See also: Loam

English edit

Three layers of subsurface loam; surface layer is dark brown fine sandy loam, subsurface layer is pale brown fine sandy loam, subsoil is red clay loam and sandy clay loam.
Soil types by clay, silt and sand composition as used by the United States Department of Agriculture

Etymology edit

From Middle English lome, lame, lam, from Old English lām (clay, mud, mire, earth), from Proto-West Germanic *laim, from Proto-Germanic *laimaz, *laimô (clay), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂leyH- (to smear). Cognate with Saterland Frisian Leem (loam), West Frisian liem (loam), Dutch leem (loam), German Lehm (loam). Related also to lime.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ləʊm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /loʊm/, (dialectal) /lum/, /lʊm/[1]
  • Rhymes: -əʊm, -uːm
  • (file)

Noun edit

loam (countable and uncountable, plural loams)

  1. (geology) A type of soil; an earthy mixture of sand, silt and clay, with organic matter to which its fertility is chiefly due.
  2. (metalworking) A mixture of sand, clay, and other materials, used in making moulds for large castings, often without a pattern.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Verb edit

loam (third-person singular simple present loams, present participle loaming, simple past and past participle loamed)

  1. To cover, smear, or fill with loam.

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Adjective edit

loam (not comparable)

  1. Made of loam; consisting of loam.

References edit

  1. ^ Bingham, Caleb (1808) “Improprieties in Pronunciation, common among the people of New-England”, in The Child's Companion; Being a Conciſe Spelling-book [] [1], 12th edition, Boston: Manning & Loring, →OCLC, page 76.

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Galician edit

Verb edit


  1. (reintegrationist norm) third-person plural present indicative of loar

Portuguese edit

Verb edit


  1. third-person plural present indicative of loar