From Middle English spindle, spyndel, spyndylle, from Old English spindle, spindel, alteration of earlier spinel, spinil, spinl (“spindle”), from Proto-Germanic *spinnilō (“spindle”), equivalent to spin + -le. Cognate with Scots spindil, spinnell (“spindle”), Dutch spil ("spindle"; < Middle Dutch spille, spinle), German Spindel (“spindle”), Danish spindel (“spindle”), Swedish spindel (“spindle”).
spindle (plural spindles)
- (spinning) A rod used for spinning and then winding natural fibres (especially wool), usually consisting of a shaft and a circular whorl positioned at either the upper or lower end of the shaft when suspended vertically from the forming thread.
2005, Anthony Briggs, transl., War and Peace, Penguin Classics, translation of Война́ и миръ by Leo Tolstoy, Volume I, Part 1, Chapter 3, page 13:
- Anna Pavlovna’s soirée was now in full swing. On all sides the spindles were humming away non-stop.
- A rod which turns, or on which something turns.
- the spindle of a vane
2012 March 1, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 112-3:
- A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place.
- A rotary axis of a machine tool or power tool.
- Certain of the species of the genus Euonymus, originally used for making the spindles used for spinning wool.
- An upright spike for holding paper documents by skewering.
- The fusee of a watch.
- A long and slender stalk resembling a spindle.
- A yarn measure containing, in cotton yarn, 15,120 yards; in linen yarn, 14,400 yards.
- (geometry) A solid generated by the revolution of a curved line about its base or double ordinate or chord.
- Any marine univalve shell of the subsection Justicia subsect. Rostellaria (formerly genus Rostellaria); a spindle stromb.
- Any marine gastropod with a spindle-shaped shell formerly in one of the three invalid genera called Fusus.
- (coastal New Jersey) a dragonfly
- (a tree from the Euonymus genus): euonymus
rod in spinning and winding thread
- Arabic: مَغزِل (maġzil)
- Armenian: իլիկ (hy) (ilik), իլ (hy) (il)
- Aromanian: fus
- Asturian: fusu m
- Bashkir: орсоҡ (orsoq)
- Belarusian: верацяно́ n (vjeracjanó)
- Bulgarian: врете́но (bg) n (vreténo)
- Catalan: fus (ca)
- Mandarin: 紡錘 (zh), 纺锤 (zh) (fǎngchuí), 錠子 (zh), 锭子 (zh) (dìngzi)
- Czech: vřeteno n
- Dalmatian: fois m
- Dutch: spintol m, spindel (nl) m, spoel (nl) f
- Finnish: värttinä (fi), kehräin
- French: fuseau (fr)
- Friulian: fûs
- Galician: fuso m
- German: Spindel (de) f
- Greek: αδράχτι (el) n (adráchti)
- Ancient: ἄτρακτος m (átraktos)
- Hungarian: orsó (hu)
- Irish: fearsaid f, eiteán m
- Italian: fuso (it)
- Japanese: 紡錘 (ぼうすい, bōsui), 錘 (ja) (つむ, tsumu) (dated)
- Kurdish: teşî (ku)
- Latin: fusus
rod which turns, or on which something turns round
tree of the genus Euonymus
upright spike for holding papers
long and slender stalk resembling a spindle
marine univalve shell of the subsection Justicia subsect
marine gastropod of the genus Fusus
spindle (third-person singular simple present spindles, present participle spindling, simple past and past participle spindled)
- To make into a long tapered shape.
- To impale on a device for holding paper documents.
- Do not fold, spindle or mutilate this document.
make into a long tapered shape
impale on a device for holding paper documents