besides

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English biside, equivalent to beside +‎ -s. See -s (Etymology 3)

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /bəˈsaɪdz/, /biˈsaɪdz/
  • (file)

PrepositionEdit

besides

  1. In addition, in addition to.
    • 1661, John Fell, “The Life of the most learned, reverend and pious Dr. H. Hammond”, quoted in Ecclesiastical Biography by Christopher Wordsworth, fourth edition, volume IV, London: Francis & John Rivington (1853):
      During the whole time of his abode in the university he generally spent thirteen hours of the day in study; by which assiduity besides an exact dispatch of the whole course of philosophy, he read over in a manner all classic authors that are extant []
    • 1776, Thomas Pennant, A Tour in Scotland and Voyage to the Hebrides, 1772
      It is besides used as a food, either as a sallad[sic], raw, or boiled as greens.
  2. Other than; except for; instead of.
    I don't want to go anywhere besides India.
  3. (obsolete) Beside.
    • 1561, Geneva Bible, Acts 16:13,The Geneva Bible#page/n1075
      And on the Sabbath day, we went out of the citie, beſides a riuer, where they were wont to pray : and we ſate downe, and ſpake vnto the women, which were come together.
    • 1577, Raphael Holinshed et al., The Firste Volume of the Chronicles of England, Scotlande, and Irelande, London: John Hunne, “The Historie of Englande. Aldestane,” p. 225,[1]
      After this, was Edwin the Kings brother accuſed of ſome conſpiracie by him begun againſt the K. whervpõ he was baniſhed the land, and ſent out in an old rotten veſſell without rower or Marriner, onely accompanied with one Eſquire, ſo that beeing launched foorth from the ſhore, through very diſpaire Edwin lept into the Sea, and drowned himſelfe, but the Eſquire that was with him recouered his body, and broughte it to land at Withſand beſides Canterbury.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book Two, Canto 1, p. 198,[2]
      Beſides them both, vpon the ſoiled gras / The dead corſe of an armed knight was ſpred, []

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

besides (not comparable)

  1. (conjunctive) Also; in addition.
    • 1886, Robert Louis Stevenson, Kidnapped
      This was but one of Cluny’s hiding-places; he had caves, besides, and underground chambers in several parts of his country; and following the reports of his scouts, he moved from one to another as the soldiers drew near or moved away.
    • 2012 April 18, Phil McNulty, “Chelsea 1-0 Barcelona”, in BBC Sport:
      In the end, Chelsea's organisation and discipline was rewarded but Di Matteo knows they will have to produce the same - and more besides - in the Nou Camp to confirm a meeting with either Real Madrid or Bayern Munich in the final in Munich next month.
  2. (conjunctive) Used to emphasize an additional point, especially an important or stronger reason; moreover; furthermore.
    I don't feel like going out tonight. Besides, I have to work tomorrow morning anyway.
  3. Otherwise; else.
    I have been to Spain but nowhere besides.
  4. (obsolete) On one side.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

See alsoEdit