Translingual

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Symbol

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el

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-1 language code for Greek.

English

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 El on Wikipedia

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈɛl/, [ɛɫ]
  • Audio (US):(file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛl

Etymology 1

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From Middle English, from Old English el, from Latin el (the name of the letter L).

Alternative forms

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Noun

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el (plural els)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L/l.
    • 1773 October, The Monthly Review Or Literary Journal Enlarged:
      The word length, which contains only four sounds l e ng th, is usually spell'd thus, el ee en gee tee aitch.
Derived terms
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Translations
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See also

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English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 2

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Alternative forms

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Noun

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el (plural els)

  1. (US) An elevated railway, especially for specific systems such as the metro in Chicago.
    • 2012, Roger P. Roess, Gene Sansone, The Wheels That Drove New York, page 294:
      The main section of the Sixth Avenue El from Morris Street to Ninth Avenue and 53rd Street shut down on December 4, 1938.
Translations
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Etymology 3

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Shortening of eleven.

Numeral

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el

  1. The cardinal number occurring after dek and before do in a duodecimal system. Written , decimal value 11.

Etymology 4

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From Spanish el.

Article

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el

  1. (informal, humorous, chiefly Internet slang) The (sometimes where "the" would not occur in normal English).
    • 2007, Richard Bachman, Blaze, page 125:
      " [] A sister of Joseph Gerard [] was found unconscious on the kitchen floor by the family cook early this morning. [] "
      [] What leads could they have, if the old lady was el zonko?

Etymology 5

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Noun

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el (plural els)

  1. The name of the Unspecified script letter Л / л.

Anagrams

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Aragonese

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Etymology

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From Latin ille (that one).

Pronoun

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el

  1. him (direct object)
    Synonym: lo

Aromanian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin ille, possibly through a Vulgar Latin *illus. Compare Romanian el, Megleno-Romanian iel.

Pronoun

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el m (plural elj)

  1. (third-person masculine singular pronoun, nominative form) he
    Synonym: nãs

Pronoun

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el m

  1. (long/stressed accusative form) him
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  • ea/ia (feminine equivalent (third-person singular nominative))
  • elj (masculine or mixed plural), eali (feminine plural)
  • ãl/ul/lu (masculine singular accusative- short/unstressed form)
  • (a) lui (masculine singular genitive and masculine singular dative- long/stressed form)
  • ãlj/ilj/lji (masculine singular dative- short/unstressed form)

See also

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  • io/iou, mini (first-person singular)
  • tu, tini (second-person singular)
  • noi (first-person plural)
  • voi (second-person plural)
  • nãsh, elj (third-person (masculine or mixed) plural)

Asturian

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Etymology

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From Latin ille, illum.

Pronunciation

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Article

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el m sg (feminine la, neuter lo, masculine plural los, feminine plural les)

  1. (definite) the

Usage notes

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  • The article el contracts to l’ before a word beginning with a vowel or h: l'asturianu (the Asturian), l'hermanu (the brother)
  • The article el contracts to ’l after a word that ends in a vowel, if the following word begins with a consonant.

Derived terms

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Azerbaijani

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *ēl.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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el (definite accusative eli, plural ellər)

  1. (somewhat poetic) people
  2. (somewhat poetic) country, land
  3. (somewhat poetic) tract, region, district, province

Declension

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    Declension of el
singular plural
nominative el
ellər
definite accusative eli
elləri
dative elə
ellərə
locative eldə
ellərdə
ablative eldən
ellərdən
definite genitive elin
ellərin
    Possessive forms of el
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) elim ellərim
sənin (your) elin ellərin
onun (his/her/its) eli elləri
bizim (our) elimiz ellərimiz
sizin (your) eliniz elləriniz
onların (their) eli or elləri elləri
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) elimi ellərimi
sənin (your) elini ellərini
onun (his/her/its) elini ellərini
bizim (our) elimizi ellərimizi
sizin (your) elinizi ellərinizi
onların (their) elini or ellərini ellərini
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) elimə ellərimə
sənin (your) elinə ellərinə
onun (his/her/its) elinə ellərinə
bizim (our) elimizə ellərimizə
sizin (your) elinizə ellərinizə
onların (their) elinə or ellərinə ellərinə
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) elimdə ellərimdə
sənin (your) elində ellərində
onun (his/her/its) elində ellərində
bizim (our) elimizdə ellərimizdə
sizin (your) elinizdə ellərinizdə
onların (their) elində or ellərində ellərində
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) elimdən ellərimdən
sənin (your) elindən ellərindən
onun (his/her/its) elindən ellərindən
bizim (our) elimizdən ellərimizdən
sizin (your) elinizdən ellərinizdən
onların (their) elindən or ellərindən ellərindən
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) elimin ellərimin
sənin (your) elinin ellərinin
onun (his/her/its) elinin ellərinin
bizim (our) elimizin ellərimizin
sizin (your) elinizin ellərinizin
onların (their) elinin or ellərinin ellərinin

