See also: Lemma

English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from the same root as λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Noun edit

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (mathematics) A proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition.
  2. (linguistics, lexicography) The canonical form of an inflected word; i.e., the form usually found as the headword in a dictionary, such as the nominative singular of a noun, the bare infinitive of a verb, etc.
  3. (psycholinguistics) The theoretical abstract conceptual form of a word, representing a specific meaning, before the creation of a specific phonological form as the sounds of a lexeme, which may find representation in a specific written form as a dictionary or lexicographic word.
Synonyms edit
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): citation form
Antonyms edit
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): non-lemma
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

From the Ancient Greek λέμμα (lémma), from λέπω (lépō, I peel).

Noun edit

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (botany) The outer shell of a fruit or similar body.
  2. (botany) One of the specialized bracts around the floret in grasses.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Further reading edit

Sister projects

Anagrams edit

Czech edit

Etymology edit

Ultimately from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛma]
  • Hyphenation: le‧m‧ma

Noun edit

lemma n

  1. (mathematics) lemma
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word)

Declension edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

  • lemma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lemma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lemma n (plural lemma's or lemmata, diminutive lemmaatje n)

  1. (mathematics) lemma (proved or accepted proposition used in a proof)
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word, dictionary form)

Derived terms edit

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlemːɑ/, [ˈle̞mːɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -emːɑ
  • Syllabification(key): lem‧ma

Noun edit

lemma

  1. (linguistics) lemma
  2. (mathematics) lemma

Declension edit

Inflection of lemma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative lemma lemmat
genitive lemman lemmojen
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
singular plural
nominative lemma lemmat
accusative nom. lemma lemmat
gen. lemman
genitive lemman lemmojen
lemmainrare
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
inessive lemmassa lemmoissa
elative lemmasta lemmoista
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
adessive lemmalla lemmoilla
ablative lemmalta lemmoilta
allative lemmalle lemmoille
essive lemmana lemmoina
translative lemmaksi lemmoiksi
abessive lemmatta lemmoitta
instructive lemmoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of lemma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmani lemmani
accusative nom. lemmani lemmani
gen. lemmani
genitive lemmani lemmojeni
lemmainirare
partitive lemmaani lemmojani
inessive lemmassani lemmoissani
elative lemmastani lemmoistani
illative lemmaani lemmoihini
adessive lemmallani lemmoillani
ablative lemmaltani lemmoiltani
allative lemmalleni lemmoilleni
essive lemmanani lemmoinani
translative lemmakseni lemmoikseni
abessive lemmattani lemmoittani
instructive
comitative lemmoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmasi lemmasi
accusative nom. lemmasi lemmasi
gen. lemmasi
genitive lemmasi lemmojesi
lemmaisirare
partitive lemmaasi lemmojasi
inessive lemmassasi lemmoissasi
elative lemmastasi lemmoistasi
illative lemmaasi lemmoihisi
adessive lemmallasi lemmoillasi
ablative lemmaltasi lemmoiltasi
allative lemmallesi lemmoillesi
essive lemmanasi lemmoinasi
translative lemmaksesi lemmoiksesi
abessive lemmattasi lemmoittasi
instructive
comitative lemmoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmamme lemmamme
accusative nom. lemmamme lemmamme
gen. lemmamme
genitive lemmamme lemmojemme
lemmaimmerare
partitive lemmaamme lemmojamme
inessive lemmassamme lemmoissamme
elative lemmastamme lemmoistamme
illative lemmaamme lemmoihimme
adessive lemmallamme lemmoillamme
ablative lemmaltamme lemmoiltamme
allative lemmallemme lemmoillemme
essive lemmanamme lemmoinamme
translative lemmaksemme lemmoiksemme
abessive lemmattamme lemmoittamme
instructive
comitative lemmoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmanne lemmanne
accusative nom. lemmanne lemmanne
gen. lemmanne
genitive lemmanne lemmojenne
lemmainnerare
partitive lemmaanne lemmojanne
inessive lemmassanne lemmoissanne
elative lemmastanne lemmoistanne
illative lemmaanne lemmoihinne
adessive lemmallanne lemmoillanne
ablative lemmaltanne lemmoiltanne
allative lemmallenne lemmoillenne
essive lemmananne lemmoinanne
translative lemmaksenne lemmoiksenne
abessive lemmattanne lemmoittanne
instructive
comitative lemmoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative lemmansa lemmansa
accusative nom. lemmansa lemmansa
gen. lemmansa
genitive lemmansa lemmojensa
lemmainsarare
partitive lemmaansa lemmojaan
lemmojansa
inessive lemmassaan
lemmassansa
lemmoissaan
lemmoissansa
elative lemmastaan
lemmastansa
lemmoistaan
lemmoistansa
illative lemmaansa lemmoihinsa
adessive lemmallaan
lemmallansa
lemmoillaan
lemmoillansa
ablative lemmaltaan
lemmaltansa
lemmoiltaan
lemmoiltansa
allative lemmalleen
lemmallensa
lemmoilleen
lemmoillensa
essive lemmanaan
lemmanansa
lemmoinaan
lemmoinansa
translative lemmakseen
lemmaksensa
lemmoikseen
lemmoiksensa
abessive lemmattaan
lemmattansa
lemmoittaan
lemmoittansa
instructive
comitative lemmoineen
lemmoinensa

