Through Middle French or directly from New Latin lexicon, from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, “a lexicon, a dictionary”), ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally “a book of words”), from λεξικός (lexikós, “of words”), from λέξις (léxis, “a saying, speech, word”), from λέγω (légō, “to speak”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (“to gather, collect”).
Attested at least since 1583 (in William Fulke's A Defense of the Sincere and True Translations of the Holy Scriptures into the English tongue) in the sense 'a dictionary of a classical language'.
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈlɛk.sɪ.kən/
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈlɛk.sɪ.kɒn/
- (US) enPR: lĕk'sĭkŏn, IPA(key): /ˈlɛk.sɪ.kɑn/
Audio (US) (file)
- The vocabulary of a language.
- (lexicography, linguistics) A dictionary that includes or focuses on lexemes.
- Synonym: wordbook
- A dictionary of Classical Greek, Hebrew, Latin, or Aramaic.
- (programming) The lexicology of a programming language. (Usually called lexical structure.)
- (rare) Any dictionary.
- The vocabulary used by or known to an individual. (Also called lexical knowledge.)
- Coordinate term: idiolect
- A set of vocabulary specific to a certain subject.
- the baseball lexicon
- A list thereof.
- Synonym: glossary
- a baseball lexicon
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Further reading edit
- “lexicon”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC.
- “lexicon”, in The Century Dictionary […], New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911, →OCLC.
- Hyphenation: lexi‧con
- (clarification of this definition is needed) lexicon
Further reading edit
Learned borrowing from Byzantine Greek λεξικόν (lexikón, “a lexicon”), which is an ellipsis from Ancient Greek λεξικὸν βιβλίον (lexikòn biblíon, literally “a book of words”), from λεξικός (lexikós, “of words”), from λέξις (léxis, “a saying, speech, word”), from λέγω (légō, “to speak”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ- (“to gather, collect”).
Attested at least since Girolamo Aleandro's Lexicon graeco-latinum, multis et praeclaris additionibus locupletatum (1512).
- (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈlek.si.kon/, [ˈɫ̪ɛks̠ɪkɔn]
- (modern Italianate Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈlek.si.kon/, [ˈlɛksikon]
Second-declension noun (neuter, Greek-type).
- → Dutch: lexicon m
- → German: Lexikon, Lexicon
- → Middle French: lexicon m
lexicon n (plural lexicoane)