Derived terms

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Breton

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Contraction

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el

  1. e (preposition “in”) + ul (indefinite article “a(n)”)
  2. e (preposition “in”) + al (definite article “the”)

Catalan

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Alternative forms

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  • es (salat) in Balearic dialects.
  • lo (colloquial) in North occidental dialects.

Etymology

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From earlier lo, from Latin illum, from Latin ille. The initial e- was inserted as an epenthetic vowel after the unstressed -o had begun to be dropped.

Pronunciation

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Article

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el m (feminine la, masculine plural els, feminine plural les)

  1. the; definite article
  2. neuter definite article used to make abstract nouns from adjectives; the; what, that which
    el bo i el dolentthe good and the bad
    el que hem de ferwhat we have to do

Usage notes

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  • Before a word that begins with a vowel or silent h- followed by a vowel, the form l' is used.

See also

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  • en, masculine singular definite article for given names.

Pronoun

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el (proclitic, contracted l', enclitic lo, contracted enclitic 'l)

  1. him (direct object)

Usage notes

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  • el is the reinforced (reforçada) form of the pronoun. It is used before verbs beginning with a consonant.
    Ella el considerava estúpid.She regarded him as stupid.

Declension

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Further reading

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Cornish

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Etymology

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From Middle Cornish êl, eyl, eal, from Old Cornish ail, a borrowing from Proto-Brythonic *angel, from Latin angelus, from Ancient Greek ἄγγελος (ángelos). Cognate with Breton ael, Welsh angel.

Noun

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el m (plural eledh)

  1. (religion) angel

Crimean Tatar

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun

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el

  1. hand, forearm
  2. ell

Declension

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References

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  • Mirjejev, V. A., Usejinov, S. M. (2002) Ukrajinsʹko-krymsʹkotatarsʹkyj slovnyk [Ukrainian – Crimean Tatar Dictionary]‎[1], Simferopol: Dolya, →ISBN

Czech

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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el n (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L/l.

Further reading

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  • el in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • el in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dalmatian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin ille, illud.

Article

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el

  1. the; masculine singular definite article
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Danish

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Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology 1

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From Old Norse elri (alder), cf. ǫlr (compare Icelandic elri, Swedish al, Norwegian Bokmål older), from Proto-Germanic *aluz, *alusō (compare English alder), variant of *alizō, *alisō (compare Dutch els, German Erle), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂élisos.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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el c (singular definite ellen, plural indefinite elle)

  1. alder
Inflection
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Etymology 2

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Introduced in the 1940’s after Swedish el, abbreviation of elektricitet (electricity).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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el c (singular definite ellen, not used in plural form)

  1. electricity
    Synonym: strøm

Dutch

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Etymology

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From Middle Dutch elne, elle, from Old Dutch *elina, from Proto-West Germanic *alinu. Cognate with English ell, German Low German Ell, German Elle.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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el f or m (plural ellen, diminutive elletje n)

  1. (archaic) A unit of length corresponding to about 69 cm: ell, cubit.

Derived terms

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Descendants

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  • Negerhollands: el
  • Caribbean Javanese: élo

Emilian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /el/
  • Hyphenation: el

Pronoun

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el (personal)

  1. (nominative case, feminine) they
  2. (accusative case, feminine) them

Alternative forms

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  • Becomes elj- before a vowel.
  • Becomes -li when acting as an enclitic.
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Esperanto

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Etymology

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Obscure; may be derived from Latin ex (out of).

