EnglishEdit

 
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Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Hawaiian ki.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ki (countable and uncountable, plural kis)

  1. Ti, a plant native to the Pacific islands and China, Cordyline fruticosa.

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

ki (uncountable)

  1. (Britain, naval slang) Alternative form of kye (cocoa)
    • 1917, The Tea & Coffee Trade Journal (volumes 34-35, page 217)
      At sea a special cauldron of 'ki,' prepared by the ship's cook, is sent round action stations in 'fannies' or large pitchers.

Etymology 3Edit

From dated romanizations of Mandarin () without the k-q merger, or from Japanese (ki), both ultimately from the same Middle Chinese origin.

NounEdit

ki (uncountable)

  1. (philosophy) Alternative form of chi
    • 1983, George A. Kirby, Jujitsu: Basic Techniques of the Gentle Art (page 19)
      If you are calm and relaxed it will be easier for you to accept and use his ki, helping him to reach his goal. In other words, you will redirect his ki or enhance it with your own to bring your attacker down in the direction he was directing his ki.

AnagramsEdit


AbenakiEdit

NounEdit

ki

  1. Alternative form of aki

ReferencesEdit

  • Joseph Laurent (1884) New Familiar Abenakis and English Dialogues, Quebec: Leger Brousseau

AimeleEdit

NounEdit

ki

  1. bone

Further readingEdit

  • R. D. Shaw, The Bosavi Language Family (1986), in Papers in New Guinea Linguistics (D. C. Laycock et al., eds.), number 24

AzerbaijaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Persian که(ke).

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ki

  1. that
    Mən bilirəm ki, bu düzdür.
    I know that this is right.
    O mənə demişdir ki, hər şey yaxşı olacaq. Amma olmadı.
    He told me that everything would be fine. But it wasn't.
  2. to, in order to, so that
    Mən oraya getmişdim ki, lazım olanları alım.
    I went there to buy whatever was needed.
    Onlar onu evə göndərdilər ki, heç kim onu görməsin.
    They sent him home so that nobody would see him.

BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *ki, from Proto-Celtic *kū, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

NounEdit

ki m (plural chas or kon)

  1. dog
    Ar c'hi zo o kousket amañ.
    The dog is sleeping here.

Derived termsEdit

MutationEdit


CornishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Brythonic *ki, from Proto-Celtic *kū, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ki m (plural keun)

  1. dog

MutationEdit

Derived termsEdit


Dena'inaEdit

AdverbEdit

ki

  1. again, too, more
  2. furthermore, moreover

FijianEdit

PrepositionEdit

ki

  1. to, for, towards (used for common nouns and names of places)
  2. at (used for locations)

FulaEdit

SuffixEdit

ki

  1. Noun class indicator for nouns (singular) including trees and some objects such as knives

Usage notesEdit

ArticleEdit

ki

  1. (definite) the (when it follows the noun)
    Lekki kithe tree

Usage notesEdit

DeterminerEdit

ki

  1. (used in indicating something)
    Ki lekkithis/that tree

Usage notesEdit


Guinea-Bissau CreoleEdit

PronounEdit

ki

  1. who

Haitian CreoleEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French qui.

DeterminerEdit

ki

  1. what

PronounEdit

ki

  1. (relative) who, which

Usage notesEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [ˈki]
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ki

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Ugric.

AdverbEdit

ki (comparative kijjebb, superlative legkijjebb)

  1. out, not inside, from the inside, in an outward direction
Derived termsEdit
Compound words

Etymology 2Edit

Pronominal adverbs from case suffixes (cf. postpositions)
case suffix who? what? this that he/she
(it)*
v. pr. c.
nom. ki mi ez az ő* / Ø
az / Ø
acc. -t / -ot /
-at / -et / -öt
kit mit ezt azt őt* / Ø
azt / Ø
c1
c2
dat. -nak / -nek kinek minek ennek annak neki neki- c
ins. -val / -vel kivel mivel ezzel/
evvel
azzal/
avval
vele (vele-) c
c-f. -ért kiért miért ezért azért érte c
tra. -vá / -vé kivé mivé ezzé azzá c
ter. -ig meddig eddig addig c
e-f. -ként (kiként) (miként) ekként akként c
e-m. -ul / -ül c
ine. -ban / -ben kiben miben ebben abban benne c
sup. -n/-on/-en/-ön kin min ezen azon rajta (rajta-) c
ade. -nál / -nél kinél minél ennél annál nála c
ill. -ba / -be kibe mibe ebbe abba bele bele- c
sub. -ra / -re kire mire erre arra rá- c
all. -hoz/-hez/-höz kihez mihez ehhez ahhoz hozzá hozzá- c
el. -ból / -ből kiből miből ebből abból belőle c
del. -ról / -ről kiről miről erről arról róla c
abl. -tól / -től kitől mitől ettől attól tőle c
*: Ő and őt refer to human beings; the forms below them might be
construed likewise. – Forms in parentheses are uncommon. All »

From Proto-Uralic *ke, the same root from which the Finnish ken and Ter Sami kie are derived.

