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Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old French gote, gute, from Latin gutta (drop). Compare Spanish gota (drop, droplet). Doublet of goutte.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gout (countable and uncountable, plural gouts)

  1. (uncountable, pathology) An extremely painful inflammation of joints, especially of the big toe, caused by a metabolic defect resulting in the accumulation of uric acid in the blood and the deposition of urates around the joints.
    Synonyms: crystalline arthritis, gouty arthritis, urarthritis
    Hypernym: arthritis
  2. (usually followed by of) A spurt or splotch.
    • c. 1607, William Shakespeare, Macbeth, act 2, scene 1:
      I see thee still,
      And on thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood.
    • 1981, P. D. James, Children of Men, ch. 20, page 137:
      [S]mall chunks of rubble and gouts of soot had fallen from the chimney, and were ground into the rug under his unwary feet.
    • 2002, Mercedes Lackey, Eric Flint and Dave Freer, The Shadow of the Lion, (Google preview):
      Another blow sent gouts of blood flying, along with gobbets of flesh.
  3. (rare) A disease of wheat and cornstalks, caused by insect larvae.[1]
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, second edition (1989)

Etymology 2Edit

French goût

NounEdit

gout (plural gouts)

  1. (obsolete) taste; relish
    • 1870, The Cook and Housewife's Manual (5th edition)
      A modern refinement is to put laver in the dripping-pan, which, in basting, imparts a high gout: or a large saddle may be served over a pound and a half of laver, stewed in brown sauce with catsup []

FrenchEdit

NounEdit

gout m (plural gouts)

  1. Alternative spelling of goût

Usage notesEdit

This spelling was a product of the 1990 French spelling reforms.

Further readingEdit


Middle DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Dutch golt, from Proto-Germanic *gulþą.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gout n (stem goud-)

  1. gold

Alternative formsEdit

  • golt (Rhinelandic, Limburgish)

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • gout”, in Vroegmiddelnederlands Woordenboek, 2000
  • gout”, in Middelnederlandsch Woordenboek, 1929