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EnglishEdit

 
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PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English or; partially contracted from other, auther, from Old English āþor, āwþer, āhwæþer ("some, any, either"; > either); and partially from Middle English oththe, from Old English oþþe, from Proto-Germanic *efþau (or).

ConjunctionEdit

or

  1. Connects at least two alternative words, phrases, clauses, sentences, etc. each of which could make a passage true. In English, this is the "inclusive or." The "exclusive or" is formed by "either [] or".
    • 1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page 5
      The sporophyte foot is also characteristic: it is very broad and more or less lenticular or disciform, as broad or broader than the calyptra stalk [] , and is sessile on the calyptra base []
  2. Logical union of two sets of values. There are two forms, an exclusive or and an inclusive or.
  3. Counts the elements before and after as two possibilities.
  4. Otherwise; a consequence of the condition that the previous is false
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 4, in The Celebrity:
      No matter how early I came down, I would find him on the veranda, smoking cigarettes, or otherwise his man would be there with a message to say that his master would shortly join me if I would kindly wait.
    It's raining! Come inside or you'll catch a cold!
  5. Connects two equivalent names.
    the country Myanmar or Burma
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Old French or (yellow), from Latin aurum (gold)

NounEdit

 
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or (uncountable)

  1. (heraldry) The gold or yellow tincture on a coat of arms.
    1909, The metals are gold and silver, these being termed "or" and "argent". — Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, A Complete Guide to Heraldry
    1889, In engraving, "Or" is expressed by dots. — Charles Norton Elvin, A Dictionary of Heraldry
SynonymsEdit
  • (gold or yellow tincture): o., Or
Related termsEdit
  • Au (chemical symbol for gold)
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

or (not comparable)

  1. (heraldry) Of gold or yellow tincture on a coat of arms.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Late Old English ār, from Old Norse ár. Compare ere.

AdverbEdit

or

  1. (obsolete) Early (on).
  2. (obsolete) Earlier, previously.

PrepositionEdit

or

  1. (now archaic or dialect) Before; ere.
    • 1485, Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur, Book VII:
      "Sey ye never so," seyde Sir Bors, "for many tymys or this she hath bene wroth with you, and aftir that she was the firste that repented hit."

StatisticsEdit

Most common English words before 1923 in Project Gutenberg: her · which · have · #26: or · from · this · but

AnagramsEdit


AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin ōrō. Compare Daco-Romanian ura, urez.

VerbEdit

or (past participle uratã)

  1. I pray.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


BasqueEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • hor (dialectal)
  • ora (dialectal)

EtymologyEdit

1103; variant of hor, from Proto-Basque *hor. Mostly replaced by zakur.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

or

  1. dog

SynonymsEdit


CatalanEdit

Chemical element
Au Previous: platí (Pt)
Next: mercuri (Hg)

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin aurum.

NounEdit

or m (plural ors)

  1. gold

FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin aurum, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₂é-h₂us-o- (glow).

NounEdit

or m (plural ors)

  1. gold
  2. (heraldry) or (yellow in heraldry)
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Vulgar Latin horā, alteration of hāc horā.

AdverbEdit

or

  1. (obsolete) now, presently

ConjunctionEdit

or

  1. yet, however

Further readingEdit


IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from French or and Italian ora, or.

ConjunctionEdit

or

  1. yet, however, now, but (in argument)

Usage notesEdit

Or expresses not only a sequence of two propositions, but induces a new argument, a further premise, explanation, motive. When the premise (motive) follows the conclusion, nam is used instead.

AdjectiveEdit

or

  1. Apocopic form of ora (golden)

InterlingueEdit

ConjunctionEdit

or

  1. but, yet

ItalianEdit

AdverbEdit

or

  1. Apocopic form of ora (now), used almost exclusively in the archaic forms or ora (just now) and or sono (ago), the latter with an indication of the time elapsed until the present
    Tre anni or sono comprammo questa casa – It is (now) three years since we bought this house / Three years ago we bought this house
    Ho trovato quasi più giovani e certo più belle le signore ch'io conobbi or sono dodici anni a Bologna – I found the ladies I knew twelve years ago in Bologna almost(?) younger and certainly more beautiful
    Ugo Foscolo

Derived termsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

or m (uncountable)

  1. gold (metal)
  2. gold (color)

DescendantsEdit

  • French: or

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse ǫlr, órir

NounEdit

or f, m (definite singular ora or oren, indefinite plural orer, definite plural orene)

  1. an alder (tree of genus Alnus)

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse ǫlr, órir. Akin to English alder.

NounEdit

or f (definite singular ora, indefinite plural orer, definite plural orene)

or m (definite singular oren, indefinite plural orar, definite plural orane)

  1. an alder (tree of genus Alnus)

Etymology 2Edit

From Old Norse ór

PrepositionEdit

or

  1. out of
  2. from
    • 1956, Olav H. Hauge, "Gjer ein annan mann ei beine":
      Han kom or fjellet, skulde heim, [] .
      He came from the mountain, was heading home [] .

ReferencesEdit


Old EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Germanic *ōzô, *ōsaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃éh₁os (mouth).

NounEdit

ōr n

  1. origin

Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Latin aurum.

NounEdit

or m (oblique plural ors, nominative singular ors, nominative plural or)

  1. gold (metal)
  2. gold (color)
  3. (by extension) blond(e) color

Etymology 2Edit

See ore.

AdverbEdit

or

  1. Alternative form of ore

RomanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

(ele/ei) or (modal auxiliary, third-person plural form of vrea, used with infinitives to form presumptive tenses)

  1. (they) might
    fiindcă or avea ceva pe care noi nu-l avem, va trebui așteptăm puțin
    being that they might have something that we don't, we will need to wait a bit

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan) aur
  • (Surmiran) ôr

EtymologyEdit

From Latin aurum.

NounEdit

or m

  1. (Sutsilvan, Puter, Vallader) gold

ScotsEdit

EtymologyEdit

A variant of ere, obsolete in modern English.

ConjunctionEdit

or

  1. before or until (only in certain senses)
    It'll nae be lang or A gang ma holiday.- It'll not be long until/ before I go on holiday

Usage notesEdit

Not archaic, but rare amongst young people.


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Old Irish amar (song, singing). See òran.

NounEdit

or m (genitive singular ora, plural ora or orthachan or orrachan or orthannan)

  1. hymn, incantation, petition, prayer

SynonymsEdit


SwedishEdit

NounEdit

or n

  1. a mite

DeclensionEdit

Declension of or 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative or oret or oren
Genitive ors orets ors orens

SynonymsEdit


Tocharian AEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *dóru, with unexplained loss of initial */d/. Compare Tocharian B or.

NounEdit

or n

  1. wood

Tocharian BEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *dóru, with unexplained loss of initial */d/. Compare Tocharian A or.

NounEdit

or n

  1. wood

Related termsEdit