PronounEdit

ki

  1. (interrogative) who (what person or people; which person or people)
  2. (relative, archaic) Synonym of aki (who, the person or people that)
    • 1916, Mihály Babits, Új könyvekre,[1] stanza 2:
      Gondoljatok arra, kit messze rejtek / rejt tőletek, ki ha kóstolja bortok / nem érzi már ízét sem; és ha szóltok / nem érti, s más összhang mit vágya kerget.
      (literally) Think of the one who is hidden from you by a distant hideout, who when tasting your wine will not sense its savor anymore, [who] will not understand when you speak to him, and it’s a different harmony [that] his desire pursues.
  3. (relative, archaic) Synonym of az, aki (who, whoever, he/she who, they who)
    ki korán kel, aranyat lelthe early bird gets the worm (literally, “whoever gets up early finds gold”)
  4. (paired) some (referring to people)
    Ki erre, ki arra szaladt.Some ran this way; some, the other way.

Table of Correlatives (cf. H. demonstrative adverbs)
question same every-/all no- relative some any else
this that ugyan mind(en)- se(m/n)- a- + qu. vala  akár
bár
más
who ki ő u mindenki senki aki v a b m
what mi ez az u u minden semmi ami/amely v a b m
which melyik mindegyik
mind
semelyik
egyik sem
amelyik v a b m
how hogy(an)
miként
így úgy u u mindenhogy
mindenhogyan
sehogy(an)
semmiképpen
ahogy/mint
ahogyan
v
v
a b
a b
m/m
m/m
whatlike
what kind
milyen
miféle
ilyen
efféle
olyan
afféle
u u mindenféle semmilyen
semmiféle
amilyen v
v
a b
a b
m
m/m
where hol itt ott u u mindenhol
mindenütt
sehol ahol v a b m
m
from wh. honnan innen onnan u u mindenhonnan sehonnan ahonnan v a b m
to where hova
hová
ide oda u u mindenhova
mindenhová
sehova
sehová
ahova
ahová
v
v
a b
a b
m
m
from
which way
merről erről arról u u mindenfelől semerről amerről v a b m
which way merre erre arra u u mindenfelé semerre amerre v a b m
why miért ezért azért u u mindenért semmiért amiért v a b m
how many hány ennyi annyi u u mind
az összes
sehány ahány v a b
how much mennyi semennyi amennyi v a b
what extent mennyire ennyire annyira u u (teljesen) semennyire amennyire v a b
what size mekkora ekkora akkora u u (az egész) semekkora amekkora v a b
what time mikor ekkor akkor u u mindig soha/sose(m)
sohase(m)
amikor v a b m
how long
how far
meddig eddig addig u u (végig)* semeddig ameddig v a b
*: Mindeddig/-addig mean “up until this/that point” (= egészen eddig/addig).
Csak following relative pronouns expresses “-ever”, e.g. aki csak (whoever);
is after “any” pronouns emphasizes “no matter”: akármit is (no matter what).
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative ki kik
accusative kit kiket
dative kinek kiknek
instrumental kivel kikkel
causal-final kiért kikért
translative kivé kikké
terminative kiig kikig
essive-formal kiként kikként
essive-modal
inessive kiben kikben
superessive kin kiken
adessive kinél kiknél
illative kibe kikbe
sublative kire kikre
allative kihez kikhez
elative kiből kikből
delative kiről kikről
ablative kitől kiktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
kié kiké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
kiéi kikéi
Possessive forms of ki
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. kim kijeim
2nd person sing. kid kijeid
3rd person sing. kije kijei
1st person plural kink kijeink
2nd person plural kitek kijeitek
3rd person plural kijük kijeik
Derived termsEdit
Compound words
Expressions

Further readingEdit

  • (who): ki in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (out): ki in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

ki

  1. Rōmaji transcription of
  2. Rōmaji transcription of

JavaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Clipping of iki.

DeterminerEdit

ki

  1. (colloquial) this, these

KabuverdianuEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese que.

