kívül

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Lexicalization of the Old Hungarian noun ki ~ kiv (outer part) +‎ -l (ablative suffix).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈkiːvyl]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: kí‧vül
  • Rhymes: -yl

AdverbEdit

kívül

  1. outside, outdoors
    Synonym: kint
    Antonyms: belül, bent

Derived termsEdit

Compound words

PostpositionEdit

kívül

  1. outside of something (followed by -n/-on/-en/-ön)
  2. apart from, besides (followed by -n/-on/-en/-ön)

DeclensionEdit

When used with personal pronouns, the postposition is placed after the declined form, e.g. rajtam kívül (besides me). The other option is the declension of the postposition itself. It is, however, archaic or poetic:

Derived termsEdit

Compound words
Expressions

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ kívül in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)
  2. ^ kívül in Gerstner, Károly (ed.). Új magyar etimológiai szótár. (’New Etymological Dictionary of Hungarian’). Beta version. Budapest, MTA Nyelvtudományi Intézet / ELKH Nyelvtudományi Kutatóközpont, 2011–2022. (Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary).

Further readingEdit