From Middle English yielden, yelden, ȝelden (“to yield, pay”), from Old English ġieldan (“to pay”), from Proto-West Germanic *geldan, from Proto-Germanic *geldaną (“to pay”), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰeldʰ- (“to pay”).
Cognate with Scots yield (“to yield”), North Frisian jilden (“to pay”), Saterland Frisian Saterland Frisian jäilde (“to be valid; matter; count; be worth”), West Frisian jilde (“to pay”), Low German Low German gellen, Dutch gelden (“to apply, count, be valued, be regarded”), German gelten (“to apply, count, be valued, be regarded”), Icelandic gjalda (“to pay, yield, give”), Norwegian Bokmål gjelde.
- (obsolete) To pay, give in payment; repay, recompense; reward; requite.
- c. 1598–1600, William Shakespeare, “As You Like It”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene iv]:
- God 'ild [yield] you, sir!
- c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene ii]:
- Tend me to-night two hours, I ask no more, / And the gods yield you for 't.
- 1623 January 5 (first performance), John Fletcher; Philip Massinger, “The Spanish Curat”, in Comedies and Tragedies […], London: […] Humphrey Robinson, […], and for Humphrey Moseley […], published 1647, OCLC 3083972, Act IV, scene v:
- God yield thee, and God thank ye.
- ?, Alfred Tennyson, Gareth and Lynette
- The good mother holds me still a child! Good mother is bad mother unto me! A worse were better; yet no worse would I. Heaven yield her for it!
- To furnish; to afford; to render; to give forth.
- To give way; to allow another to pass first.
- Yield the right of way to pedestrians.
- To give as required; to surrender, relinquish or capitulate.
- They refuse to yield to the enemy.
- 1591, William Shakespeare, “The Second Part of Henry the Sixt, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i]:
- I'll make him yield the crown.
- To give, or give forth, (anything).
- (intransitive) To give way; to succumb to a force.
- To produce as return, as from an investment.
- Historically, that security yields a high return.
- (mathematics) To produce as a result.
- Adding 3 and 4 yields a result of 7.
- (linguistics) To produce a particular sound as the result of a sound law.
- Indo-European p- yields Germanic f-.
- (engineering, materials science, of a material specimen) To pass the material's yield point and undergo plastic deformation.
- (rare) To admit to be true; to concede; to allow.
- submit - To fully surrender
- capitulate - To end all resistance, may imply a compensation with an enemy or to end all resistance because of loss of hope
- succumb - To fully surrender, because of helplessness and extreme weakness, to the leader of an opposing force
- relent - A yielding because of pity or mercy
- defer - A voluntary submitting out of respect, reverence or affection
- give way - To succumb to persistent persuasion.
- surrender - To give up into the power, control, or possession of another
- cede - To give up, give way, give away
- give up - To surrender
- produce - To make (a thing) available to a person, an authority, etc.
- bear - To produce something, such as fruit or crops
- supply - To provide (something), to make (something) available for use
- give in
- to trade away - to let others get hold of a property or right of yours.
- (obsolete) Payment; tribute.
- A product; the quantity of something produced.
- Zucchini plants always seem to produce a high yield of fruit.
- The explosive energy value of a bomb, especially a nuke, usually expressed in tons of TNT equivalent.
- (law) The current return as a percentage of the price of a stock or bond.
- 2013 July 6, “The rise of smart beta”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8843, page 68:
- Investors face a quandary. Cash offers a return of virtually zero in many developed countries; government-bond yields may have risen in recent weeks but they are still unattractive. Equities have suffered two big bear markets since 2000 and are wobbling again. It is hardly surprising that pension funds, insurers and endowments are searching for new sources of return.
- (finance) Profit earned from an investment; return on investment.