See also: goût and Goût

EnglishEdit

 
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Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old French gote, gute, from Latin gutta (drop). Compare Spanish gota (drop, droplet). Doublet of goutte and gutta.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gout (countable and uncountable, plural gouts)

  1. (uncountable, pathology) An extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints.
    Synonyms: crystalline arthritis, gouty arthritis, urarthritis
    Hypernym: arthritis
    • 2020 November 13, Ligaya Mishan, “Once the Disease of Gluttonous Aristocrats, Gout Is Now Tormenting the Masses”, in The New York Times[1], ISSN 0362-4331:
      Once gout was confined largely to Western civilization (with some outliers, like the Mongol ruler Kublai Khan); now its ravages are global.
  2. (usually followed by of) A spurt or splotch.
  3. (rare) A disease of wheat and cornstalks, caused by insect larvae.[1]
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

gout (third-person singular simple present gouts, present participle gouting, simple past and past participle gouted)

  1. (intransitive) To spurt.
    • 2001, Stephen King, Peter Straub, Black House
      Dark blood gouts from the creature's brisket.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)

Etymology 2Edit

French goût

NounEdit

gout (plural gouts)

  1. (obsolete) taste; relish
    • 1870, The Cook and Housewife's Manual (5th edition)
      A modern refinement is to put laver in the dripping-pan, which, in basting, imparts a high gout: or a large saddle may be served over a pound and a half of laver, stewed in brown sauce with catsup []

FrenchEdit

NounEdit

gout m (plural gouts)

  1. Alternative spelling of goût

Usage notesEdit

This spelling was a product of the 1990 French spelling reforms.

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch golt, from Proto-Germanic *gulþą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gout n (stem goud-)

  1. gold

Alternative formsEdit

  • golt (Rhinelandic, Limburgish)

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: goud
    • Afrikaans: goud
    • Sranan Tongo: gowtu
  • Limburgish: góldj

Further readingEdit