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HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Lexicalization of the Old Hungarian noun ki ~ kiv (outer part) + -l (locative suffix).[1]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkiːvyl]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kí‧vül

AdverbEdit

kívül

  1. outside, outdoors
    Synonym: kint
    Antonyms: belül, bent

Derived termsEdit

PostpositionEdit

kívül

  1. outside of something (followed by -n/-on/-en/-ön)
  2. apart from, besides (followed by -n/-on/-en/-ön)

DeclensionEdit

When used with personal pronouns, the postposition is placed after the declined form, e.g. rajtam kívül ("besides me"). The other option is the declension of the postposition itself. It is, however, archaic or poetic:

Derived termsEdit

(Compound words):

(Expressions):

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Zaicz, Gábor. Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (’Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN