inflection

For inflection templates, see Wiktionary:Inflection templates.

EnglishEdit

 
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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From older inflexion, borrowed from Middle French inflexion, itself borrowed from Latin inflexiōnem (alteration, literally bending). The English spelling with ⟨ct⟩ is due to influence from inflect or related words like correction.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɪnˈflɛkʃən/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛkʃən
  • Hyphenation: in‧flec‧tion

NounEdit

inflection (countable and uncountable, plural inflections)

  1. (grammar, uncountable) Change in the form of a word (morphologic change) to express different grammatical categories.
    In English, word order often does the work that inflection did in Latin
  2. (grammar, countable) An instance of such change.
    an inflection for gender, number, or tense
    1. (grammar) An affix representing such an instance.
      English's regular inflection for number in plural nouns is the suffix -s.
  3. (grammar, countable) Any form produced by such an instance of a change, such as the principal parts for any given stem: any of the declined or conjugated forms that constitute its declension or conjugation.
    Recite every inflection for each of these words.
  4. A change in pitch or tone of voice.
    If he's lying, his inflection changes.
  5. (mathematics) A change in curvature from concave to convex or from convex to concave.
  6. A turning away from a straight course.
    inflection from the rules
  7. (optometry) Diffraction.

SynonymsEdit

HyponymsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.