From Middle English spindle, spyndel, spyndylle, from Old English spindle, spindel, alteration of earlier spinel, spinil, spinl (“spindle”), from Proto-Germanic *spinnilō (“spindle”), equivalent to spin + -le. Cognate with Scots spindil, spinnell (“spindle”), Dutch spil ("spindle"; < Middle Dutch spille, spinle), German Spindel (“spindle”), Danish spindel (“spindle”), Swedish spindel (“spindle”).
spindle (plural spindles)
- (spinning) A rod used for spinning and then winding natural fibres (especially wool), usually consisting of a shaft and a circular whorl positioned at either the upper or lower end of the shaft when suspended vertically from the forming thread.
2005 [1868–9], Anthony Briggs, transl., War and Peace, Penguin Classics, translation of Война́ и миръ by Leo Tolstoy, Volume I, Part 1, Chapter 3, page 13:
- Anna Pavlovna’s soirée was now in full swing. On all sides the spindles were humming away non-stop.
- A rod which turns, or on which something turns.
- the spindle of a vane
2012 March 1, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 112-3:
- A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place.
- A rotary axis of a machine tool or power tool.
- Certain of the species of the genus Euonymus, originally used for making the spindles used for spinning wool.
- An upright spike for holding paper documents by skewering.
- The fusee of a watch.
- A long and slender stalk resembling a spindle.
- A yarn measure containing, in cotton yarn, 15,120 yards; in linen yarn, 14,400 yards.
- (geometry) A solid generated by the revolution of a curved line about its base or double ordinate or chord.
- Any marine univalve shell of the subsection Justicia subsect. Rostellaria (formerly genus Rostellaria); a spindle stromb.
- Any marine gastropod with a spindle-shaped shell formerly in one of the three invalid genera called Fusus.
- (coastal New Jersey) a dragonfly
- (a tree from the Euonymus genus): euonymus
rod in spinning and winding thread
- Arabic: مَغزِل (maġzil)
- Armenian: իլիկ (hy) (ilik), իլ (hy) (il)
- Aromanian: fus
- Asturian: fusu m
- Bashkir: орсоҡ (orsoq)
- Belarusian: верацяно́ n (vjeracjanó)
- Bulgarian: врете́но (bg) n (vreténo)
- Catalan: fus (ca)
- Mandarin: 紡錘 (zh), 纺锤 (zh) (fǎngchuí), 錠子 (zh), 锭子 (zh) (dìngzi)
- Czech: vřeteno n
- Dalmatian: fois m
- Dutch: spintol m, spindel (nl) m, spoel (nl) f
- Finnish: värttinä (fi), kehräin
- French: fuseau (fr)
- Friulian: fûs
- Galician: fuso m
- German: Spindel (de) f
- Greek: αδράχτι (el) n (adráchti)
- Ancient: ἄτρακτος m (átraktos)
- Hungarian: orsó (hu)
- Irish: fearsaid f, eiteán m
- Italian: fuso (it)
- Japanese: 紡錘 (ぼうすい, bōsui), 錘 (ja) (つむ, tsumu) (dated)
- Kurdish: teşî (ku)
- Latin: fusus
- Macedonian: вретено n (vréteno)
rod which turns, or on which something turns round
tree of the genus Euonymus
upright spike for holding papers
long and slender stalk resembling a spindle
marine univalve shell of the subsection Justicia subsect
marine gastropod of the genus Fusus
spindle (third-person singular simple present spindles, present participle spindling, simple past and past participle spindled)
- To make into a long tapered shape.
- To impale on a device for holding paper documents.
- Do not fold, spindle or mutilate this document.
make into a long tapered shape
impale on a device for holding paper documents