AdverbEdit

ki

  1. than
  2. that
  3. which

KamassianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Uralic *kuŋe.

NounEdit

ki (transliteration needed)

  1. moon

KristangEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese que.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ki

  1. (interrogative) what (what thing)
  2. (relative) that; which

MaoriEdit

ParticleEdit

ki

  1. to, toward.

Mauritian CreoleEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French qui.

PronounEdit

ki

  1. (relative) who
  2. (relative) what
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From French que.

ParticleEdit

ki

  1. than
  2. that

Min NanEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of ki – see (“branch; twig; etc.”).
(This character, ki, is the Pe̍h-ōe-jī form of .)

Old FrenchEdit

PronounEdit

ki

  1. Alternative form of qui
    • 13th century, Unknown, La Vie de Saint Laurent, page 1, column 2, line 16:
      ki trop i prent son tens i pert
      He who spends too much of his time on it suffers as a result

PapiamentuEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Portuguese quê and Spanish qué.

PronounEdit

ki

  1. what

PhaluraEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

PostpositionEdit

ki (کیۡ)

  1. as
  2. of
  3. out of
  4. with

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[2], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ki (conjunction, Perso-Arabic spelling کیۡ)

  1. or

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[3], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ki (conjunction, Perso-Arabic spelling کیۡ)

  1. Complementizer preceding extraposed complement clause

ReferencesEdit

  • Liljegren, Henrik; Haider, Naseem (2011) Palula Vocabulary (FLI Language and Culture Series; 7)‎[4], Islamabad, Pakistan: Forum for Language Initiatives, →ISBN

Rapa NuiEdit

VerbEdit

ki

  1. say
  2. look

RohingyaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Bengali [Term?].

PronounEdit

ki

  1. what

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *kъjь, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷos + relative particle *yos.

PronounEdit

ki (Cyrillic spelling ки)

  1. (Kajkavian, relative) which, that, who

SynonymsEdit


SloveneEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *kъjь, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷos + relative particle *yos.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ki

  1. who, which, that (relative)

InflectionEdit

This pronoun needs an inflection-table template.


SumerianEdit

RomanizationEdit

ki

  1. Romanization of 𒆠 (ki)

SwahiliEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ki

  1. it is

Tok PisinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English key.

NounEdit

ki

  1. key

TokelauanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Polynesian *ki. Cognates include Hawaiian i and Samoan 'i. The sense of the direct object stems from the comparison of a thought's motion to a physical motion.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈki/
  • Hyphenation: ki

PrepositionEdit

ki

  1. towards, to, into, onto
  2. Marks the direct object of some verbs.

ReferencesEdit

  • R. Simona, editor (1986) Tokelau Dictionary[5], Auckland: Office of Tokelau Affairs, page 159

TonganEdit

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

ki

  1. to (in the dative sense)

TurkishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ottoman Turkish كه‎, from Classical Persian که(ke).

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

ki

  1. that

Etymology 2Edit

Reduced form of iki.

NumeralEdit

ki

  1. two (short form of iki)
    bir-ki-üç-dört
    one-two-three-four

UnamiEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Algonquian *ki·ra.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

ki

  1. you (second person singular)

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From French quille.

NounEdit

(classifier con) ki

  1. (bowling) a pin

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

(classifier con) ki

  1. (colloquial, euphemistic) dog (animal)
    ngu như kistupid like a dog

Etymology 3Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

(classifier cái) ki

  1. a dustpan

YorubaEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

  1. The name of the Latin-script letter K.

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

ParticleEdit

  1. (subjunctive) Subjunctive clause particle expressing obligation, wish, or permission.
Usage notesEdit

Similar to the negation particles and , the first-person singular pronoun mo changes to n after this particle.

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

  1. (transitive) to greet, to say hello
  2. (transitive) to visit

Etymology 4Edit

VerbEdit

ki

  1. (transitive) to deliver a eulogy for someone
  2. (transitive) to sing the praises of someone

Etymology 5Edit

VerbEdit

ki

  1. (transitive) to load
  2. (transitive) to compress (powdered material) into a container

Etymology 6Edit

VerbEdit

ki

  1. (intransitive) to be viscous

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 7Edit

ParticleEdit

  1. Alternative form of (not) (used before í)

ZouEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Ki (1).

From Proto-Kuki-Chin *kii, from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *r-ki. Cognates include Khumi Chin täki.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  1. horn

Etymology 2Edit

 
Ki (2).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

  1. parrot

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

  1. scared
  2. disgusted

ReferencesEdit

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 63