Synonyms edit

Hungarian edit

 lemma on Hungarian Wikipedia

Etymology edit

From English lemma and German Lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛmːɒ]
  • Hyphenation: lem‧ma
  • Rhymes: -mɒ

Noun edit

lemma (plural lemmák)

  1. (mathematics, linguistics, lexicography) lemma

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lemma lemmák
accusative lemmát lemmákat
dative lemmának lemmáknak
instrumental lemmával lemmákkal
causal-final lemmáért lemmákért
translative lemmává lemmákká
terminative lemmáig lemmákig
essive-formal lemmaként lemmákként
essive-modal
inessive lemmában lemmákban
superessive lemmán lemmákon
adessive lemmánál lemmáknál
illative lemmába lemmákba
sublative lemmára lemmákra
allative lemmához lemmákhoz
elative lemmából lemmákból
delative lemmáról lemmákról
ablative lemmától lemmáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lemmáé lemmáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lemmáéi lemmákéi
Possessive forms of lemma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lemmám lemmáim
2nd person sing. lemmád lemmáid
3rd person sing. lemmája lemmái
1st person plural lemmánk lemmáink
2nd person plural lemmátok lemmáitok
3rd person plural lemmájuk lemmáik

References edit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Italian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lemma m (plural lemmi)

  1. (mathematics, linguistics, lexicography) lemma
  2. entry (in a dictionary)

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lēmma n (genitive lēmmatis); third declension

  1. (literally) A subject for consideration or explanation, a theme, matter, subject, contents.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Pliny the Younger to this entry?)
  2. (transferred senses):
    1. the title of an epigram (because it indicates the subject)
    2. the epigram itself
    3. story, tale
    4. the assumption or lemma of a syllogism
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Aulus Gellius to this entry?)
Declension edit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lēmma lēmmata
Genitive lēmmatis lēmmatum
Dative lēmmatī lēmmatibus
Accusative lēmma lēmmata
Ablative lēmmate lēmmatibus
Vocative lēmma lēmmata
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Catalan: lema
  • Dutch: lemma
  • English: lemma
  • French: lemme
  • German: Lemma
  • Italian: lemma
  • Spanish: lema

References edit

  • lemma”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lemma in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette, page 898/2
  • lemma” on page 1,015/1 of the Oxford Latin Dictionary (1st ed., 1968–82)

Etymology 2 edit

Probably a scribal error: nim.

Noun edit

lemma f (genitive lemmae); first declension

  1. medieval spelling of lemnia [8th C.]
Declension edit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lemma lemmae
Genitive lemmae lemmārum
Dative lemmae lemmīs
Accusative lemmam lemmās
Ablative lemmā lemmīs
Vocative lemma lemmae

References edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

lemma f

  1. (linguistics, lexicography) lemma

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • lemma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Swedish edit

Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

Noun edit

lemma n

  1. lemma[1] (the canonical form of an inflected word, a headword in a dictionary)
  2. (mathematics) lemma (a proposition)

Declension edit

Declension of lemma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lemma lemmat lemman lemmana
Genitive lemmas lemmats lemmans lemmanas

Synonyms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Nordisk leksikografisk ordbok (1997) →ISBN