hyperbole

EnglishEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Latin hyperbolē, from Ancient Greek ὑπερβολή (huperbolḗ, excess, exaggeration), from ὑπέρ (hupér, above) + βάλλω (bállō, I throw). Doublet of hyperbola.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /haɪˈpɝːbəli/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Homophones: hyperbolae

NounEdit

hyperbole (countable and uncountable, plural hyperboles)

  1. (uncountable, rhetoric, literature) Deliberate or unintentional overstatement, particularly extreme overstatement.
    • [1835, L[arret] Langley, A Manual of the Figures of Rhetoric, [][1], Doncaster: Printed by C. White, Baxter-Gate, OCLC 1062248511:
      Hyperbole soars too high, or creeps too low,
      Exceeds the truth, things wonderful to shew.
      ]
    • 1837, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Legends of the Province House
      The great staircase, however, may be termed, without much hyperbole, a feature of grandeur and magnificence.
    • 1841, J[ames] Fenimore Cooper, chapter VIII, in The Deerslayer: A Tale. [...] In Three Volumes, volume III, 1st British edition, London: Richard Bentley, [], OCLC 3787056, page 248:
      "Nay, nay, good Sumach," interrupted the Deerslayer, whose love of truth was too indomitable to listen to such hyperbole, with patience []
    • c. 1910, Theodore Roosevelt, Productive Scholarship
      Of course the hymn has come to us from somewhere else, but I do not know from where; and the average native of our village firmly believes that it is indigenous to our own soil—which it can not be, unless it deals in hyperbole, for the nearest approach to a river in our neighborhood is the village pond.
    • 1987, Donald Trump, Tony Schwartz, The Art of the Deal, p. 58.
      The final key to the way I promote is bravado. I play to people's fantasies. ..People want to believe that something is the biggest and the greatest and the most spectacular. I call it truthful hyperbole. It's an innocent form of exaggeration—and a very effective form of promotion.
    • 1995, Richard Klein, “Introduction”, in Cigarettes are sublime, Paperback edition, Durham: Duke University Press, published 1993, →ISBN, OCLC 613939086, page 17:
      In these circumstances, hyperbole is called for, the rhetorical figure that raises its objects up, excessively, way above their actual merit : it is not to deceive by exaggeration that one overshoots the mark, but to allow the true value, the truth of what is insufficiently valued, to appear.
    • 2001, Tom Bentley, Daniel Stedman Jones, The Moral Universe
      The perennial problem, especially for the BBC, has been to reconcile the hyperbole-driven agenda of newspapers with the requirement of balance, which is crucial to the public service remit.
  2. (countable) An instance or example of such overstatement.
  3. (countable, obsolete) A hyperbola.

SynonymsEdit

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FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin hyperbole, from Ancient Greek ὑπερβολή (huperbolḗ, excess, exaggeration), from ὑπέ (hupé, above) + βάλλω (bállō, I throw).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hyperbole f (plural hyperboles)

  1. (rhetoric) hyperbole
  2. (geometry) hyperbola

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek ὑπερβολή (huperbolḗ, excess, exaggeration), from ὑπέ (hupé, above) + βάλλω (bállō, I throw).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hyperbolē f (genitive hyperbolēs); first declension

  1. exaggeration; hyperbole
  2. ablative singular of hyperbolē
  3. vocative singular of hyperbolē

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun (Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative hyperbolē hyperbolae
Genitive hyperbolēs hyperbolārum
Dative hyperbolae hyperbolīs
Accusative hyperbolēn hyperbolās
Ablative hyperbolē hyperbolīs
Vocative hyperbolē hyperbolae

ReferencesEdit