lexicon

See also: léxicon

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
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Through Middle French or directly from New Latin lexicon, from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon, a dictionary), ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally a book of words), from λεξικός (lexikós, of words), from λέξις (léxis, a saying, speech, word), from λέγω (légō, to speak), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather, collect).

Attested at least since 1583 (in William Fulke's A Defense of the Sincere and True Translations of the Holy Scriptures into the English tongue) in the sense 'a dictionary of a classical language'.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈlɛk.sɪ.kən/
  • (US) enPR: lĕ'ksĭkŏn, IPA(key): /ˈlɛk.sɪ.kɑn/
  • (file)

NounEdit

 
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lexicon (plural lexica or lexicons)

  1. The vocabulary of a language.
    Synonyms: word-hoard, word-stock
  2. (linguistics) A dictionary that includes or focuses on lexemes.
    Synonym: wordbook
  3. A dictionary of Classical Greek, Hebrew, Latin, or Aramaic.
  4. (programming) The lexicology of a programming language. (Usually called lexical structure.)
  5. (rare) Any dictionary.
  6. The vocabulary used by or known to an individual. (Also called lexical knowledge)
  7. A vocabulary specific to a certain subject.
    a baseball lexicon

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Further readingEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From New Latin lexicon, from Ancient Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon), neuter of λεξικός (lexikós, of words).

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lexi‧con

NounEdit

lexicon n (plural lexicons or lexica, diminutive lexiconnetje n)

  1. (clarification of this definition is needed) lexicon

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

 
Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

EtymologyEdit

Learned borrowing from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, a lexicon), which is an ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally a book of words), from λεξικός (lexikós, of words), from λέξις (léxis, a saying, speech, word), from λέγω (légō, to speak), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (to gather, collect).

Attested at least since Girolamo Aleandro's Lexicon graeco-latinum, multis et praeclaris additionibus locupletatum (1512).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

lexicon n (genitive lexicī); second declension

  1. (New Latin) a dictionary, a lexicon

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun (neuter, Greek-type).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lexicon lexica
Genitive lexicī lexicōrum
Dative lexicō lexicīs
Accusative lexicon lexica
Ablative lexicō lexicīs
Vocative lexicon lexica

DescendantsEdit

  • Dutch: lexicon m
  • German: Lexikon, Lexicon
  • Middle French: lexicon m
    • French: lexique m
    • English: lexicon (possibly; or directly from Latin)

ReferencesEdit