See also: LER, lèr, lêr, and -ler

DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /leːˀr/, [ˈleˀɐ̯], [ˈleɐ̯ˀ]

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Norse leir, from Proto-Germanic *laizą, cognate with Norwegian leir, Swedish ler. Probably from the Indo-European root *h₂leyH- (to smear).

NounEdit

ler n (singular definite leret, not used in plural form)

  1. clay
InflectionEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

VerbEdit

ler

  1. present tense of le

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese leer, from Latin legere, present active infinitive of legō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ler (first-person singular present leo, first-person singular preterite lin, past participle lido)

  1. to read

ConjugationEdit

  • Note: Present forms are irregular.

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • leer” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • leer” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • ler” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • ler” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • ler” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “whence r?”)

PronunciationEdit

SuffixEdit

ler(ラー) (-rā

  1. Alternative form of er (ā)

Derived termsEdit


MirandeseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin legere.

VerbEdit

ler

  1. to read

Norwegian BokmålEdit

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

VerbEdit

ler

  1. present of le

Norwegian NynorskEdit

VerbEdit

ler

  1. present of le

Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *liros, borrowed from an unknown substrate language.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ler m or n (genitive lir)

  1. (masculine) sea, ocean
  2. (neuter) a lot, multitude, large number

InflectionEdit

As a masculine noun meaning "sea, ocean":

Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ler lerL lirL
Vocative lir lerL liruH
Accusative lerN lerL liruH
Genitive lirL ler lerN
Dative liurL leraib leraib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

As a neuter noun meaning "a lot, large number, multitude":

Neuter o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lerN lerN lerL, lera
Vocative lerN lerN lerL, lera
Accusative lerN lerN lerL, lera
Genitive lirL ler lerN
Dative liurL leraib leraib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ler
also ller after a proclitic
ler
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*liro-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 241

Old PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • lez (likely a misspelling)

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. Likely from Proto-Celtic *liros.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ler m

  1. sea, beach, shore

Usage notesEdit

  • Do not confuse with leer (to read).

PortugueseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Portuguese leer, from Latin legere, present active infinitive of legō (I read), from Proto-Italic *legō, from Proto-Indo-European *leǵ-.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ler (first-person singular present indicative leio, past participle lido)

  1. to read (to look at and interpret written information)
  2. to read (to speak aloud written information)

ConjugationEdit

QuotationsEdit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:ler.

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Makalero: leh (to read)

RomanschEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin legō, legere.

VerbEdit

ler

  1. (Puter) to read
Alternative formsEdit
  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Vallader) leger
  • (Sutsilvan, Surmiran) liger

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

ler

  1. (Sutsilvan) Alternative form of vuler

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German leer.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /lêːr/
  • Hyphenation: ler

NounEdit

lȇr m (Cyrillic spelling ле̑р)

  1. (regional, automotive) neutral

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ler” in Hrvatski jezični portal

SwedishEdit

NounEdit

ler c

  1. clay; Contraction of lera., in the expression ler och långhalm

VerbEdit

ler

  1. present tense of le.

AnagramsEdit