EnglishEdit

 
A fusil (heraldric symbol)
 
A fusil (flintlock musket), 1766 model

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈfjuːzɪl/
    • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

From Old French fusel, fuisel, from a late Latin diminutive of Latin fūsus (spindle).

NounEdit

fusil (plural fusils)

  1. (heraldry) A bearing of a rhomboidal figure, originally representing a spindle in shape, longer than a heraldic lozenge.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French fusil, ultimately from Latin focus (hearth; fire). Doublet of fusee.

NounEdit

fusil (plural fusils)

  1. (now historical) A light flintlock musket or firelock.
    • 1751, [Tobias] Smollett, chapter 43, in The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle [], volume II, London: Harrison and Co., [], published 1781, OCLC 316121541:
      [H]e out of meer wantonness attempted to trip up the heels of the soldier that stood next him, but failed in the execution, and received a blow of his breast with the butt end of a fusil, that made him stagger several paces backward.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Alternative forms.

AdjectiveEdit

fusil (comparative more fusil, superlative most fusil)

  1. Obsolete spelling of fusile
    • 1667, John Milton, “Book XI”, in Paradise Lost. [], London: [] [Samuel Simmons], [], OCLC 228722708; republished as Paradise Lost in Ten Books: [], London: Basil Montagu Pickering [], 1873, OCLC 230729554:
      what might else be wrought / Fusil or grav'n in metal
    • 1708, John Philips, Cyder, book II, London: J. Tonson, page 70:
      A fusil sea.
    • 1728, J[ohn] Woodward, “A Catalogue of the Second Addition of English Native Fossils”, in A Catalogue of the Additional English Native Fossils, in the Collection of J. Woodward M.D., tome II, London: [] F[rancis] Fayram, []; J[ohn] Senex, []; and J. Osborn and T[homas] Longman, [], OCLC 1190985093, page 91:
      Part of one of thoſe round Pillars that are commonly ſuppos'd to be fuſil marble: but not truly; this being of the common Suſſex Marble, full of Sea-Shells.

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French fuisil, foisil, from Vulgar Latin *focīlis (petra), from Latin focus. Compare Italian fucile.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fusil m (plural fusils)

  1. rifle, gun
  2. steel to strike sparks from a flint (pierre à fusil)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Saint Dominican Creole French: fisil
  • Catalan: fusell
  • Spanish: fusil
  • Portuguese: fuzil

Further readingEdit


SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French fusil.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fusil m (plural fusiles)

  1. rifle
    Synonym: rifle

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit