Latin edit

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Days of the week
Previous: diēs Mārtis
Next: diēs Iovis

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From diēs (day) and Mercuriī, genitive of Mercurius (Mercury). Latin calque of Ancient Greek ἡμέρα (hēméra, day) Ἑρμοῦ (Hermoû) ("of Hermes"). The association of the seven week days with the seven classical planets is first attested in the Anthologiarum by Vettius Valens, ca. AD 170 and was known to Cassius Dio by the early 3rd century.

Pronunciation edit

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈdi.eːs ˈmer.ku.riː/, [ˈd̪ieːs̠ ˈmɛrkʊriː]
  • (modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈ ˈmer.ku.ri/, [ˈd̪iːes ˈmɛrkuri]
  • The pronunciation Mercurī instead of regularized Mercuriī is the one regularly expected for BCE Classical Latin, but it is also reflected by Romance centuries later, and in light of this was likely in general use for naming this weekday.
  • (Regularized) IPA(key): /ˈdi.eːs merˈku.ri.iː/, [ˈd̪ieːs̠ mɛrˈkʊriː]
  • (Regularized) IPA(key): /ˈ merˈku.ri.i/, [ˈd̪iːes merˈkuːriː]

Noun edit

diēs Mercuriī f (genitive diēī Mercuriī); fifth declension

  1. Wednesday

Declension edit

Fifth-declension noun with an indeclinable portion.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative diēs Mercuriī diēs Mercuriī
Genitive diēī Mercuriī diērum Mercuriī
Dative diēī Mercuriī diēbus Mercuriī
Accusative diem Mercuriī diēs Mercuriī
Ablative diē Mercuriī diēbus Mercuriī
Vocative diēs Mercuriī diēs Mercuriī

Coordinate terms edit

Descendants edit

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