English edit

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Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from Latin frūctus.

Noun edit

fructus (uncountable)

  1. (law, historical) In Ancient Roman law, any product originating either from a natural source (such as fruits grown or animals bred) or from legal transactions (e.g. interest on a loan).

Latin edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *frūktos, perfect active participle of fruor (have the benefit of, use, enjoy); ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰruHg-tó-s.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

frūctus m (genitive frūctūs); fourth declension

  1. enjoyment, delight, satisfaction
    Synonyms: gaudium, dēlicium, voluptās, laetitia, dēlectātiō
    Antonyms: maeror, maestitia, trīstitia, tristitās
  2. produce, product, fruit
    Synonyms: seges, prōventus, frūx
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 4.671–672:
      fēcundior annus prōvenit, et frūctum terra pecūsque ferunt
      A more fertile year proceeds, and the land and the cattle bring forth produce.
  3. profit, yield, output, income
  4. (by extension) effect, result, return, reward, success
    Synonyms: successus, frūx, effectus, ēventus, exitus, prōventus
    • 405 CE, Jerome, Vulgate Proverbs.31.16:
      cōnsīderāvit agrum et emit eum dē frūctū manuum suārum plantāvit vīneam
      She hath considered a field, and bought it: with the fruit of her hands she hath planted a vineyard. (Douay-Rheims trans., Challoner rev.; 1752 CE)

Declension edit

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative frūctus frūctūs
Genitive frūctūs frūctuum
Dative frūctuī frūctibus
Accusative frūctum frūctūs
Ablative frūctū frūctibus
Vocative frūctus frūctūs

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

Participle edit

frūctus (feminine frūcta, neuter frūctum); first/second-declension participle

  1. enjoyed, having derived pleasure from

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative frūctus frūcta frūctum frūctī frūctae frūcta
Genitive frūctī frūctae frūctī frūctōrum frūctārum frūctōrum
Dative frūctō frūctō frūctīs
Accusative frūctum frūctam frūctum frūctōs frūctās frūcta
Ablative frūctō frūctā frūctō frūctīs
Vocative frūcte frūcta frūctum frūctī frūctae frūcta

References edit

  • fructus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • fructus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fructus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • fructus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to derive (great) profit , advantage from a thing: fructum (uberrimum) capere, percipere, consequi ex aliqua re
    • (great) advantage accrues to me from this: fructus ex hac re redundant in or ad me
    • I am benefited by a thing: aliquid ad meum fructum redundat
    • to reap: fructus demetere or percipere
    • to harvest crops: fructus condere (N. D. 2. 62. 156)
  • fructus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • fructus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin