Latin edit

Etymology edit

From dē- +‎ scandō.

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

dēscendō (present infinitive dēscendere, perfect active dēscendī, supine dēscēnsum); third conjugation

  1. to climb down, to come down, to descend
    Synonym: dēcurrō
    Antonyms: ascendō, īnscendō, cōnscendō, escendō, ēnītor, scandō, superscandō, subeō, ērēpō
  2. to march down
  3. to pierce, to penetrate
  4. to slope down (said of mountains)
  5. to sink (said of the voice)
  6. to lower oneself, to stoop

Conjugation edit

   Conjugation of dēscendō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēscendō dēscendis dēscendit dēscendimus dēscenditis dēscendunt
imperfect dēscendēbam dēscendēbās dēscendēbat dēscendēbāmus dēscendēbātis dēscendēbant
future dēscendam dēscendēs dēscendet dēscendēmus dēscendētis dēscendent
perfect dēscendī dēscendistī dēscendit dēscendimus dēscendistis dēscendērunt,
pluperfect dēscenderam dēscenderās dēscenderat dēscenderāmus dēscenderātis dēscenderant
future perfect dēscenderō dēscenderis dēscenderit dēscenderimus dēscenderitis dēscenderint
passive present dēscendor dēscenderis,
dēscenditur dēscendimur dēscendiminī dēscenduntur
imperfect dēscendēbar dēscendēbāris,
dēscendēbātur dēscendēbāmur dēscendēbāminī dēscendēbantur
future dēscendar dēscendēris,
dēscendētur dēscendēmur dēscendēminī dēscendentur
perfect dēscēnsus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect dēscēnsus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect dēscēnsus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēscendam dēscendās dēscendat dēscendāmus dēscendātis dēscendant
imperfect dēscenderem dēscenderēs dēscenderet dēscenderēmus dēscenderētis dēscenderent
perfect dēscenderim dēscenderīs dēscenderit dēscenderīmus dēscenderītis dēscenderint
pluperfect dēscendissem dēscendissēs dēscendisset dēscendissēmus dēscendissētis dēscendissent
passive present dēscendar dēscendāris,
dēscendātur dēscendāmur dēscendāminī dēscendantur
imperfect dēscenderer dēscenderēris,
dēscenderētur dēscenderēmur dēscenderēminī dēscenderentur
perfect dēscēnsus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect dēscēnsus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present dēscende dēscendite
future dēscenditō dēscenditō dēscenditōte dēscenduntō
passive present dēscendere dēscendiminī
future dēscenditor dēscenditor dēscenduntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives dēscendere dēscendisse dēscēnsūrum esse dēscendī dēscēnsum esse dēscēnsum īrī
participles dēscendēns dēscēnsūrus dēscēnsus dēscendendus,
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
dēscendendī dēscendendō dēscendendum dēscendendō dēscēnsum dēscēnsū

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • descendo”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • descendo”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • descendo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to dismount: descendere ex equo
    • to be reduced to one's last resource: ad extremum auxilium descendere
    • to consent to..., lend oneself to..: descendere ad aliquid, ad omnia (vid. sect. V. 9, note Similarly descendere...)
    • to have recourse to extreme measures: descendere ad extrema consilia (Fam. 10. 33. 4)
    • what he said made a deep impression on..: hoc verbum alte descendit in pectus alicuius
    • to descend to the world below: ad inferos descendere
    • to have recourse to force of arms: ad vim et arma descendere (vid. sect. V. 9, note Similarly...)
    • to engage in the fight: in certamen descendere
    • to enter the field of battle: in aciem descendere (Liv. 8. 8)

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Portugal) IPA(key): (careful pronunciation) /dɨʃˈsẽ.du/, (natural pronunciation) /dɨˈʃẽ.du/

Verb edit


  1. gerund of descer
  2. first-person singular present indicative of descender