DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bɔxt/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bocht
  • Rhymes: -ɔxt

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch bocht, from Old Dutch *buht, from Proto-Germanic *buhtiz. Related to buigen.

NounEdit

bocht f or m (plural bochten, diminutive bochtje n)

  1. bend, curve, inflection
  2. bight, broad curvature of a coastline, bay
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch bocht, becht, bacht (garbage, dung, shit), possibly from Proto-West Germanic *buggjan (to buy), though this is at odds with the last two forms.[1]

NounEdit

bocht m or n (uncountable)

  1. (now Belgium) junk, rubbish
  2. junk, booze, moonshine
  3. (Netherlands) disgusting drink, trash, rubbish
    Hij zei dat de bocht die hij ons gaf whiskey was, maar het smaakte er niet naar.
    He said that the foul drink he gave us was whiskey, but it didn't taste like it.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ van der Sijs, Nicoline, editor (2010) , “bocht2”, in Etymologiebank, Meertens Institute

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish bocht (poor).

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

bocht (genitive singular masculine boicht, genitive singular feminine boichte, plural bochta, comparative boichte)

  1. poor (of circumstances, of quality, condition, expressing pity, sympathy, expressing dislike, contempt)
  2. stingy

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

bocht m (genitive singular boicht, nominative plural boicht or bochta)

  1. poor person

DeclensionEdit

  • Alternative nominative plural: bochta

SynonymsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bocht bhocht mbocht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Celtic *boxtos, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰogtós, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeg-.

AdjectiveEdit

bocht

  1. poor
  2. (Christianity) of one who has taken a vow of poverty
InflectionEdit
o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative bocht bocht bocht
Vocative boicht*
bocht**
Accusative bocht boicht
Genitive boicht boichte boicht
Dative bocht boicht bocht
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative boicht bochta
Vocative bochtu
bochta
Accusative bochtu
bochta
Genitive bocht
Dative bochtaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

DescendantsEdit
  • Irish: bocht
  • Manx: boght
  • Scottish Gaelic: bochd

NounEdit

bocht m or f

  1. poor person, pauper
  2. the poor (in a collective sense)
InflectionEdit

As a masculine noun:

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bocht bochtL boichtL
Vocative boicht bochtL bochtuH
Accusative bochtN bochtL bochtuH
Genitive boichtL bocht bochtN
Dative bochtL bochtaib bochtaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

As a feminine noun:

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bochtL boichtL bochtaH
Vocative bochtL boichtL bochtaH
Accusative boichtN boichtL bochtaH
Genitive boichteH bochtL bochtN
Dative boichtL bochtaib bochtaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the main entry.

VerbEdit

·bocht

  1. passive singular preterite of boingid

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bocht bocht
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbocht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.