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See also: črven

Contents

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Slavic *čьrvenъ, which is a passive participle of *čьrviti (dye using červec), where červec is a kind of worm used as a red dye (compare cȓv (worm)).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tsřʋen/
  • Hyphenation: cr‧ven

AdjectiveEdit

cr̀ven (definite cr̀venī, comparative crveniji, Cyrillic spelling цр̀вен)

  1. red
    upali crveno sv(j)etloswitch to red light
    sm(ij)em piti/da pijem crveno vinoI' m allowed to drink red wine"
    kosa joj je oprana, usne crvene, a zubi b(ij)eliher hair is washed, her lips are red, and her teeth are white
    stisni crveno dugmepush the red button
  2. (substantively) revolutionary, Red
    crveni se pregrupiraju na granicithe Reds are regrouping at the border
  3. (substantively, in masculine) the Red Army soldier
  4. (substantively, in masculine, pejorative) sympathizer or a member of extreme left; a communist
    crveni su opet ugrabili vlast na izborimacommunists have won the elections again
  5. (substantively, in feminine) the red color
    moja omiljena boja je crvenamy favorite color is red
  6. ruddy, rubicund
    crveni obraziruddy cheeks
  7. gules
  8. idiomatic and figurative meanings
    Crvena armijathe Red Army
    Crveni krst/Crveni križthe Red Cross;
    Crvena garda(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crvena krvna grupa(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crvena pomoć(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Crvena subota(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Crveno barjače(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni v(j)etar(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni vosak(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni polum(j)esec(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni kutić/ugao(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    pustiti/puštati crvenoga p(ij)etla(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crvena knjižica(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni div(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni karton(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni telefon(please add an English translation of this usage example)
    crveni fenjer(please add an English translation of this usage example)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the adjective cr̀ven (red)

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tsr̂ʋeːn/
  • Hyphenation: cr‧ven

NounEdit

cȑvēn f (Cyrillic spelling цр̏ве̄н)

  1. red (color, or something red-colored)
  2. scarlet fever
DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Colors in Serbo-Croatian · boje / боје (layout · text)
     bijel, beo
бијел, бео
     siv, sinji
сив, сињи
     crn
црн
     smeđ, braon
смеђ, браон
             ružičast, roza
ружичаст, роза
             crven, rumen
црвен, румен, ?
             narandžast, narančast
наранџаст, наранчаст
             žut
жут, žut
жут
             zelen
зелен
             zelen
зелен
             {{{mint green}}}, {{{dark green}}}              tirkizan (cijan)
тиркизан (цијан), tirkizan
тиркизан
             plav
плав
             modar
модар
             ljubičast
љубичаст, modar (indigo)
модар (индиго)
             ljubičast (magenta)
љубичаст (магента), ljubičast
љубичаст

ReferencesEdit

  • crven” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Речник српскохрватскога књижевног језика (1990, Друго фототипско издање), Матица српска, Matica hrvatska (Нови Сад, Zagreb), volume 6, page 812