Pronunciation

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Preposition

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el

  1. made of
    Tio estas ĉemizo el silkoThis is a shirt made of silk.
  2. from (of)
    Antonym: al
    El kie vi venis?
    Mi venis el Nov-Jorko.
    Where did you come from?
    I came from New York.
    • 1906, Louis de Beaufront, Grammaire et exercices de la langue internationale espéranto:
      Li estas la plej riĉa homo el la mondo.
      He is the richest man in the world.
    • 1906, Louis de Beaufront, Grammaire et exercices de la langue internationale espéranto:
      Li estas la malplej riĉa el ni.
      He is the least rich of us.

Derived terms

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Fala

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Etymology

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From Latin ille (that).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈel/
  • Rhymes: -el
  • Syllabification: el

Pronoun

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el m sg (plural elis, feminine ela, feminine plural elas)

  1. Third person singular masculine nominative pronoun; he

See also

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References

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  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[2], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

Franco-Provençal

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Etymology

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Inherited from Latin illa.

Pronoun

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el f (postpositive -el) (ORB large)

  1. she, it (third-person singular feminine nominative)

See also

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References

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  • elle [1] in DicoFranPro: Dictionnaire Français/Francoprovençal – on dicofranpro.llm.umontreal.ca
  • el in Lo trèsor Arpitan – on arpitan.eu

Galician

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin ille (that).

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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el m (accusative o, dative lle)

  1. he
  2. it (impersonal pronoun, optative subject of impersonal verbs)
    El choveIt rains
  3. it (optatively, can introduce a question)
    Que cousa preciosa! El será pecado?What a precious thing! Could it be a sin?

Usage notes

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The accusative form o has variant forms lo and no. These alternative forms appear depending on the ending of the preceding word. The form lo is used when the preceding word ends in -r or -s. The no form is used when the preceding word ends in -u or a diphthong. These alternative forms are then suffixed to the preceding word.

The accusative also forms contractions when it immediately follows an indirect object pronoun. For example, dou che o contracts to doucho (I gave it to you).

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References

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  • Ernesto González Seoane, María Álvarez de la Granja, Ana Isabel Boullón Agrelo (20062022) “el”, in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval (in Galician), Santiago de Compostela: ILG
  • el” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • el” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • el” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Guinea-Bissau Creole

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Etymology

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From Portuguese ele. Cognate with Kabuverdianu el.

Pronoun

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el

  1. he, she (third person singular)

Hungarian

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Etymology

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Adverb

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el

  1. off
    El a kezekkel!Hands off!
  2. away

Usage notes

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This term may also be part of the split form of a verb prefixed with el-, occurring when the main verb does not follow the prefix directly. It can be interpreted only with the related verb form, irrespective of its position in the sentence, e.g. meg tudták volna nézni (they could have seen it, from megnéz). For verbs with this prefix, see el-; for an overview, Appendix:Hungarian verbal prefixes.

  • Anna elment? Nem ment el.Has Anna left [gone away]? No, she has not.

Derived terms

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Compound words

Interjection

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el

  1. (intransitive, drama) exit, exeunt; he/she leaves or they leave the scene or stage (stage direction for an actor or multiple actors)
    Antonym: jön (s/he comes)

See also

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Further reading

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  • el in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • el in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (‘A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2024)

Anagrams

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Icelandic

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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el

  1. first-person singular present indicative of ala

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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el (plural eli, possessive elua, possessive plural elui)

  1. Apocopic form of elu; she, her

See also

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Indonesian

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Etymology

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From Dutch el.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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èl

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L/l.

See also

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Further reading

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Istriot

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Etymology 1

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From Latin illum < ille.

Pronoun

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el

  1. he third-person singular masculine personal pronoun
    • 1877, Antonio Ive, Canti popolari istriani: raccolti a Rovigno, volume 5, Ermanno Loescher, page 128:
      Ch’in tu’l su’ fassulito el me metasse.
      That into his handkerchief he would put me.
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Etymology 2

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From Latin ille.

