower, Dianthus caryophyllus)
    Revolução dos CravosCarnation Revolution
  4. (botany) clove (a tree, Syzygium aromaticum, syn. Eugenia aromatica)
  5. (cooking) unexpanded buds of the clove tree, used as spice
  6. pimple (inflamed spot on the skin)
  7. (dermatology) clavus; corn (callous growth on the foot)
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

VerbEdit

cravo

  1. First-person singular (eu) present indicative of cravar

Etymology 2Edit

From French clavier (keyboard), from Latin clāvis (key).

NounEdit

cravo m (plural cravos)

  1. harpsichord (keyboard instrument which produces sound by plucking the strings)
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit