See also: Gold, gòld, and gółd

EnglishEdit

 
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Chemical element
Au
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A gold nugget.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English gold, from Old English gold (gold), from Proto-West Germanic *golþ, from Proto-Germanic *gulþą (gold), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰl̥tóm (gold), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (yellow; gleam; to shine). Related to yellow; see there for more.

Germanic cognates include Dutch goud, German Gold, Norwegian gull, Swedish guld, and cognates from other Indo-European languages are Latvian zelts, Russian зо́лото (zóloto), Persian زرد(zard, yellow, golden), Sanskrit हिरण्य (hiraṇya).

NounEdit

gold (countable and uncountable, plural golds)

  1. (uncountable) A heavy yellow elemental metal of great value, with atomic number 79 and symbol Au.
  2. (countable or uncountable) A coin or coinage made of this material, or supposedly so.
    • 2020 May 15, Robert Frost, Delphi Complete Works of Robert Frost (Illustrated) (Delphi Poets Series)‎[2], Delphi Classics, →ISBN, OCLC 1155329538:
      ...You like to hear about gold.
      A king filled his prison room
      As full as the room could hold
      To the top of his reach on the wall
      With every known shape of the stuff.
      'Twas to buy himself off his doom. []
    The pirates were searching for gold.
  3. (uncountable) A deep yellow colour, resembling the metal gold.
    gold:  
    metallic gold:  
  4. (countable) The bullseye of an archery target.
    Daniel hit the gold to win the contest.
  5. (countable) A gold medal.
    France has won three golds and five silvers.
  6. (figuratively) Anything or anyone that is very valuable.
    That food mixer you gave me is absolute gold, mate!
    • 2010, Paul Hendy, Who Killed Simon Peters?:
      Now obviously this meant that I went over my allotted time, but the theatre management didn't mind because I was giving them comedy gold and that's what gets bums on seats.
    • 2012, Victor Pemberton, Leo's Girl:
      Marge Quincey didn't deserve a husband like his dad. He was pure gold, and she wasn't worth a light beside him.
  7. (slang, in the plural) A grill (jewellery worn on front teeth) made of gold.

SymbolEdit

SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gold (not generally comparable, comparative golder, superlative goldest)

  1. Made of gold.
    a gold chain
  2. Having the colour of gold.
    gold sticker
    gold socks
    • 1927, F. E. Penny, chapter 4, in Pulling the Strings:
      Soon after the arrival of Mrs. Campbell, dinner was announced by Abboye. He came into the drawing room resplendent in his gold-and-white turban. […] His cummerbund matched the turban in gold lines.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, in The China Governess[3]:
      Here the stripped panelling was warmly gold and the pictures, mostly of the English school, were mellow and gentle in the afternoon light.
  3. (of commercial services) Premium, superior.
  4. Of a musical recording: having sold 500,000 copies.
    Coordinate term: platinum
    • 2000, Billboard (volume 112, number 20, page 52)
      The album went gold, then platinum, thanks to a second hit single, "It's A Miracle".
SynonymsEdit
  • (made of gold, having the colour of gold): golden
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

VerbEdit

gold (third-person singular simple present golds, present participle golding, simple past and past participle golded)

  1. To appear or cause to appear golden.
    • 2010, Tanuja Desai Hidier, Born Confused:
      I caught sight of something that seemed the nexus of all that glittered, all that golded: like a hallucination in the traffic's rotary heart, a saried creature giddily swirling her own razored rainbow roundabout, mirrored fabric sending light spinning like saberlike amidst the smoking, choking cars.
    • 2011, Harry Nicholson, Tom Fleck, page 250:
      You are the sun at Noon, that golds the barley, and pulls the bee to the ling on the moor.
    • 2011, D G Compton, A Usual Lunacy:
      Worked wonders, knowing a thing like that. Golded up your hair, even, for all your record said indeterminate. Golded up the whole world, really.
    • 2011, Robert M. Ellis, “Pokhara Lake”, in North Cape: Selected Poems of a Poet Turned Philosopher, page 21:
      But I work still, a dead, unheeding man across the endless interface: wishing I was the sun who golds the lake or the lake, comprehending sun.
    • 2021, Edward Elmer Smith, The Imperial Stars:
      Hair down to my shoulders; waved and liquid-golded. Eyebrows shaved to a different shape and golded. Handle-bar mustache, waxed to points and golded.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From gold master, a copy of the code certified as being ready for release.