Article

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el m sg (feminine la)

  1. the

Italian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈel/
  • Rhymes: -el
  • Hyphenation: él
  • (stressed, determiner) IPA(key): /ˈel/
    • Hyphenation: él
  • (unstressed, article and contraction) IPA(key): /el/

Article

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el m sg

  1. Archaic and regional form of il

Pronoun

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el m

  1. (rare, literary) Apocopic form of ello

Contraction

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el

  1. (obsolete) Contraction of e il: and the

Alternative forms

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Anagrams

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Kabuverdianu

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Etymology

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From Portuguese ele.

Pronoun

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el

  1. he, she (third person singular)

Kabyle

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Verb

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el (verbal noun ayla)

  1. (obsolete) to have, own, possess
    Synonyms: sɛu, ɣur
  2. (obsolete) to belong to

Usage notes

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This verb's conjugation has fallen into general disuse by the 19th century, with only its past participle ilan surviving in various expressions. Its verbal noun, ayla (possession), remains in vigorous use.

Ladino

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Pronunciation

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Article

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el (Hebrew spelling איל, plural los, feminine la)

  1. the (masculine singular)

Pronoun

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el (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling איל)

  1. he, it

Latin

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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el f (indeclinable)

  1. The name of the letter L.

Usage notes

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  • Multiple Latin names for the letter L, l have been suggested. The most common is el or a syllabic l, although there is some evidence which also supports, as names for the letter, , ll, əl, , and even (in the fourth- or fifth-century first Antinoë papyrus(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?), which gives Greek transliterations of the Latin names of the Roman alphabet’s letters) ιλλε (ille).

Coordinate terms

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References

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  • el in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Arthur E. Gordon, The Letter Names of the Latin Alphabet (University of California Press, 1973; volume 9 of University of California Publications: Classical Studies), especially pages 30–31, 42–44, and 63

Latvian

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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el m (invariable)

  1. The Latvian name of the Latin script letter L/l.

See also

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Leonese

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Etymology

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From Latin ille.

Article

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el m sg (feminine la, neuter lu, masculine plural los, feminine plural les)

  1. the (definite article)

Usage notes

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  • The prepositions a, de, pa, cun, en and pur contract with el, unless el is part of a proper noun.
    a + ‎el → ‎al
    de + ‎el → ‎del
    pa + ‎el → ‎pal
    cun + ‎el → ‎cul
    en + ‎el → ‎nel
    pur + ‎el → ‎pul
  • The article el contracts to l' before a word beginning with a vowel or h:
    l'homethe man
    fala l'homethe man is speaking
  • The article 'el contracts to 'l after a word that ends in a vowel, if the following word begins with a consonant.
    fala'l neñuthe child is speaking

Lower Sorbian

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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el m inan

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter l/L.

See also

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Middle Dutch

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Etymology

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From Old Dutch *elli, from Proto-West Germanic *alljas.

Pronunciation

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Determiner

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el

  1. other, another

Adverb

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el

  1. else, otherwise
  2. elsewhere

Further reading

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Middle English

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old English ǣl, from Proto-West Germanic *āl, from Proto-Germanic *ēlaz.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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el (plural eles)

  1. eel

Descendants

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References

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Middle Welsh

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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el

  1. third-person singular present subjunctive of mynet

Mirandese

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Pronoun

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el

  1. he

Norwegian Bokmål

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Swedish el.

Noun

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el

  1. short form of elektrisitet, elektrisk, elektro-, used mainly in compound words. It is treated as a noun rather than a prefix, in the same manner as Swedish.

Derived terms

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References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Swedish el.

Noun

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el n

  1. short form of elektrisitet, elektrisk, elektro-, used mainly in compound words. It is treated as a noun rather than a prefix, in the same manner as Swedish.
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Old Norse él.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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el n (definite singular elet, indefinite plural el, definite plural ela)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Etymology 3

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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el

  1. present tense of ala

Etymology 4

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb

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el

  1. present tense of elja

References

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Occitan

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Etymology

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From Old Occitan [Term?], from Latin ille.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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el

  1. he (third-person singular subject pronoun)
  2. it (third-person singular subject pronoun)

Old English

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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el m

  1. el, the letter L

Old French

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Etymology 1

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Alternative forms

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Contraction

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el

  1. Contraction of en le (in the).
    • c. 1250, Marie de France, Equitan:
      m'est une anguisse el quer ferue, ki tut le cors me fet trembler
      Such a pain has pierced my heart, that it makes my whole body quiver

Etymology 2

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From Latin alius.

