See also: Lemma

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

NounEdit

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (mathematics) A proposition proved or accepted for immediate use in the proof of some other proposition.
  2. (linguistics, lexicography) The canonical form of an inflected word; i.e., the form usually found as the headword in a dictionary, such as the nominative singular of a noun, the bare infinitive of a verb, etc.
  3. (psycholinguistics) The theoretical abstract conceptual form of a word, representing a specific meaning, before the creation of a specific phonological form as the sounds of a lexeme, which may find representation in a specific written form as a dictionary or lexicographic word.
SynonymsEdit
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): citation form
AntonymsEdit
  • (linguistics, lexicography: canonical form of a word): non-lemma
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the Ancient Greek λέμμα (lémma), from λέπω (lépō, I peel).

NounEdit

lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata)

  1. (botany) The outer shell of a fruit or similar body.
  2. (botany) One of the specialized bracts around the floret in grasses.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Further readingEdit

Sister projects

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛma]
  • Hyphenation: le‧m‧ma

NounEdit

lemma n

  1. (mathematics) lemma
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word)

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • lemma in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • lemma in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lemma n (plural lemma's or lemmata, diminutive lemmaatje n)

  1. (mathematics) lemma (proved or accepted proposition used in a proof)
  2. (linguistics) lemma (the canonical form of an inflected word, dictionary form)

Derived termsEdit


FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma, premise, assumption), from λαμβάνω (lambánō, I take).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈlemːɑ/, [ˈle̞mːɑ]
  • Rhymes: -emːɑ
  • Syllabification: lem‧ma

NounEdit

lemma

  1. (linguistics) lemma
  2. (mathematics) lemma

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of lemma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative lemma lemmat
genitive lemman lemmojen
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
singular plural
nominative lemma lemmat
accusative nom. lemma lemmat
gen. lemman
genitive lemman lemmojen
lemmainrare
partitive lemmaa lemmoja
inessive lemmassa lemmoissa
elative lemmasta lemmoista
illative lemmaan lemmoihin
adessive lemmalla lemmoilla
ablative lemmalta lemmoilta
allative lemmalle lemmoille
essive lemmana lemmoina
translative lemmaksi lemmoiksi
instructive lemmoin
abessive lemmatta lemmoitta
comitative lemmoineen
Possessive forms of lemma (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person lemmani lemmamme
2nd person lemmasi lemmanne
3rd person lemmansa

SynonymsEdit


HungarianEdit

 lemma on Hungarian Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From English lemma and German Lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈlɛmːɒ]
  • Hyphenation: lem‧ma
  • Rhymes: -mɒ

NounEdit

lemma (plural lemmák)

  1. (mathematics, linguistics, lexicography) lemma

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative lemma lemmák
accusative lemmát lemmákat
dative lemmának lemmáknak
instrumental lemmával lemmákkal
causal-final lemmáért lemmákért
translative lemmává lemmákká
terminative lemmáig lemmákig
essive-formal lemmaként lemmákként
essive-modal
inessive lemmában lemmákban
superessive lemmán lemmákon
adessive lemmánál lemmáknál
illative lemmába lemmákba
sublative lemmára lemmákra
allative lemmához lemmákhoz
elative lemmából lemmákból
delative lemmáról lemmákról
ablative lemmától lemmáktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
lemmáé lemmáké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
lemmáéi lemmákéi
Possessive forms of lemma
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. lemmám lemmáim
2nd person sing. lemmád lemmáid
3rd person sing. lemmája lemmái
1st person plural lemmánk lemmáink
2nd person plural lemmátok lemmáitok
3rd person plural lemmájuk lemmáik

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin lemma, from Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lemma m (plural lemmi)

  1. (mathematics, linguistics, lexicography) lemma
  2. entry (in a dictionary)

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek λῆμμᾰ (lêmma).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lēmma n (genitive lēmmatis); third declension

  1. (literally) A subject for consideration or explanation, a theme, matter, subject, contents.
    • (Can we find and add a quotation of Pliny the Younger to this entry?)
  2. (transferred senses):
    1. the title of an epigram (because it indicates the subject)
    2. the epigram itself
    3. story, tale
    4. the assumption or lemma of a syllogism
      • (Can we find and add a quotation of Aulus Gellius to this entry?)
DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lēmma lēmmata
Genitive lēmmatis lēmmatum
Dative lēmmatī lēmmatibus
Accusative lēmma lēmmata
Ablative lēmmate lēmmatibus
Vocative lēmma lēmmata
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Catalan: lema
  • Dutch: lemma
  • English: lemma
  • French: lemme
  • German: Lemma
  • Italian: lemma
  • Spanish: lema

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably a scribal error: nim.

NounEdit

lemma f (genitive lemmae); first declension

  1. medieval spelling of lemnia [8th C.]
DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lemma lemmae
Genitive lemmae lemmārum
Dative lemmae lemmīs
Accusative lemmam lemmās
Ablative lemmā lemmīs
Vocative lemma lemmae

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek λῆμμα (lêmma), from λαμβάνω (lambánō).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lemma f

  1. (linguistics, lexicography) lemma

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • lemma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • lemma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

lemma n

  1. lemma[1] (the canonical form of an inflected word, a headword in a dictionary)
  2. (mathematics) lemma (a proposition)

DeclensionEdit

Declension of lemma 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lemma lemmat lemman lemmana
Genitive lemmas lemmats lemmans lemmanas

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nordisk leksikografisk ordbok (1997) →ISBN