Galician

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese decer (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), probably from Vulgar Latin *descidere,[1] from descendo (dēscendere). Doublet of the borrowing descender. Cognate with Portuguese descer and Old Spanish deçir.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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decer (first-person singular present dezo, first-person singular preterite decín, past participle decido)

  1. (dated) to descend, to go down
    Synonyms: baixar, descender
    Antonyms: ascender, poxar, subir, upar
    • 1390, R. Lorenzo, editor, La traducción gallega de la Crónica General y de la Crónica de Castilla, Ourense: I.E.O.P.F., page 806:
      quando chegou aos visos altos que som alende da ponte, deceu cõ hũu daquelles caualeyros que leuaua
      when he arrived to one of those high vantage points that are beyond the bridge, he descended with one of those knights he kept with him
    • 1746, Martín Sarmiento, Coloquio:
      Enton, nosa dona deceuse, à pè quedo, do seu carricoche
      Then our lady descended, sure-footed, from her carriage

Conjugation

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References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “decer”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • Xavier Varela Barreiro, Xavier Gómez Guinovart (20062018) “decer”, in Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • decer” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • decer” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • descer” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.
  1. ^ Joan Coromines, José A. Pascual (1983–1991) “descender”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos

Old Galician-Portuguese

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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Probably from Vulgar Latin *descidere, from dēscendere. Cognate with Old Spanish deçir.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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decer

  1. to descend, to go down

Conjugation

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  • Third person singular present tense: dece
  • Second person plural present tense: decedes
  • Third person plural past tense: deceron
  • Third singular future tense: decerá

Descendants

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  • Galician: decer
  • Portuguese: descer

Further reading

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