Pronoun

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el

  1. something else
    • c. 1150, Thomas d'Angleterre, Le Roman de Tristan, Champion Classiques edition, →ISBN, page 94, lines 857–8:
      ne puet en sun cuer el penser
      fors ço sul: Tristran amer.
      she cannot in her heart think of anything else
      apart from one thing: to love Tristan.

Old Galician-Portuguese

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Pronoun

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el

  1. Apocopic form of ele

Old Norse

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Verb

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el

  1. first-person singular active present indicative of ala

Portuguese

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Etymology

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From Latin ille. Akin to Catalan el and Spanish el.

Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: el

Article

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el m sg

  1. Only used in el-rei: the

Romanian

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Etymology

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Inherited from Vulgar Latin *illus, from Latin ille.

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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el m (third-person singular, plural ei, feminine equivalent ea)

  1. (nominative form) he
    Synonym: (polite form) dumnealui

Declension

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Nominative
el
Accusative
stressed unstressed
el îl
Genitive
lui
Singular Plural
m & n f m f & n
său sa săi sale
Dative
stressed unstressed
lui îi
Reflexive
Accusative Dative
stressed unstressed stressed unstressed
sine se sie or sieși își

Pronoun

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el m (stressed accusative form of el)

  1. (direct object, preceded by preposition, such as "pe", "cu", "la", or "pentru") him
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  • ea (third-person feminine singular)
  • ei (third-person masculine plural)
  • ele (third-person feminine plural)

See also

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Romansch

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Etymology

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From Latin ille.

Pronoun

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el

  1. he

Salar

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Etymology

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Cognate with Turkmen, Turkish el (hand), Azerbaijani əl, Chuvash алӑ (ală), etc.

Pronunciation

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  • (Jiezi, Gaizi, Ejie, Daowei, Chahandusi, Qingshui, Xunhua, Qinghai, Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): [el]
  • (Chahandusi, Qingshui, Xunhua, Qinghai) IPA(key): [il]
  • (Mengda, Xunhua, Qinghai) IPA(key): [en]
  • (Shixiang, Xunhua, Qinghai, 1883-1886) IPA(key): [el]
  • (Village at the mouth of Datong river, Donghu or Minhe, Qinghai, 1891-1892) IPA(key): [el]

Noun

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el

  1. (anatomy) hand
    Synonym: uc

References

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  • Potanin, G.N. (1893) “эль”, in Тангутско-Тибетская окраина Китая и Центральная Монголия (in Russian), page 428
  • Yanchuk, Mikola Andriyovich (1893) “эль”, in Этнографическое ОбозрѢніе: Императорскаго Общества Любителей Естествознанія, Антропологіи и Этнографіи [Ethnographical Review: Imperial Society of Lovers of Natural History, Anthropology and Ethnography]‎[3] (in Russian), Moscow: Publication of the Ethnographic Department, page 33
  • Rockhill, William Woodville (1894) “ell”, in Diary of a journey through Mongolia and Tibet in 1891 and 1892, Washington: Smithsonian Institution, page 374
  • Poppe, Nicholas (1953). Remarks on The Salar Language. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, 16(3/4), 438–477. [4]
  • The template Template:R:slr:Kakuk does not use the parameter(s):
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page=179

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Kakuk, S. (1962). “Un Vocabulaire Salar.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 14, no. 2: 173–96. [5]