AdjectiveEdit

gold (not comparable)

  1. (programming, of software) In a finished state, ready for manufacturing.
    • 2004 November, “Half-Life 2 goes gold”, in HWM, page 10:
      The Company confirmed that Half-Life 2, developed by Valve Software, has gone gold with a planned retail street date of November 16, 2004.
    • 2011, Jordan Gray, Unearthed, page 6:
      He felt bone-tired and twitchy, the way he did in the final stages of putting a video-game project together, almost ready to go gold and turn a new game loose on the public.
    • 2011, Jessica Mulligan and Bridgette Patrovsky, quoting Damion Schubert, Developing Online Games: An Insider's Guide, page 221:
      I had coded guilds into M59 over the weekend, shortly before we were supposed to go gold.

AdverbEdit

gold (not comparable)

  1. of or referring to a gold version of something

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bingham, Caleb (1808), “Improprieties in Pronunciation, common among the people of New-England”, in The Child's Companion; Being a Conciſe Spelling-book [] [1], 12th edition, Boston: Manning & Loring, OCLC 671561968, page 75.

Further readingEdit

  • David Barthelmy (1997–2023), “Gold”, in Webmineral Mineralogy Database.
  • Mindat.org[4], Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, 2000–2023.

CebuanoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English gold, from Middle English gold, from Old English gold (gold), from Proto-Germanic *gulþą (gold), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰl̥tóm (gold), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (yellow; gleam; to shine).

NounEdit

gold

  1. gold; a heavy yellow elemental metal of great value, with atomic number 79 and symbol Au
  2. a coin or coinage made of this material, or supposedly so
  3. a bright yellow colour, resembling the metal gold
  4. a gold medal
  5. (fantasy role-playing games board games) miscellaneous unit of currency in fantasy genre

AdjectiveEdit

gold

  1. having the colour of gold

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:gold.


CimbrianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German golt, from Old High German gold, from Proto-West Germanic *golþ, from Proto-Germanic *gulþą (gold). Cognate with German Gold, English gold.

NounEdit

gold n

  1. (Luserna) gold (metal)

ReferencesEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Probably from or related to Old Norse geldr (barren, yielding no milk), from Proto-Germanic *galdaz, *galdijaz (barren, unfruitful), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰel- (to shout, cry).

See also Swedish gall (barren), German galt, gelt (yielding no milk, unfruitful), Old Norse gelda (to castrate).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gold

  1. barren, desolate
  2. sterile (unable to reproduce)
  3. dry, (of a cow) not producing milk
    En gold ko.
    A dry cow.

InflectionEdit

Inflection of gold
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular gold goldere goldest2
Neuter singular goldt goldere goldest2
Plural golde goldere goldest2
Definite attributive1 golde goldere goldeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

Derived termsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

gold

  1. singular past indicative of gelden

Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English gold (gold), from Proto-West Germanic *golþ, from Proto-Germanic *gulþą (gold), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰl̥tóm (gold), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰelh₃- (yellow; gleam; to shine).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gold (plural golds)

  1. gold (metal)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • English: gold
  • Scots: gowd, goold

Norwegian NynorskEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

gold (indefinite singular gold, definite singular and plural golde, comparative goldare, indefinite superlative goldast, definite superlative goldaste)

  1. frail, barren

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *golþ, from Proto-Germanic *gulþą, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰĺ̥tom.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gold n

  1. gold

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English gold.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gold (nominative plural golds)

  1. gold

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


WelshEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English gold.

NounEdit

gold m (uncountable)

  1. marigold

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gold old ngold unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “gold”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies