See also: extenuó and extenúo



(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)



extenuō (present infinitive extenuāre, perfect active extenuāvī, supine extenuātum); first conjugation

  1. I thin, reduce, diminish


   Conjugation of extenuō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present extenuō extenuās extenuat extenuāmus extenuātis extenuant
imperfect extenuābam extenuābās extenuābat extenuābāmus extenuābātis extenuābant
future extenuābō extenuābis extenuābit extenuābimus extenuābitis extenuābunt
perfect extenuāvī extenuāvistī extenuāvit extenuāvimus extenuāvistis extenuāvērunt, extenuāvēre
pluperfect extenuāveram extenuāverās extenuāverat extenuāverāmus extenuāverātis extenuāverant
future perfect extenuāverō extenuāveris extenuāverit extenuāverimus extenuāveritis extenuāverint
passive present extenuor extenuāris, extenuāre extenuātur extenuāmur extenuāminī extenuantur
imperfect extenuābar extenuābāris, extenuābāre extenuābātur extenuābāmur extenuābāminī extenuābantur
future extenuābor extenuāberis, extenuābere extenuābitur extenuābimur extenuābiminī extenuābuntur
perfect extenuātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect extenuātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect extenuātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present extenuem extenuēs extenuet extenuēmus extenuētis extenuent
imperfect extenuārem extenuārēs extenuāret extenuārēmus extenuārētis extenuārent
perfect extenuāverim extenuāverīs extenuāverit extenuāverīmus extenuāverītis extenuāverint
pluperfect extenuāvissem extenuāvissēs extenuāvisset extenuāvissēmus extenuāvissētis extenuāvissent
passive present extenuer extenuēris, extenuēre extenuētur extenuēmur extenuēminī extenuentur
imperfect extenuārer extenuārēris, extenuārēre extenuārētur extenuārēmur extenuārēminī extenuārentur
perfect extenuātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect extenuātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present extenuā extenuāte
future extenuātō extenuātō extenuātōte extenuantō
passive present extenuāre extenuāminī
future extenuātor extenuātor extenuantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives extenuāre extenuāvisse extenuātūrum esse extenuārī extenuātum esse extenuātum īrī
participles extenuāns extenuātūrus extenuātus extenuandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
extenuandī extenuandō extenuandum extenuandō extenuātum extenuātū

Derived termsEdit


  • ? Albanian: shtërras
  • Asturian: estenar
  • Galician: estear
  • Portuguese: estiar


  • extenuo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • extenuo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • extenuo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to lend lustre to a subject by one's description: dicendo augere, amplificare aliquid (opp. dicendo extenuare aliquid)
    • hope is vanishing by degrees: spes extenuatur et evanescit