  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976) “el”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow, pages 323-324
  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985) “el”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar]‎[6], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, →OCLC, page 19
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002) “el”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon[7], Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 88
  • Dwyer, Arienne M. (2007) “el”, in Salar: A Study in Inner Asian Language Contact Processes: Part I: Phonology[8], 1st edition, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, pages 43, 87
  • 张, 进锋 (Ayso Cañ Cinfen) (2008) 乌璐别格 (Ulubeğ), 鄭初陽 (Çuyañ Yebey oğlı Ceñ), editors, Salar İbret Sözler 撒拉尔谚语 [Salar Proverbs]‎[9], China Salar Youth League, page 12
  • Ma, Chengjun, Han, Lianye, Ma, Weisheng (December 2010) “el”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 99
  • el” in Ölmez, Mehmet (2012 December) “Oğuzların En Doğudaki Kolu: Salırlar ve Dilleri [The Easternmost Branch of the Oghuzs: Salars and Their Language]”, in Türk Dili (in Turkish), volume CII, number 732, pages 38-43
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2014) “el”, in 撒拉语366条会话读本 [Salar 366 Conversation Reader]‎[10], 1st edition, 社会科学文献出版社 (Social Science Literature Press), →ISBN, page 108
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2016) “el”, in 濒危语言——撒拉语研究 [Endangered Languages ​​- Salar Language Studies], 青海 (Qinghai): 国家社会科学基金项目 (National Social Science Foundation Project), page 107

Spanish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Latin ille.

Article

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el (plural los, feminine la, feminine plural las, neuter lo)

  1. masculine singular definite article; the
Usage notes
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  • The prepositions de and a contract with el, unless el is part of a proper noun.
    El libro del niño me enseñó sobre la oscilación de El Niño.
    The boy's book taught me about the oscillation of El Niño.
    Fuimos a El Salvador y le rezamos al Salvador.
    We went to El Salvador and prayed to the Savior.
  • Spanish definite articles are used in some contexts where English uses possessive pronouns.
    Tengo las manos sucias.
    My hands are dirty.
    Me duele la pierna.
    My leg hurts.
  • Spanish definite articles are used when talking about a whole group in general or abstract notions, unlike English ones.
    Los guepardos son el animal terreste más veloz.
    Cheetahs are the fastest land animal.
    El amor es siempre paciente y amable.
    Love is always patient and kind.
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Old Spanish ela, from Latin illa.

Article

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el (feminine plural las)

  1. feminine singular definite article used before nouns which start with a stressed /a/:
    el alma, las almasthe soul, the souls
    el hacha, las hachasthe axe, the axes

Further reading

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Anagrams

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Swedish

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Etymology

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A contraction of elektricitet or elektrisk, that must have taken place between 1920 and 1975. SAOB (letter E edited in 1921) does not mention this, but does mention the prefix elektro-. Lilla Focus (1961) mentions el- as a prefix, but not as a word of its own.

The use of el as a stand-alone word (not just a prefix) was discussed in Teknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934, referring to a proposal from "Fera", Föreningen för elektricitetens rationella användning, an association of electric power grid operators.

 

Man framhåller nämligen med bestämdhet, att "el" ej får betraktas som förkortning utan som en beteckning för allt som har med elektricitet att göra, avsedd att brukas enbart eller i sammansättningar som prefix eller suffix och aldrig tillsammans med punkt och bindestreck. Språkligt sett, kan väl ordet närmast betraktas som en ellips
Teknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934
Translation:
Indeed, it is firmly emphasized that "el" must not be regarded as an abbreviation but as a designation for everything related to electricity, intended for use solely or in combinations as a prefix or suffix, and never together with a period and hyphen. Linguistically, the word can be considered akin to an ellipsis.
Teknisk Tidskrift, 15 December 1934

 

Pronunciation

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Noun

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el c

  1. electricity, electric current or power; Contraction of elektricitet. or elektrisk
    • 1957, used as a prefix, §14, Lag (1957:262) om allmän energiskatt
      elektrisk kraft som förbrukas för el-, gas-, värme- eller vattenförsörjning i andra kommuner
      electric power which is used for the supply of electricity, gas, heating or water in other municipalities
    • 1975, Håkan Winberg (m), speaking in the Riksdag on May 27 (protocol, page 264)
      Vidare är den del av marknaden som har den högsta betalningsförmågan, dvs. hushållen, inriktad på användning av el.
      Also the part of the market which has the highest purchasing power, i.e. the households, is set for the use of electricity.
    • 1980, Rune Torwald (c), speaking in the Riksdag on January 11 (protocol, page 46)
      När man använder så stor andel av elen till att värma upp bostäder som ju bara utnyttjas vintertid och inte på sommaren, så får man stora säsongvariationer.
      When using so large a portion of the electricity to heat homes, something which is only used in the winter and not in the summer, one will get large seasonal variations.
  2. (school slang) Short for el- och energiprogrammet.
    Jag går el.
    I study at the electrical engineering programme
    (literally, “I go electrical.”)

Declension

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Declension of el 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative el elen
Genitive els elens
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Anagrams

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Tagalog

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Etymology

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From English el, the English name of the letter L/l.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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el (Baybayin spelling ᜁᜎ᜔)

  1. the name of the Latin-script letter L/l, in the Filipino alphabet
    Synonyms: (in the Abakada alphabet) la, (in the Abecedario) ele

See also

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Further reading

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  • el”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Ternate

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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el

  1. Alternative form of eli (to remember)

Conjugation

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Conjugation of el
Singular Plural
Inclusive Exclusive
1st toel foel miel
2nd noel niel
3rd Masculine oel iel, yoel
Feminine moel
Neuter iel
- archaic

References

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  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Turkish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Ottoman Turkish ال (el), from Proto-Turkic *elig (hand), may be related to Proto-Turkic *ạl- (to take). Cognate with Old Turkic 𐰠𐰏 (elig), Uzbek ilik, Turkmen el, Gagauz el, Salar el, Southern Altai элӱ (elü, wide finger), Chuvash алӑ (ală), etc.

Noun

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el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. hand
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Ottoman Turkish ایل (el), from Common Turkic *ēl (people).

Noun

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el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. a foreign person
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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From Ottoman Turkish ایل (el), from Proto-Turkic *ēl (realm). Doublet of il. Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (él), Kazakh ел (el), Azerbaijani el, etc.

Noun

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el (definite accusative eli, plural eller)

  1. country, homeland, province
Declension
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Inflection
Nominative el
Definite accusative eli
Singular Plural
Nominative el eller
Definite accusative eli elleri
Dative ele ellere
Locative elde ellerde
Ablative elden ellerden
Genitive elin ellerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular elim ellerim
2nd singular elin ellerin
3rd singular eli elleri
1st plural elimiz ellerimiz
2nd plural eliniz elleriniz
3rd plural elleri elleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular elimi ellerimi
2nd singular elini ellerini
3rd singular elini ellerini
1st plural elimizi ellerimizi
2nd plural elinizi ellerinizi
3rd plural ellerini ellerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular elime ellerime
2nd singular eline ellerine
3rd singular eline ellerine
1st plural elimize ellerimize
2nd plural elinize ellerinize
3rd plural ellerine ellerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular elimde ellerimde
2nd singular elinde ellerinde
3rd singular elinde ellerinde
1st plural elimizde ellerimizde
2nd plural elinizde ellerinizde
3rd plural ellerinde ellerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular elimden ellerimden
2nd singular elinden ellerinden
3rd singular elinden ellerinden
1st plural elimizden ellerimizden
2nd plural elinizden ellerinizden
3rd plural ellerinden ellerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular elimin ellerimin
2nd singular elinin ellerinin
3rd singular elinin ellerinin
1st plural elimizin ellerimizin
2nd plural elinizin ellerinizin
3rd plural ellerinin ellerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular elim ellerim
2nd singular elsin ellersin
3rd singular el
eldir
eller
ellerdir
1st plural eliz elleriz
2nd plural elsiniz ellersiniz
3rd plural eller ellerdir
Derived terms
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Venetian

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Alternative forms

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  • al (Belluno)

Etymology

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From Latin illum < ille.

Article

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el m sg (plural i)

  1. the
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Pronoun

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el

  1. he, she, it (used as an obligatory clitic pronoun following a verb)
    El can el magna i òsi.The dog (it) eats the bones.

Volapük

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Article

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el

  1. the (used for all proper nouns and also foreign loanwords not yet assimilated into Volapük)
    El Karl binom ziom ela Katlin.Karl is Katlin's uncle.

Usage notes

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  • The article el is used to modify any kind of noun (proper or foreign) which is itself indeclinable in Volapük. Then, whenever that noun needs to be declined, the article el which modifies it is declined in its stead.

Declension

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Derived terms

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Welsh

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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el f (plural eliau)

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter L/l.

Mutation

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Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
el unchanged unchanged hel
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also

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